Finding Data: Data on Europe
ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF
- Selected Resources for: Armenia
- Selected Resources for: Denmark
- Selected Resources for: Greece
- Selected Resources for: Italy
- Selected Resources for: Portugal
- Selected Resources for: Spain
- Selected Resources for: United Kingdom
- 10 Million International Dyadic Events
News report events related to political retaliation, world news, economic change, and catastrophes.
10 Million International Dyadic Events (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Gary King and Will Lowe.
- Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.
- Bank's Crossnational Time Series
Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815, and the most recent data is for 2009. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Also available in SDA format (for this database most suitable for browsing or single country lookups).
- Candidate Countries Eurobarometer Survey (2001-2004)
In October 2001, the European Commission launched a new series of surveys in the 13 countries that were applying for European Union membership under the heading Candidate Countries Eurobarometer (CCEB). Initially named Applicant Countries Eurobarometer (or AC-EB) the surveys were ordered and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Press and Communication (Public Opinion Analysis). The CCEB surveys were carried out in Bulgaria, Republic of Cyprus (with a separate northern Cyprus survey parallel to 2002.2), Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Turkey. After a 4 year gap the CCEB replaced the former Central and Eastern Eurobarometer.
- Caucasus Barometer
In order to increase the cross-comparison of regional social and economic dynamics, the Caucacus Research Resource Centers (CRRC) began a coordinated data collection effort in the fall of 2003 to obtain reliable, comparable data on household knowledge, attitudes and practices across the South Caucasus. The CRRC teams in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia have been collecting data in the South Caucasus on an annual basis since 2004. Although the 2004 DI survey was initially carried out only in the 3 capital cities, the 2005 DI also included one region in each country. Since 2006, the survey has been carried out nationwide, in both urban and rural areas. Requires free registration.
- Central and Eastern Eurobarometer Survey Series (CEEB) (1990-1997)
Began in 1990, when nationally representative surveys were undertaken on behalf of the European Commission in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and the Soviet Union. Explored individuals' attitudes toward democratic and economic reform, were carried out in the autumn of each year through 1997 in up to 20 countries of the region. An extension of the Eurobarometer series conducted semi-annually in the member nations of the European Union (EU), the Central and Eastern Eurobarometers also focused on public support for the EU and on other issues facing Europe as a whole. After the 1st wave of research, the number of countries was variably expanded to reflect then-current political alignments and realities of access for survey researchers. In each of the countries surveyed, approximately 1,000 persons aged 15 and over were interviewed in their own homes.
- Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES)
Collaborative program of cross-national research among election studies conducted in over fifty states. The CSES is composed of three tightly linked parts: First, a common module of public opinion survey questions is included in each participant country's post-election study. These "micro" level data include vote choice, candidate and party evaluations, current and retrospective economic evaluations, evaluation of the electoral system itself, in addition to standardized sociodemographic measures. Second, district level data are reported for each respondent, including electoral returns, turnout, and the number of candidates. Finally, system or "macro" level data report aggregate electoral returns, electoral rules and formulas, and regime characteristics.
Covers the United States as well as a number of European democracies, some in Latin America and the Carribean, and Asia.
- Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976
Contains information gathered in 5 annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies. Was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. Data includes assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include 4 additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied.
- Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA)
Repository of detailed results - including votes received by each candidate/party, total votes cast, number of eligible voters, and seat figures where available - at a constituency level for the lower house legislative elections that have been conducted around the world. The
dataset and documentation currently include 1,098 elections from 73 countries. Future releases are being planned that will include more countries & additional elections. Data available in SAS, STATA, SPSS, and raw data formats.
- Correlates of War (1816+)
Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.
- Cross-National Statistics on the Causes of Death (1966-1974)
Demographic statistics for the populations of 125 countries or areas throughout the world. Units of analysis are both country and data year. Includes statistics on approximately 50 types of causes of death for males, females, and total populations.
- Data on International Election Monitoring: Three Global Datasets on Election Quality, Election Events and International Election Observation
Focuses on elections and election monitoring throughout the world. Dataset 1, Data on International Election Monitoring (DIEM), codes the assessement and activities of international election monitoring organizations to national-level legislative and presidential elections in 108 countries from 1980-2004. Dataset 2, Quality of Elections Data (QED), codes the quality of national-level legislative and presidential elections in 172 countries from 1978 to 2004. Dataset 3, Supplementary Election Data, includes supplementary information on all direct presidential and legislative elections in 182 countries from 1975-2004.
