Finding Data: Data on Africa
ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF
- Selected Resources for: Benin
:: Burkina Faso
- Selected Resources for: Chad
:: Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Selected Resources for: Ethiopia
:: Guinea Bissau
- Selected Resources for: Kenya
- Selected Resources for: Malawi
- Selected Resources for: Niger
- Selected Resources for: Sierra Leone
:: South Africa
- Selected Resources for: Swaziland
- Selected Resources for: Zambia
- 10 Million International Dyadic Events
News report events related to political retaliation, world news, economic change, and catastrophes.
10 Million International Dyadic Events (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Gary King and Will Lowe.
- Africa - What Does Aid to Africa Finance? 1970-1996
If a donor gives aid for a project that the recipient government would have undertaken anyway, then the aid is financing some expenditure other than the intended project. The notion that aid in this sense may be "fungible," while long recognized, has recently been receiving some empirical support. Focuses on Sub-Saharan Africa - the region with the largest GDP share of aid and presents results that indicate that aid may be partially fungible, and suggests some reasons why. This database contains data used for the analysis. Includes data from Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Nigeria, Sudan, Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- African Foreign Relations and Internal Conflict Analysis (AFRICA) Project, 1964-1966
Data on 14,669 foreign policy acts of 32 sub-Saharan African nations in the period 1964-1966. Acts are defined as official verbal or physical behavior from an African nation toward any other (including non-African) nation, leader, international organization, or group of states. These are further categorized into conflictual or cooperative acts. For each act, information provided includes actor, date, target, setting, WEIS action category, and type of foreign policy instrument used.
Independent, nonpartisan research project that measures the social, political and economic atmosphere in Africa. During Round I (July 1999-June 2001), Afrobarometer surveys were conducted in 12 countries. Round 2 surveys were conducted from May 2002 through October 2003 in 16 countries. (Zimbabwe survey was carried out in April & May 2004).
Round 3 surveys were conducted in 18 countries from March 2005 through February 2006.
Round 4 surveys took place in 20 countries between March 2008 and June 2009. Round 5 surveys took place in 35 countries between 2011 and September 2013. Round 6 surveys began in March 2014. Survey microdata is released to the public 2 years after the first publication of a survey's results. The official site may be more up to date and includes an online analysis tool. See the coverage by country chart.
Sample Size: Generally, 1,200 or 2,400 adult citizens in each participating country.
- Arab Barometer
Multi-country social survey designed to assess citizen attitudes about public affairs, governance, and social policy in the Arab world, and to identify factors that shape these attitudes and values. Seeks public opinion on such topics as: support for democratic institutions, political interest and participation, attitudes toward terrorism and political violence, conceptions and interpretations of Islam, the relationship between religion and politics, and attitudes toward Middle East international relations. ICPSR has 2006-2007 and 2010-2011.
- Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.
- Black Africa Handbook
Data on the political, social, economic, religious, ecological, and demographic characteristics of 32 Black African nations in the late 1950s and 1960s.
- Cape Verde Info
Contains key socio-economic data indicators for Cape Verde.
- Carnegie Middle East Governance and Islam Dataset, 1988-2010
Includes both individual-level and country-level variables. Data on individual-level variables are drawn from 35 surveys carried out in 12 Arab countries, Turkey, and Iran. Taken together, a total of 56,178 men and women were surveyed. Most of the surveys were carried out either as the first wave of the Arab Barometer, the 3rd, 4th, and 5th waves of the World Values Survey, or a project on attitudes related to governance carried out by Mark Tessler with funding from the National Science Foundation. Also includes 4 earlier surveys, as well as variables based on 34 time-specific country-level characteristics, for example, Freedom House political freedom ratings; labor force attributes compiled by the World Bank, the United Nations and others; natural resource rents, also complied by the World Bank; ratings on the United Nations Human Development Index; freedom of religion indices developed by the United States State Department; and linguistic, ethnic and religious fractionalization indices compiled in a private research project. Demographic variables include age, sex, education, employment status, marital status, religion, and income.
- Climate Change and African Political Stability
Analyzes how climate change, conflict, governance, and aid intersect to impact African and international security. Includes mapping tools, a climate vulnerability model, and the following datasets: Social Conflict Analysis Database (SCAD) (includes Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean). , Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset (ACLED) , Malawi Geocoded and Climate Aid Dataset, and the Sub-National African Education and Infrastructure Access Data.
- Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976
Contains information gathered in 5 annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies. Was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. Data includes assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include 4 additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied.
- Complex Emergency Database (CE-DAT)
Database of mortality and malnutrition rates - the most commonly used public health indicators of the severity of a humanitarian crisis. Subnational data is included for some countries.
- Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA)
Repository of detailed results - including votes received by each candidate/party, total votes cast, number of eligible voters, and seat figures where available - at a constituency level for the lower house legislative elections that have been conducted around the world. The
dataset and documentation currently include 1,098 elections from 73 countries. Future releases are being planned that will include more countries & additional elections. Data available in SAS, STATA, SPSS, and raw data formats.
- Correlates of War (1816+)
Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.
- Cross-National Statistics on the Causes of Death (1966-1974)
Demographic statistics for the populations of 125 countries or areas throughout the world. Units of analysis are both country and data year. Includes statistics on approximately 50 types of causes of death for males, females, and total populations.
- Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive
Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Often referred to as Bank's Cross National Time Series.
- Data on International Election Monitoring: Three Global Datasets on Election Quality, Election Events and International Election Observation
Focuses on elections and election monitoring throughout the world. Dataset 1, Data on International Election Monitoring (DIEM), codes the assessement and activities of international election monitoring organizations to national-level legislative and presidential elections in 108 countries from 1980-2004. Dataset 2, Quality of Elections Data (QED), codes the quality of national-level legislative and presidential elections in 172 countries from 1978 to 2004. Dataset 3, Supplementary Election Data, includes supplementary information on all direct presidential and legislative elections in 182 countries from 1975-2004.
- Demographic and Health Surveys
Used to evaluate population, health, and nutrition programs. Provides national and sub-national data on family planning, maternal and child health, child survival, HIV/AIDS/sexually transmitted infections (STIs), infectious diseases, reproductive health and nutrition. Microdata is available free of charge by request. First check characteristics and sample sizes. See the model questionnaires. Data is available for:
DHS data are also available through the Minnesota Population Center's Integrated Demographic and Health Series. Registered DHS dataset users can create customized, pre-merged datasets. The current IDHS database includes a subset of variables related to women of childbearing age and incorporates data from 76 samples and 18 countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d"Ivorie, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- Afghanistan (2010)
- Albania (2008/09)
- Angola (2006/07, 2011)
- Armenia (2000, 2005, 2010)
- Azerbaijan (2006)
- Bangladesh (1993/94, 1996/97, 1999-2001, 2004, 2007, 2011)
- Benin (1996, 2001, 2006, 2011/12)
- Bolivia (1989, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2008)
- Botswana (1988) (restricted)
- Brazil (1986, 1991, 1996)
- Burkina Faso (1993, 1998/99. 2003, 2010)
- Burundi (1987, 2010, 2012)
- Cambodia (1998, 2000, 2005, 2010)
- Cameroon (1991, 1998, 2004, 2011)
- Cape Verde (2005)
- Central African Republic (1994/95)
- Chad (1996/97, 2004)
- Colombia (1986, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010)
- Comoros (1996, 2012)
- Congo (Brazzaville) (2005, 2009, 2011/12)
- Congo Democratic Republic (2007, 2013/14)
- Cote d'Ivoire (1994, 1998/99, 2005, 2011/12)
- Dominican Republic (1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2007, 2013)
- Ecuador (1987)
- Egypt (1988, 1992, 1995-1997, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2014)
- El Salvador (1985)
- Eritrea (1995, 2002) (restricted)
- Ethiopia (2000, 2005, 2011)
- Gabon (2000, 2012)
- Gambia (2013]
- Ghana (1988, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2007-2008)
- Guatemala (1987, 1995, 1998/99)
- Guinea (1999, 2005, 2012)
- Guyana (2005, 2009)
- Haiti (1994/95, 2000, 2005/06, 2012, 2013)
- Honduras (2005/06, 2011/12)
- India (19992/93, 1998/99, 2005/06)
- Indonesia (1987, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2002-2003, 2007, 2012)
- Jordan (1990, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2009, 2012)
- Kazakhstan (1995, 1999)