- Demographic and Health Surveys
Used to evaluate population, health, and nutrition programs. Provides national and sub-national data on family planning, maternal and child health, child survival, HIV/AIDS/sexually transmitted infections (STIs), infectious diseases, reproductive health and nutrition. Microdata is available free of charge by request. To search for HIV and GPS datasets, use the Dataset Access tab. First check characteristics and sample sizes. Data is available for:
- Afghanistan (2010)
- Albania (2008/09)
- Angola (2006/07, 2011)
- Armenia (2000, 2005, 2010)
- Azerbaijan (2006)
- Bangladesh (1993/94, 1996/97, 1999-2001, 2004, 2007, 2011)
- Benin (1996, 2001, 2006)
- Bolivia (1989, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2008)
- Botswana (1988) (restricted)
- Brazil (1986, 1991, 1996)
- Burkina Faso (1993, 1998/99. 2003, 2010)
- Burundi (1987, 2010)
- Cambodia (1998, 2000, 2005, 2010)
- Cameroon (1991, 1998, 2004, 2011)
- Cape Verde (2005)
- Central African Republic (1994/95)
- Chad (1996/97, 2004)
- Colombia (1986, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010)
- Comoros (1996)
- Congo (Brazzaville) (2005, 2009)
- Congo Democratic Republic (2007)
- Cote d'Ivoire (1994, 1998/99, 2005)
- Dominican Republic (1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2007)
- Ecuador (1987)
- Egypt (1988, 1992, 1995-1997, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2008)
- El Salvador (1985)
- Eritrea (1995, 2002) (restricted)
- Ethiopia (2000, 2005, 2011)
- Gabon (2000)
- Ghana (1988, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2007-2008)
- Guatemala (1987, 1995, 1998/99)
- Guinea (1999, 2005)
- Guyana (2005, 2009)
- Haiti (1994/95, 2000, 2005/06)
- Honduras (2005/06)
- India (19992/93, 1998/99, 2005/06)
- Indonesia (1987, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2002-2003, 2007)
- Jordan (1990, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2009)
- Kazakhstan (1995, 1999)
- Kenya (1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008/09)
- Kyrgyz Republic (1997)
- Lesotho (2004, 2009)
- Liberia (1986, 2007, 2009, 2011)
- Madagascar (1992, 1997, 2003/04, 2008/09, 2011)
- Malawi (1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2010, 2012)
- Maldives (2009)
- Mali (1987, 1995/96, 2001, 2006, 2010)
- Mauritania (2000/01, 2003/04) (restricted)
- Mexico (1987)
- Moldova (2005)
- Morocco (1987, 1992, 1995, 2003/04)
- Mozambique (1997, 2003, 2009, 2011)
- Namibia (1992, 2000, 2006/07)
- Nepal (1987, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011)
- Nicaragua (1998, 2001)
- Niger (1992, 1998, 2006)
- Nigeria (1990, 1999, 2003, 2008, 2010)
- Nigeria (Ondo State) (1986)
- Pakistan (1990/91, 2006/07)
- Paraguay (1990)
- Peru (1986, 1991/92, 1996, 2000, 2004-2008)
- Philippines (1993, 1998, 2003, 2008)
- Rwanda (1992, 2000, 2005, 2007/08, 2010, 2011)
- Sao Tome and Principe (2008/09)
- Senegal (1986, 1992/93, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008/09, 2010/11)
- Sierra Leone (2008)
- South Africa (1998)
- Sri Lanka (1987)
- Sudan (1989/90)
- Swaziland (2006/07)
- Tanzania (1991/92, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003-2005, 2007/08, 2010-2012)
- Thailand (1987)
- Timor Leste (2009)
- Togo (1988, 1998)
- Trinidad and Tobago (1987)
- Tunisia (1988)
- Turkey (1993, 1998, 2003)
- Turkmenistan (2000)
- Uganda (1988/89, 1995/96, 2000/01, 2004/05 (restricted), 2006, 2009, 2011)
- Ukraine (2007)
- Uzbekistan (1996, 2002)
- Vietnam (1997, 2002, 2005)
- Yemen (1991/92, 1997(restricted))
- Zambia (1992, 1996, 2001/02, 2007)
- Zimbabwe (1988, 1994, 1999, 2005/06, 2010/11)
- Determinants of Aid in the Post-Cold War Era
Estimates the responsiveness of aid to recipient countries' economic and physical needs, civil/political rights, and government effectiveness. Looks exclusively at the post-Cold War era and use fixed effects to control for the political, strategic, and other considerations of donors. Finds that aid and per capita income have been negatively related, while aid has been positively related to infant mortality, rights, and government effectiveness.
- DevInfo BiH
Contains key socio-economic indicators for Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). 2 databases are included: (1) Social Welfare 2003-2008, with data on beneficiaries, measures and services of social welfare as well as data on social welfare institutions and their employees for 2003-2008, and (2) BiH in Numbers 2010, with selected data on demographic, social and economic trends in BiH.
- DevInfo Moldova
Contains key socio-economic indicators for Moldova.
- DevInfo Serbia
Contains official statistics for monitoring the global and national Millennium Development Goals, as well as social inclusion and poverty reduction for the Republic of Serbia.
- EM-DAT : the International Disaster Database
Essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present.
- Eurobarometer Survey Series. 1970+
Large set of surveys measuring public opinion in the countries of the European Union, on a wide variety of topics. Also see the Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File.
Eurobarometer Question Search allows one to find if and when a topic was covered on the Eurobarometer surveys. Also includes a topical guide. Also see GESIS-ZACAT which includes a large number of EuroBarometer surveys and others and allows online analysis as well as access to microdatafiles (free registration is required).
- European Company Survey (ECS)
Large-scale representative survey among establishments in the European Union (EU). Carried out every 4 years. Examines a range of issues, such as working time, work-life balance, and the development of social dialogue in companies. Aims to map working time policies and practices at the level of the establishment in the EU, to survey the views of the different actors at establishment level on these policies and practices, and to provide policy makers with a picture of the main issues and developments in the field. The first company survey in the series was known as the Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance, 2004-2005. The 2nd survey has taken on the new title of the European Company Survey, 2009. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- European Election Database (1990+)
Publishes regional election results according to the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), level 1 to 3. The data available make it possible to compare and contrast election results across countries and regions and conduct comparisons over time. As most of the data sets are aggregated to correspond with the Eus NUTS definition, it facilitates studies that incorporate additional statistical measures as demography, labor market, etc. Includes parliamentary and presidential elections as well as EU elections and EU-related referendums.