- Kenya (1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008/09)
- Kyrgyz Republic (1997, 2012)
- Lesotho (2004, 2009)
- Liberia (1986, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013)
- Madagascar (1992, 1997, 2003/04, 2008/09, 2011, 2013)
- Malawi (1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2010, 2012, 2013/14)
- Maldives (2009)
- Mali (1987, 1995/96, 2001, 2006, 2010, 2013)
- Mauritania (2000/01, 2003/04) (restricted)
- Mexico (1987)
- Moldova (2005)
- Morocco (1987, 1992, 1995, 2003/04)
- Mozambique (1997, 2003, 2009, 2011)
- Namibia (1992, 2000, 2006/07, 2013)
- Nepal (1987, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011)
- Nicaragua (1998, 2001)
- Niger (1992, 1998, 2006)
- Nigeria (1990, 1999, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2013)
- Nigeria (Ondo State) (1986)
- Pakistan (1990/91, 2006/07, 2012/13)
- Paraguay (1990)
- Peru (1986, 1991/92, 1996, 2000, 2004-2009)
- Philippines (1993, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2013)
- Rwanda (1992, 2000, 2005, 2007/08, 2010, 2011, 2013)
- Sao Tome and Principe (2008/09)
- Senegal (1986, 1992/93, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008/09, 2010/11, 2012/13, 2014)
- Sierra Leone (2008, 2013)
- South Africa (1998)
- Sri Lanka (1987)
- Sudan (1989/90)
- Swaziland (2006/07)
- Tajikstan (2012)
- Tanzania (1991/92, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003-2005, 2007/08, 2010-2012)
- Thailand (1987)
- Timor Leste (2009)
- Togo (1988, 1998, 2013/2014)
- Trinidad and Tobago (1987)
- Tunisia (1988)
- Turkey (1993, 1998, 2003)
- Turkmenistan (2000)
- Uganda (1988/89, 1995/96, 2000/01, 2004/05 (restricted), 2006, 2009, 2011)
- Ukraine (2007)
- Uzbekistan (1996, 2002)
- Vietnam (1997, 2002, 2005)
- Yemen (1991/92, 1997(restricted))
- Zambia (1992, 1996, 2001/02, 2007, 2013/14)
- Zimbabwe (1988, 1994, 1999, 2005/06, 2010/11)
- Determinants of Aid in the Post-Cold War Era
Estimates the responsiveness of aid to recipient countries' economic and physical needs, civil/political rights, and government effectiveness. Looks exclusively at the post-Cold War era and use fixed effects to control for the political, strategic, and other considerations of donors. Finds that aid and per capita income have been negatively related, while aid has been positively related to infant mortality, rights, and government effectiveness.
- Education Statistics (World Bank)
Worldwide data on education from national statistical reports, statistical annexes of new publications, and other data sources. Includes public expenditure data.
- EM-DAT : the International Disaster Database
Essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present.
- Evidence to Action
Evidence to Action (HIV/AIDS)
USAID's global flagship for strengthening family planning and reproductive health service delivery. The project aims to address the reproductive healthcare needs of girls, women, and underserved communities around the world by increasing support, building evidence, and facilitating the scale-up of best practices that improve family planning services.
- Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.
- Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) Database (2011+)
Measures how people around the world - including the poor, women, and rural residents - manage their day-to-day finances and plan for the future. Expected to be conducted every 3 years. First round included 140 countries.
- Global Terrorism Database II, 1998-2004
Undertaken to address the fact that there is little robust empirical analysis of terrorism. The two primary reasons for this problem included insufficient temporal and spatial coverage of available data, and a lack of public availability of terrorism data. Due to this lack of available empirical data regarding terrorism, the researchers sought to code and verify a previously unavailable dataset composed of terrorist events recorded for the entire world from 1998 through 2004. The goal was to create a comprehensive and sound data set on global terrorism that can be used to derive methodologically robust insights into the phenomenon of terrorism and how to counter it. Not intended to be merged with the Global Terrorism Database, 1970-1997. The data being distributed in this data collection were collected using different methods and often different data definitions. Accordingly, the databases should not be used for direct comparison. Does not examine state terrorism. For more recent see the direct website.
- ICT Diffusion and Distribution Dataset, 1990-2007
Contains 2 types of indicators for the global distribution of information, communication and technology (ICT) resources. Includes gini coefficients for the distribution of Internet access within countries, and a technology diffusion index that weights the distribution of broadband subscribers, personal computers, mobile phones, Internet users, and international Internet bandwidth by economic output.