- European Quality of Life Survey (2003, 2007)
Representative, questionnaire-based household survey series. Represents an ambitious attempt to explore quality of life in a wide range of European countries. It is a major source of information, highlighting the challenges the EU faces in the light of recent enlargement. Enables an accurate picture of the social situation in the enlarged EU to be drawn, a picture that includes both objective and subjective elements. At the same time, it should be noted that there are some limitations to the data. While the sample sizes of around 1,000 per country provide a general population profile, they are too small to allow for detailed analysis of sub-groups, such as immigrants or single-parent families. Furthermore, although the wide range of topics covered by the survey is on the one hand a clear advantage, it also means that none of the topics could be treated in great depth. Some of the dimensions are measured with a narrower set of indicators than one would use in highly specialised surveys. However, the strength of the survey is that it provides a synthesis of information on the main aspects of quality of life, both objective and subjective. Sampled adults (aged 18 years & over) resident in 2003: the 25 EU countries, plus Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey; 2007: the 27 EU countries, plus Croatia, Macedonia, Norway and Turkey. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Summary results are available for 2012.
- European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) (1995+)
Study of adolescent substance use in Europe from a comparative and longitudinal perspective. Collects comparable data on the use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among students throughout European countries. Reports are in the form of summary statistics. Conduced every 4 years.
- European Social Survey (ESS)
Biennial multi-country survey covering over 30 nations. The1st round was fielded in 2002/2003, the 5th in 2010/2011.
- European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics
- European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Information Portal
Provides access to relevant information and data in the fields of fundamental rights in context of the European Union and its Member States. At the moment the Infoportal holds a sizeable collection of writing on racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and related intolerances.
- European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) (1991+)
The aim is to provide an overview of the state of working conditions in the European Union, to identify major issues and changes affecting the workplace and to contribute to a better monitoring of the quality of work and employment in Europe.
To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Wide variety of economic and social indicators, nationally and regionally, for the European Union and its member states from the Statistical Office of the European Communities.
- Eurostat International Migration and Asylum Database
- Fertility and Family Surveys (FFS)
Conducted in the 1990s in selected Member States of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Also includes Canada and New Zealand. Includes tabular data for member nations. For microdata, must apply directly to the program.
- Five Decades of Terrorism in Europe: The Tweed Dataset
Information on events related to internal terrorism in 18 Western European countries from 1950-2004.
- Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.
- Generations and Gender Surveys
Panel survey of a nationally representative sample of 18-79 year-old resident population in each participating country with at least 3 panel waves and an interval of 3 years between each wave. Includes a separate contextual database that is organized around central topics closely linked to the program. The variables describe variations of context over time and among regions that are believed to have an impact on the behaviors and relations that constitute the key dependent variables of the survey: fertility, partnership, transition to adulthood, economic activity as well as the intergenerational and gender relations between people expressed e.g. in care relations or the organization of paid and unpaid work. The data include statistical norms, legal norms and regulations, measures of welfare state policies and institutions as well as general economic and cultural indicators. Registration is required.
- Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Adult Population Survey Data Set, 1998-2003
Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries.
- Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM): Expert Questionnaire Data, 1999-2003
Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries. Seeks to measure the national attributes considered critical for new firm births and small firm growth.
Sample Size: 4,685 experts from over 38 countries and 3 subnational regions: Hong Kong, Shenzhen (China), and Taiwan.
- Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) Database (2011+)
Measures how people around the world - including the poor, women, and rural residents - manage their day-to-day finances and plan for the future. Expected to be conducted every 3 years. First round included 140 countries.
- Global Terrorism Database II, 1998-2004
Undertaken to address the fact that there is little robust empirical analysis of terrorism. The two primary reasons for this problem included insufficient temporal and spatial coverage of available data, and a lack of public availability of terrorism data. Due to this lack of available empirical data regarding terrorism, the researchers sought to code and verify a previously unavailable dataset composed of terrorist events recorded for the entire world from 1998 through 2004. The goal was to create a comprehensive and sound data set on global terrorism that can be used to derive methodologically robust insights into the phenomenon of terrorism and how to counter it. Not intended to be merged with the Global Terrorism Database, 1970-1997. The data being distributed in this data collection were collected using different methods and often different data definitions. Accordingly, the databases should not be used for direct comparison. Does not examine state terrorism.
- Human Fertility Database (HFD)
Based on one and the same type of initial data - officially registered birth counts by calendar year, mother's age (and/or cohort) and (whenever possible) biological birth order. These data, together with total female population exposure from the Human Mortality Database and parity-specific female population exposure from selected population censuses, population registers, or large-scale surveys are further processed using a uniform set of methods. Major output includes detailed data on births, unconditional and conditional fertility rates, cohort and period fertility tables as well as selected aggregate indicators such as total fertility rates, mean ages at childbearing, and parity progression ratios.
- Human Mortality Database
Detailed mortality and population data. Earliest data for some countries is 1751. Free registration is required.
- ICT Diffusion and Distribution Dataset, 1990-2007
Contains 2 types of indicators for the global distribution of information, communication and technology (ICT) resources. Includes gini coefficients for the distribution of Internet access within countries, and a technology diffusion index that weights the distribution of broadband subscribers, personal computers, mobile phones, Internet users, and international Internet bandwidth by economic output.
- ICTWSS: Database on Institutional Characteristics of Trade Unions, Wage Setting, State Intervention and Social Pacts in 34 countries between 1960 and 2007
Covers 4 key elements of modern political economies in advanced capitalist societies: trade unionism, wage setting, state intervention and social pacts. Contains annual data for Australia; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Canada; Cyprus; the Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Germany; Greece; Finland; France; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; the Netherlands; New Zealand; Malta; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Spain; Slovenia; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; the United Kingdom; the United States.