- Index of Electoral Malpractice, 1995-2006
Aim was to investigate electoral malpractice in new and semi-democracies. Studied the mechanics of electoral malpractice and the frequency of different forms of abuse with reference to the strategic constraints under which political actors operate in different contexts. Also explored the causes and consequences of electoral malpractice. Employed a variety of data, including existing datasets and a new dataset created specifically for this research: the Index of Electoral Malpractice, 1995-2006, constructed on the basis of 136 election observation reports produced between 1995 and 2006 by international election observation missions in 57 states in 3 regions of the world, Latin America, Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union and Sub-Saharan Africa.
(Free registration is required through the UK Data Archive]
- Institutional Influences on Turnout in Mixed Member Electoral Systems 1990-2010
What institutional factors influence turnout among mixed member electoral systems? This dataset includes institutional factors within mixed systems as well as co-existing electoral structures for mixed legislative elections from 1990-2010 labeled "Free" or "Partially Free" by Freedom House. In addition, this dataset includes 2 separate measures of turnout: registered and voting age population. Includes: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Lesotho, Lithuania, Macedonia, Mexico,
Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Seychelles, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Ukraine, and Venezuela.
- International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) Series
Most far-reaching program of standardized sample surveys to look at a householders' experience with crime, policing, crime prevention, and feelings of insecurity in a large number of nations. It also allows for analysis of how risks of crime vary among different groups of populations across social and demographic lines.
- Wave 1 - 1989 - 17 cities or countries
- Wave 2 - 1992 - 28 cities or countries
- Wave 3 - 1996/1997 - 45 cities or countries
- Wave 4 - 2000/2001 - 39 cities or countries
Sample Size: Generally, 1,000 - 2,000 households from each participating country.
- International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Datasets
In collaboration with institutions throughout the world, IFPRI is often involved in the collection of primary data and the compilation and processing of secondary data. The resulting datasets provide a wealth of information at the local (household and community), national, and global levels. Includes geospatial data, household and community-level surveys, institution-level surveys, regional data, and social accounting matrices. Datasets must be requested from IFPRI.
- International Military Intervention (1946-2005)
Updates International Military Intervention (IMI), 1946-1988. This newer study documents 447 intervention events from 1989 to 2005. To ensure consistency across the full 1946-2005 time span, the original coding procedures were followed. The data collection thus "documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states" in the international system). "Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute". As with the original IMI (OIMI) collection, the 1989-2005 dataset includes information on actor and target states, as well as starting and ending dates. It also includes a categorical variable describing the direction of the intervention, i.e., whether it was launched in support of the target government, in opposition to the target government, or against some third party actor within the target state's borders. The intensity of the military intervention is captured in ordinal variables that document the scale of the actor's involvement, "ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, act of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling or bombing". Casualties that are a direct result of the military intervention are coded as well. A novel aspect of IMI is the inclusion of a series of variables designed to ascertain the motivations or issues that prompted the actor to intervene, including to take sides in a domestic dispute in the target state, to affect target state policy, to protect a socio-ethnic or minority group, to attack rebels in sanctuaries in the target state, to protect economic or resource interests, to intervene for strategic purposes, to lend humanitarian aid, to acquire territory or to dispute its ownership, and to protect its own military/diplomatic interests. The variable, civilian casualties, which complements IMI's information on the casualties suffered by actor and target military personnel has been added. OIMI variables on colonial history, previous intervention, alliance partners, alignment of the target, power size of the intervener, and power size of the target have been deleted.
- International Religious Freedom Data (2001, 2003, 2005, 2008)
Contains aggregate measures from U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Reports. This coding produced data on 196 different countries and territories but excluded the United States. Also includes 3 indexes calculated from these data: Government Regulation of Religion index, Social Regulation of Religion index, Government Favoritism of Religion index. Part of the Association of Religion Data Archives. 2008 is found separately.
- Lijphart Elections Archive
Static research collection of district level election results for approximately 350 national legislative elections in 26 countries that was maintained through 2003.
- Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) household surveys
Established by the World Bank in 1980 to explore ways of improving the type and quality of household data collected by government statistical offices in developing countries. Objectives were to develop new methods for monitoring progress in raising levels of living, to identify the consequences for households of current and proposed government policies, and to improve communications between survey statisticians, analysts, and policymakers. Surveys have been conducted in more than two dozen countries. See the LSMS Data Set Finder for topics by country.