- Index of Electoral Malpractice, 1995-2006
Aim was to investigate electoral malpractice in new and semi-democracies. Studied the mechanics of electoral malpractice and the frequency of different forms of abuse with reference to the strategic constraints under which political actors operate in different contexts. Also explored the causes and consequences of electoral malpractice. Employed a variety of data, including existing datasets and a new dataset created specifically for this research: the Index of Electoral Malpractice, 1995-2006, constructed on the basis of 136 election observation reports produced between 1995 and 2006 by international election observation missions in 57 states in 3 regions of the world, Latin America, Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union and Sub-Saharan Africa.
(Free registration is required through the UK Data Archive]
- International Adult Literacy Survey 1994-1998 (IALS)
7-country initiative first conducted in the fall of 1994. Its goal: to create comparable literacy profiles across national, linguistic and cultural boundaries. Also offers the world's only
source of comparative data on participation in adult education and training. Since then, a 2nd and a 3rd round of data collection were conducted in an additional 16 countries in 1996 and in 1998. In total, includes literacy data pertaining to 23 countries or regions around the world.
- International Comparative Study on the Management, Productivity, and Effectiveness of Research Teams and Institutions (ICSOPRU), 1971-1989
Aimed to improve the management of research teams and institutions and increase awareness of their responsibility concerning proper application of research results. Concrete objectives were twofold: (1) on the international level, to make widely available comparable facts and experiences concerning the management of research teams and to promote multilateral as well as bilateral cooperation in this field, and (2) on the national level to provide all those concerned (science policy-makers, research managers, scientists, engineers) with substantive information on the state of their national research potential and to encourage them, on the basis of this information compared eventually with similar information from other countries, to take self-corrective actions as needed to improve the level of effectiveness and productivity of the research teams and institutions. 17 countries from Africa, the Arab States, Asia, Europe and Latin America took part. There were 4 stages or rounds of data collection: 6 countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Sweden) in Round 1 (February-September 1974), 6 countries (Argentina, Egypt, India, Republic of Korea [South], Poland, Ukrainian S.S.R.) in Round 2 (June 1978-September 1981), 5 countries (Brazil, India, Nigeria, Spain, Ukrainian S.S.R.) in Round 3 (October 1981-November 1985), and 4 countries (China, Ghana, Hungary, Mexico) in Round 4 (May 1985- June 1987). Each round of questionnaires had different items (except for Rounds 2 and 3 which were the same). Round 1 items included general administrative information relevant to the research units answered by the administrator of the unit, scientific information on the research unit and information relevant to the unit's head answered by the head of the unit, individual information answered by scientists and engineers of the unit, individual information answered by technicians of the unit, and external evaluation of the research units from various scientific and administrative perspectives answered by external evaluators. Rounds 2 and 3 included general information about the research unit answered by the head of the unit, information on the respondent and his or her evaluation of the research unit's management, items on productivity and effectiveness answered by head of the unit along with scientists, engineers, and technicians of the unit, EV-rating of the research unit's effectiveness on a series of dimensions dealing with scientific or social criteria and administrative criteria answered by external evaluators. The 4th round of questionnaires included information on the institutional environment of the research unit answered by the head of the institution, general information on the research unit answered by the head of the unit, information on the respondent and his or her evaluation of the research unit's management, items on productivity and effectiveness answered by the head of the unit, scientists, engineers, and technicians.
- International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) Series
Most far-reaching program of standardized sample surveys to look at a householders' experience with crime, policing, crime prevention, and feelings of insecurity in a large number of nations. It also allows for analysis of how risks of crime vary among different groups of populations across social and demographic lines.
- Wave 1 - 1989 - 17 cities or countries
- Wave 2 - 1992 - 28 cities or countries
- Wave 3 - 1996/1997 - 45 cities or countries
- Wave 4 - 2000/2001 - 39 cities or countries
- Wave 5 - 2004/2005 - over 35 cities or countries
Sample Size: Generally, 1,000 - 2,000 households from each participating country.
- International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Datasets
In collaboration with institutions throughout the world, IFPRI is often involved in the collection of primary data and the compilation and processing of secondary data. The resulting datasets provide a wealth of information at the local (household and community), national, and global levels. Includes geospatial data, household and community-level surveys, institution-level surveys, regional data, and social accounting matrices. Datasets must be requested from IFPRI.
- International Military Intervention (1946-2005)
Updates International Military Intervention (IMI), 1946-1988. This newer study documents 447 intervention events from 1989 to 2005. To ensure consistency across the full 1946-2005 time span, the original coding procedures were followed. The data collection thus "documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states" in the international system). "Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute". As with the original IMI (OIMI) collection, the 1989-2005 dataset includes information on actor and target states, as well as starting and ending dates. It also includes a categorical variable describing the direction of the intervention, i.e., whether it was launched in support of the target government, in opposition to the target government, or against some third party actor within the target state's borders. The intensity of the military intervention is captured in ordinal variables that document the scale of the actor's involvement, "ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, act of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling or bombing". Casualties that are a direct result of the military intervention are coded as well. A novel aspect of IMI is the inclusion of a series of variables designed to ascertain the motivations or issues that prompted the actor to intervene, including to take sides in a domestic dispute in the target state, to affect target state policy, to protect a socio-ethnic or minority group, to attack rebels in sanctuaries in the target state, to protect economic or resource interests, to intervene for strategic purposes, to lend humanitarian aid, to acquire territory or to dispute its ownership, and to protect its own military/diplomatic interests. The variable, civilian casualties, which complements IMI's information on the casualties suffered by actor and target military personnel has been added. OIMI variables on colonial history, previous intervention, alliance partners, alignment of the target, power size of the intervener, and power size of the target have been deleted.