Data is available for download from the web site for:
- Albania 1996 (requires permission), 2002-2005, 2008, 2012
- Azerbaijan 1995
- Bosnia and Herzegovina 2001-2004
- Brazil 1996-1997
- Bulgaria 1995, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2007
- China 1995, 1997
- Cote d'Ivoire 1985-1988
- Ethiopia 2011-2012, 2013-2014
- Guatemala 2000
- India 1997-1998
- Iraq 2006-2007
- Yugoslavia- Kosovo 2000
- Kyrgyz Republic 1993, 1996-1998
- Malawi 2004-2005 (restricted), 2010-2011, 2013 (unrestricted)
- Nicaragua 1993, 1998-1999, 2001, 2005
- Niger 2011
- Nigeria 2010-2011, 2012-2013
- Panama 1997, 2003, 2008
- Papua New Guinea 1996
- Peru 1985, 1990-1991, 1994
- Serbia 2002, 2003, 2007
- South Africa 1993
- Tajikistan 1999, 2003, 2007, 2009
- Tanzania 1991-1994, 2004, 2008-2011
- Timor Leste 2001, 2007
- Uganda 2010-2012
Surveys have been done in other countries but procedures for obtaining the data vary.
- Armenia 1996
- Ecuador 1994,1995,1998
- Ghana 1987-1989, 1991-1992, 1998-1999, 2005-2006
- Guyana 1992-1993
- Jamaica 1988-2000
- Kazakhstan 1996
- Morocco 1991
- Nepal 1996, 2003-2004, 2010-2011
- Pakistan 1991
- Romania 1994-1995
- Viet Nam 1992-1993, 1997-1998, 2002-2004
- Measurement of Cross-cutting Cleavages and Other Multidimensional Cleavage Structures
Contains 69 new indices for race, ethnicity, language, religion, income, and geography.
- MENA Info
Contains socio-economic indicators for women and children in UNICEF's Middle East and North Africa region.
- Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1945+)
Tracks 282 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. Focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have "political significance" in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. Political significance is determined by: (1) The group collectively suffers, or benefits from, systematic discriminatory treatment compared to other groups in a society and (2) The group is the basis for political mobilization and collective action in defense or promotion of its self-defined interests.
- Namibia - Labour Force Survey 2012
- Namibia - National Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2009-2010
- Namibia Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2003-2004
Tabulations only. Covers literacy, sources of water and income, ownership and access to goods and animals, and household consumption and income.
- Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) Database
Contains occupational wage data for 161 occupations in 171 countries from 1983 to 2008.
- Party Variation in Religiosity and Women's Leadership: A Cross-National Perspective, 2008-2010
Compiled with the goal of looking beyond the national domestic level into individual party-level explanations for women's political leadership. Consists of 2 parts which analyze the party level for women's ascendancy to political leadership. Part 1 focuses on an aggregate of 25 non-randomly selected countries, Part 2 focuses on Lebanon. The study records the level of religiosity of political parties, where it refers to religious components in the party's political platforms or the extent to which religion penetrates a party's political agendas. Both datasets examine party variation in religiosity, party structure, respondents' station within a parties' decision-making inner structures, and other party-level characteristics that may impact women's leadership in various political parties. Additional variables include identifiers for Muslim, Arab, and European states, level of secularism, election design, party design, and age of party.
- Pew Global Attitudes Project
Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.
- Political Business Cycles in Open Economies in 28 Developing Countries From Latin America, Asia, and Africa, 1976-2002
Looked at whether opportunistic and partisan business cycles influence fiscal policy in 28 developing countries when controlling for de facto exchange rate regimes and capital mobility. Several issues were investigated: 1) opportunistic business cycles, whether elections cause the governments budget balance (taxes minus spending) to experience fiscal expansion (lower taxes and higher spending) in order to stimulate the economy; 2) partisan business cycles, whether left-wing parties engage in more fiscal expansion; 3) whether growing capital mobility (the ability of financial capital to move across borders) will encourage or inhibit a government's ability to engage in fiscal expansion with an impending election or left-wing party; and 4) whether the exchange rate regime (the rules for determining the exchange rate) is a mitigating factor.