- International Religious Freedom Data (2001, 2003, 2005, 2008)
Contains aggregate measures from U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Reports. This coding produced data on 196 different countries and territories but excluded the United States. Also includes 3 indexes calculated from these data: Government Regulation of Religion index, Social Regulation of Religion index, Government Favoritism of Religion index. Part of the Association of Religion Data Archives. 2008 is found separately.
- International Social Justice Project, 1991 and 1996
The International Social Justice Project is a collaborative effort among 12 countries to conduct a comparative study of popular perceptions of economic and social justice in advanced industrialized nations. The countries participating in the study include Bulgaria, Czec Republic (Czechoslovakia for 1991), Germany (West Germany, and East Germany during its transition toward a democracy), Estonia, Great Britain, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, and the United States. Focused on normative social justice concepts such as entitlement, equality of economic opportunity, and reward distribution. Provides analysis of normative justice at a micro level, involving respondents' evaluation of justice or rewards received by individuals and small groups, and at a macro level, through the evaluation of fairness of reward distribution at the aggregate or societal level. Variables in the dataset include demographic characteristics of the respondent, such as age, sex, marital status, education, and occupation, actual and desired income, what factors respondents believe determine level of pay and their fairness, dependence on pension or social welfare programs, satisfaction with the sociopolitical system, perceived and/or preferred role of the government in job allocation, and standard of living.
- International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (1985+)
1998-2007 is also available in an easy to use comparative program. For the latest see the site's web page. A listing of modules performed through 2012 as well as plans for 2013- 2014 is available (including questionnaires for
not-yet-released years). Ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. Every survey includes questions about general attitudes toward various social issues such as the legal system, sex, and the economy. Special topics have included the environment, the role of government, social inequality, social support, family and gender issues, work orientation, the impact of religious background, behavior, and beliefs on social and political preferences, and national identity. Participating countries vary for each topical module. For 2009, see the GESIS site.
- LAPOP - Latin American Public Opinion Project
Surveys analyzing citizen views on system support, political tolerance, citizen participation, local government, corruption, and views on authoritarianism for Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela as well as for Albania, Israel, and Madagascar.
- Law, Finance and Development Indices, 1970-2005
Examined the links between legal systems and economic development, focusing on the relationship between law and finance. New datasets were created, charting legal change over time in the areas of shareholder protection, creditor protection and labour regulation. Indices with up to 60 indicators were used to code for the law of five significant countries (France, Germany, India, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) for 36 years (1970-2005), and reduced-form indices of 10-12 indicators to code for a wider sample (25 countries) for the period 1995-2005. Main topics covered include: law and finance, corporate governance, economic development, legal origin, comparative law, varieties of capitalism, shareholder protection, creditor protection, labour regulation, stock market development and labour market flexibility. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Lijphart Elections Archive
Static research collection of district level election results for approximately 350 national legislative elections in 26 countries that was maintained through 2003.
- Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) household surveys
Established by the World Bank in 1980 to explore ways of improving the type and quality of household data collected by government statistical offices in developing countries. Objectives were to develop new methods for monitoring progress in raising levels of living, to identify the consequences for households of current and proposed government policies, and to improve communications between survey statisticians, analysts, and policymakers. Surveys have been conducted in more than two dozen countries.
Data is available for download from the web site for:
- Albania 1996 (requires permission), 2002-2005, 2008
- Azerbaijan 1995
- Bosnia and Herzegovina 2001-2004
- Brazil 1996-1997
- Bulgaria 1995, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2007
- China 1995, 1997
- Cote d'Ivoire 1985-1988
- Guatemala 2000
- India 1997-1998
- Iraq 2006-2007
- Yugoslavia- Kosovo 2000
- Kyrgyz Republic 1993, 1996-1998
- Nicaragua 1993, 1998-1999, 2001, 2005
- Niger 2011
- Nigeria 2010-2011
- Panama 1997, 2003, 2008
- Papua New Guinea 1996
- Peru 1985, 1990-1991, 1994
- Serbia 2002, 2003, 2007
- South Africa 1993
- Tajikistan 1999, 2003, 2007, 2009
- Tanzania 1991-1994, 2004, 2008-2011
- Timor Leste 2001, 2007
- Uganda 2010-2011
Surveys have been done in other countries but procedures for obtaining the data vary.
- Armenia 1996
- Ecuador 1994,1995,1998
- Ghana 1987-1989, 1991-1992, 1998-1999, 2005-2006
- Guyana 1992-1993
- Jamaica 1988-2000
- Kazakhstan 1996
- Malawi 2004-2005 (restricted), 2010-2011 (unrestricted)
- Morocco 1991
- Nepal 1996, 2003-2004, 2010-2011
- Pakistan 1991
- Romania 1994-1995
- Viet Nam 1992-1993, 1997-1998, 2002-2004
- Luxembourg Income Studies (LIS)
Household income surveys involving 45 countries. Also available are the Luxembourg Employment Study, a database containing data on labor force characteristics for 16 countries (ceased in 2000 and incorporated into LIS), and the Luxembourg Wealth Study, a database containing data on household wealth in 12 countries. Users must register to gain access, but registration is free for academic use. For variables in the LIS and LWS over time see their web sites.
- Manifesto Project Database
Deals with different aspects of political party performance as well as the structure and development of party systems. Based on quantitative content analyses of parties' election programs from more than 50 countries covering all free, democratic elections since 1945.
- Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File, 1970-2002
Combined the most important trend questions of the Eurobarometer surveys conducted between 1970 and 2002. Consists of 105 trend questions asked at least 5 times in standard Eurobarometer surveys. A total of 1,134,384 respondents from 15 European Union member nations (initially, 6 European Community nations) plus Norway in some years were interviewed in these surveys. The cumulative trend questions concentrated on the respondents' knowledge and opinions of the European Community (EC)/European Union (EU). Respondents were asked for their opinion regarding European unification and whether or not they were satisfied with the speed of regional integration. Respondents were also asked to describe their sentiments with respect to citizenship and whether they identified themselves more as a citizen of their home country or as a citizen of Europe. Also asked questions regarding EC/EU institutions such as the European Parliament (EP), the European Commission, the European Court of Justice, and the European Central Bank, among others. Respondents were asked whether they had heard about EC/EU institutions, the importance of these institutions, and whether or not they believed these institutions to be trustworthy. Addressed several other issues of economy, society, and polity including the overall state of the economy in the EU and its individual member states, the respondents' overall satisfaction with their lives, whether certain policy decisions should be made at the EU or national level, the importance of European Parliamentary elections, recent voting behavior, voter intentions, party preferences, whether respondents discussed political matters, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Respondents were asked how closely they followed various news and by which media they received the news, how much they supported different types of political and social movements, and what they believed was the probability of strikes and world war in the next 10 years. Demographic and other background information collected included the respondents' age, gender, and marital status, the number of people residing in the household, the number of children under 15 in the household, respondent's age at completion of education, left-right political self-placement, occupation, religion, subjective social class, political party affiliation, trade union membership, household income, region of residence, and subjective size of community.
- Manpower Employment Outlook Survey (1st Quarter 2007+)
Indicator of hiring activity for the next quarter. The forecast includes responses from over 65,000 employers in 42 countries and covers the world's major labor markets.
- Market for Migrant Domestic and Sex Workers, 2002-2006
Explored attitudes towards, and experience of, the markets for migrant domestic and sex workers in the Czech Republic, Hong Hong, Spain, Thailand, and the UK through a combination of interview and survey research. Interviews were structured around a standard set of topics, and examined respondents' attitudes towards gender, race/ethnicity, age, and domestic work/commercial sex. It aimed to examine continuities and discontinuities between domestic work and sex work, paying particular attention to the role of the social/cultural imagination in constructing a market for migrant workers and questions about how this demand relates to broader socially tolerated attitudes towards race, gender, age and sexuality, and to make a contribution to current theorizing on gender, nationality, global interdependence, age, racial/ethnic identities and the complex intersections among these systems. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Mathematics Teaching in the 21st Century
Cross-national study of the preparation of middle school mathematics teachers. Countries participating included Chinese Taipei (Taiwan), South Korea (Korea), Bulgaria, Germany, Mexico, and the United States. Data were collected from teachers in their first and last year of preparation by sampling institutions in each country. Future teachers were asked about their backgrounds, course-taking and program activities, knowledge relevant to their teaching (mathematical and pedagogical), and beliefs and perspectives on content and pedagogy.
- Measurement of Cross-cutting Cleavages and Other Multidimensional Cleavage Structures
Contains 69 new indices for race, ethnicity, language, religion, income, and geography.
- Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1945+)
Tracks 283 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. Focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have "political significance" in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. Political significance is determined by: (1) The group collectively suffers, or benefits from, systematic discriminatory treatment vis-a-vis other groups in a society and (2) The group is the basis for political mobilization and collective action in defense or promotion of its self-defined interests.
- New Baltic Barometer (1993+)
Each survey uses a questionnaire with innovative indicators specially relevant in transition societies: support for democracy and undemocratic alternatives; corruption; attitudes to enlarging Europe; coping with a multiplicity of economies, monetized and non-monetized; relative affluence and destitution; and demographics: age, education, gender, urban/rural residence, etc. Includes Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. For more information, see the CSPP pages.
- New Europe Barometer (1991+)
Each survey uses a questionnaire with innovative indicators specially relevant in transition societies: support for democracy and undemocratic alternatives; corruption; attitudes to enlarging Europe; coping with a multiplicity of economies, monetized and non-monetized; relative affluence and destitution; and demographics: age, education, gender, urban/rural residence, etc. Includes Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Bulgaria, and Romania. For more information, see the CSPP pages.
- New Russia Barometer (1992+)
Each survey uses a questionnaire with innovative indicators specially relevant in transition societies: support for democracy and undemocratic alternatives; corruption; attitudes to enlarging Europe; coping with a multiplicity of economies, monetized and non-monetized; relative affluence and destitution; and demographics: age, education, gender, urban/rural residence, etc. Includes Russia, Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine. For more information, see the CSPP pages.
- Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) Database
Contains occupational wage data for 161 occupations in 171 countries from 1983 to 2008.
- Party Variation in Religiosity and Women's Leadership: A Cross-National Perspective, 2008-2010
Compiled with the goal of looking beyond the national domestic level into individual party-level explanations for women's political leadership. Consists of 2 parts which analyze the party level for women's ascendancy to political leadership. Part 1 focuses on an aggregate of 25 non-randomly selected countries, Part 2 focuses on Lebanon. The study records the level of religiosity of political parties, where it refers to religious components in the party's political platforms or the extent to which religion penetrates a party's political agendas. Both datasets examine party variation in religiosity, party structure, respondents' station within a parties' decision-making inner structures, and other party-level characteristics that may impact women's leadership in various political parties. Additional variables include identifiers for Muslim, Arab, and European states, level of secularism, election design, party design, and age of party.
- Pew Global Attitudes Project
Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.
- Polish and Lithuanian Workers: Opportunities and Challenges for Trade Unions, 2004-2006
Surveyed Polish and Lithuanian nationals working in the UK who had requested Trades Union Congress leaflets on employment rights and the role of trades unions. Explored the kinds of difficulties experienced by Polish and Lithuanian workers in the UK labor market, and their potential for joining trades unions. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Political Events Project, 1948-1965
Contains data on 6,754 political instability events in 84 selected nations in the period 1948-1965. These data, which permit measurement of political instability and the correlates of internal conflict behavior, are concerned with conflict directed by groups and individuals in the prevailing political system against other groups or persons, and with uncovering the determinants of stability within all national political systems. The variables in the dataset are divided into four basic types: variables that identify events, classify events, describe events, and evaluate events. The study provides a conflict intensity rating for each event. Political instability events are classified from low to high and include institutionally prescribed elections, the fall of cabinets, martial laws, assassinations of significant group leaders, mass arrests, coup d'etats, and civil wars.
- Politics Resarch Guide. Election data below the constituency level.
Research guide to election statistics at low levels of geography for Australia, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Europe, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.
- Polling the Nations
Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.
- Prime Ministerial Power in 22 Countries, 1980-2000
Offers a measure of prime ministerial power to set government policy in 22 countries with established parliamentary democracies. Comprises variables relating to the power of prime ministers including an index of prime ministerial power, which consists of a quantitative score of the power of individually named prime ministers in their different terms based on an expert survey conducted in 2001-2003. The expert survey included questions in regard to the prime minister's degree of freedom in selecting cabinet ministers, moving or removing the cabinet ministers, and calling an election when desired. In addition, respondents were queried about the prime minister's ability to influence the cabinet agenda and the policy output of the current government, and the degree of government control over the parliament agenda. Additional variables in the data examined the political and institutional resources available to the prime ministers, of which the following topics were explored: the composition of the cabinet and prime minister's party, rate of government survival, strength of prime minister's party in the parliament, impact of the opposition party on policy, score of leadership influence, policy diversity in government, and government's ideological complexion.
- Public Understanding of Science in Europe 1989-2005 - A Eurobarometer Trend File
The cumulative dataset harmonizes and integrates selected long trends on public understanding of science derived from 5 Eurobarometer surveys: Eurobarometer 31, March-April 1989; Eurobarometer 38.1, November 1992; Eurobarometer 55.2, May-June 2001; Candidate Countries EB 2002.3, October-November 2002; and Eurobarometer 63.1, January-February 2005. The study includes 97 variables, including trends on knowledge about, engagement with and attitudes towards science and technology plus relevant demographics. The cumultive file can be ordered through GESIS.
- Roll Call Votes in the European Parliament (1979-2009)
Record of how each member of the European Parliament voted.
- Social Exclusion, Spaces of Household Economic Practice and Post-Socialism, 1989-2006
Examines the ways in which households & individuals negotiate and cope with forms of social exclusion emerging from the introduction of the market economy in central European cities. Examines the strategies adopted by households & individuals, how they link informal & formal economic activities, and how they are constituted differently in contrasting geographical contexts. The purpose of the research is to provide policy-relevant results to inform discussions of social policy within the context of European Union enlargement and to contribute to theoretical debates concerning how the emergent economies of post-socialism is understood. Involves a comparative study of the resources and strategies employed by households and individuals in 2 urban communities (in Bratislava, Slovakia and Krakow, Poland). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Statistical Yearbook of the Slovak Republic (1997-1998, 2000-2002, 2004, 2006-2012
Also in paper (Firestone HA1197.S5 S738; current edition in DSS) 1993+. 1996+ also on Web.
- Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009)
Includes data for 49 countries. Dates vary by country but range from 1980-2009.
Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009) (Electronic File)
Producer: International Labor Office
- Status of Older Persons in Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Countries, Census Microdata Samples
Formerly called Dynamics of Population Aging in ECE Countries. Assembles a set of cross-nationally comparable microdata samples for Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) countries based on the 1990 national population and housing censuses in countries of Europe and North America to study the social and economic conditions of older persons. These samples have been designed to allow research on a wide range of issues related to aging, as well as on other social phenomena. Includes Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Turkey.
- Surveys of Members of the European Parliament, 2000 and 2006
The most significant change in the institutional structure of European governance over the past 2 decades has been the increased power of the European Parliament (EP). Given the Parliament's growing influence and the dramatic EU enlargement in 2004, it has become increasingly important to monitor the attitudes and behavior of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from different member states. The European Parliament Research Group (EPRG) conducted two surveys of MEPs in 2000 and 2006. The 2000 survey was conducted in October-December 2000 and surveyed MEPs of the 5th European Parliament (1999-2004). The 2006 survey was conducted in March-June 2006 and surveyed MEPs of the 6th European Parliament (2004-09). Includes the following categories of questions: personal details (member state, date first elected to EP, previous political experience), electoral systems and candidate selection, campaigning aims and activities
attitudes/behavior relating to representation, behavior in committees and voting in the Parliament, general political attitudes, attitudes towards specific EU policies, and attitudes towards EU institutional reform. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Transatlantic Trends Survey Series (2003+)
Aim is to identify the attitudes of the public in the United States and in 12 European countries towards foreign policy issues and transatlantic issues. Each year, participants have been asked their views on each other and on global threats, foreign policy objectives, world leadership, and multilateral institutions. This study is a follow-on to Worldviews 2002: American and European Public Opinion on Foreign Policy. Periodically asks about views on immigration.
- UNDP Vulnerable Groups in Central and South Eastern Europe
Quantitative data on the socioeconomic status of vulnerable groups such as the Roma, internally displaced persons and refugees in Central and Southeastern Europe.
- United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal
Collects data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. Results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The surveys were started in 1977, covering 5-year intervals from 1970-1994. Starting in 1995 surveys cover 2 or 3 year intervals. Data may also be accessed through ICPSR.
- Universal Database of Statistics
Statistical publications from Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. 1900+.
- University of Texas Inequality Project
Project concerned with measuring and explaining movements of inequality in wages and earnings and patterns of industrial change around the world. National and regional inequality data for Argentina, Brazil, China, Cuba, Europe, India, Russia, and the United States. National and industrial inequality data for Taiwan.
- Voice of the People Series (2005+)
Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.
- Women in Development Series (1979-1980, 1983)
Series of studies on women in development in 1970 with data drawn primarily from national censuses, surveys, statistical abstracts, and international statistical compendia. References are also made in some cases to evaluative studies conducted by individual researchers, research teams, and the staff of the International Demographic Data Center of the Bureau. These data constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The aim of this data series was to provide a reliable, up-to-date, accessible database on women in development which can illuminate the discrepancies in the roles and status of women against those of men throughout the world in order to serve as a basis for the promotion of both intranational and international parity between the sexes. The studies that comprise the Women in Development series consist of national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socio-economic variables. Wherever possible, the data are broken down by age and urban/rural residence to facilitate further analysis. The series is cumulative and the data are presented in basic tabular format. Initially, the data tables were compiled for 69 developing nations from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Near East that were recipients of the United States Agency for International Development aid. The first collection, Women in Development, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8053), included all the aid-recipient nations regardless of population size. Subsequently, data were compiled for all remaining nations of the world with a population of five million or more, and statistics for the original nations were updated to reflect more recent information. The second collection in the series, Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155), covered approximately 120 nations from Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Near East, North America, Europe, and the Soviet Union.
- Women in National Parliaments (1997+)
World and regional averages of the percentage of women in national parliaments.
- World Contraceptive Use (2010)
Includes trends on contraceptive prevalence and unmet needs for family planning. 2012 is found on the UN Site.
- World Database of Happiness: States of Nations
Includes summary information from social surveys indicating levels of happiness in about 95 countries around the world, along with data on possible causal factors. Includes state level measures for the USA.
- World Development Indicators
Development indicators from the World Bank. Covers population, education, health, aid, poverty and environmental indicators for 208 countries.
- World Event/Interaction Survey (WEIS) Project, 1966-1978
Record of the flow of action and response between countries (as well as non-governmental actors, e.g., NATO) reflected in public events reported daily in the New York Times from January 1966 through December 1978. The unit of analysis in the dataset is the event/interaction, referring to words and deeds communicated between nations, such as threats of military force. Each event/interaction is a daily report of an international event. Coded for each event are the actor, target, date, action category, and arena. Also provided are brief textual descriptions for each event.
Sample Size: 98,043 events
- World Fertility Data (2006, 2008)
Data on fertility and marriage for 192 countries. The indicators are selected in such a way as to present a concise picture of reproductive behavior from both period and cohort perspectives. The data are compiled from civil registration, population censuses and nationally representative sample surveys. The basic criterion for inclusion of data is its reliability. No attempts were made to estimate missing data. For each country, available data are presented for 2 dates. An earlier date was centered on 1970 and the most recent on 2000 or later. In cases where data for 1970 are not available, the closest date is selected from within the 1960-1985 period. For the later date, the most recent available estimate since 1986 is selected. Reference dates were chosen on the basis of two criteria: the database should contain most recent available data and the benchmark data that should correspond to the beginning of sustained fertility decline in most parts of the world. 2012 is found on the UN site.
- World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Data.
Collection of databases for Europe and Israel containing indicators on health, mortality, hospital morbidity, infectious diseases, alcohol control, nutrition policy, prison health, and tobacco control.
- World Income Inequality Database
The UNU/WIDER World Income Inequality Database (WIID) collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries.
- World Marriage Data (2006, 2008)
Contains data on marriage for 192 countries. Indicators are selected in such a way as to present a concise picture of marital behavior from both period & cohort perspectives. Data are compiled from civil registration, population censuses and nationally representative sample surveys. The basic criterion for inclusion of data is its reliability. No attempts were made to estimate missing data. For each country, marital statuses and period indicators are presented for 2 dates. An earlier date was centered on 1970 and the most recent on 2000 or later. In cases where data for 1970 are not available, the closest date is selected from within the 1960-1985 period. For the later date, the most recent available estimate since 1986 is selected. Reference dates were chosen on the basis of two criteria: the database should contain most recent available data and the benchmark data that should correspond to the beginning of sustained fertility decline in most parts of the world. 2012 is found on the UN site.
- World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series (1961-1993)
Worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending.
- World Mortality Report (2011)
Includes death rates, infant mortality, under age 5 mortality, life expectancy, and probability of dying between ages 15 and 60. Some data goes back to 1950 with projections to 2015.
- World Population Prospects (2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010 revisions)
Comprehensive set of demographic indicators for 1950-2050. Includes measures of fertility, life expectancy, migration, and measures of the impact of HIV/AIDS. 2010 folder includes "Probabilistic Projections" and "Special Aggregates".
- World Public Opinion.org
Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.
- World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database (16th. Ed. - 2012)
Contains time series data for 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from 1975-2011 for around 140 different telecommunication and ICT statistics covering the telecommunication network and ICT uptake, mobile services, quality of service, traffic, staff, tariffs, revenue and investment. Data for over 200 economies are available.
- World Top Incomes Database
Provides distribution of top incomes for many nations.
- World Values Survey and European Values Study. (1981+).
Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Data is also contained in the UKDA. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. For more on the European Values Study and the World Values Survey, see their homepages
This page last updated: October 21, 2009