- Political Regimes and Regime Transitions in Africa, 1910-1994
Focuses on political regimes and regime transitions in 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The first part contains information on the characteristics of post-colonial political regimes from independence to December 31, 1989. Economic variables include GNP per capita, inflation, structural adjustment programs, overseas development assistance, and external debt, while social indicators concern ethnic & religious fragmentation. Political variables provide a listing of every national election in Africa from independence to 1989, for totals of presidential and parliamentary contests, the number of political parties, association groups, and media outlets in each country in 1975 and 1989, and type of political regime, including the duration of each regime in years and the total number and mode of previous regime transitions up to 1989. The second part covers the political dynamics of regime transitions from 1990-1994. Includes political protests, liberalization reforms, elections, and changes of government in each country. In addition, there is a complete set of standard election results for every multiparty contest in Africa from 1990-1994, along with information on whether observers ruled the vote as free and fair, whether incumbents were ousted, and whether losers accepted the results.
- Polling the Nations
Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.
- Southern African Subsystem Events Data, 1973-1976
Event/interaction data characterizing over 13,000 events related to affairs in Southern Africa. An event/interaction is defined as an activity undertaken by an international or transnational actor wherein it may be inferred that the actor has undertaken the activity in order to affect the behavior of the target of the event. The actor or target is defined as one of nine core states (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Malawi, South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, and Swaziland), 17 liberation movements within those states (e.g., the ANC, MPLA, and FNLA), seven Bantu homelands (Bophutha Tswana, Ciskei, Ganzankulu, Kwazulu, Lebowa, Transkei, and Vhavenda), five peripheral African powers (Zaire, Tanzania, Zambia, Malagasy Republic, and Mauritius), 11 non-African powers "intrusive" in the region (United States, Brazil, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Portugal, West Germany, Soviet Union, China, Japan, and Cuba), and eight international organizations (e.g., NATO, EEC, and OAU). Two versions of the data were created: Part 1, which contains numeric data only, and Part 2, which includes text that briefly describes each event/interaction. Contents of the files include types of action (including both conflictual and cooperative verbal evaluation or perceptions, verbal desire, verbal intent, and physical deeds), issue areas over which the actors interact (coded in five main values categories: security, territory, status, human resources, and nonhuman resources), dyad descriptions, change-continue scale, multilateral-unilateral scale, isolationist-internationalist scale, event source, and year, month, day, and page of source.
- Statistical Abstracts of the World (ProQuest)
For a select list of countries, contains recent yearbooks. Tables are available in Excel format and have been converted to English.
- United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal
Collects data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. Results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The surveys were started in 1977, covering 5-year intervals from 1970-1994. Starting in 1995 surveys cover 2 or 3 year intervals. Data may also be accessed through ICPSR.
- Voice of the People Series (2005+)
Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.
- Women in Development Series (1979-1980, 1983)
Series of studies on women in development in 1970 with data drawn primarily from national censuses, surveys, statistical abstracts, and international statistical compendia. References are also made in some cases to evaluative studies conducted by individual researchers, research teams, and the staff of the International Demographic Data Center of the Bureau. These data constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The aim of this data series was to provide a reliable, up-to-date, accessible database on women in development which can illuminate the discrepancies in the roles and status of women against those of men throughout the world in order to serve as a basis for the promotion of both intranational and international parity between the sexes. The studies that comprise the Women in Development series consist of national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socio-economic variables. Wherever possible, the data are broken down by age and urban/rural residence to facilitate further analysis. The series is cumulative and the data are presented in basic tabular format. Initially, the data tables were compiled for 69 developing nations from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Near East that were recipients of the United States Agency for International Development aid. The first collection, Women in Development, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8053), included all the aid-recipient nations regardless of population size. Subsequently, data were compiled for all remaining nations of the world with a population of five million or more, and statistics for the original nations were updated to reflect more recent information. The second collection in the series, Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155), covered approximately 120 nations from Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Near East, North America, Europe, and the Soviet Union.
- Women in National Parliaments (1997+)
World and regional averages of the percentage of women in national parliaments.
- Women in Parliament, 1945-2003: Cross-National Dataset
Information on women's inclusion in parliamentary bodies in over 150 countries from 1945 to 2003. Allows for extensive, large-scale, cross-national investigation of the factors that explain women's attainment of political power over time and provides educators with comprehensive international and historical information on women in a variety of political positions. Information is provided on female suffrage, the first female member of parliament, yearly percentages of women in parliaments, when women reached important representational milestones, such as 10 %, 20 %, and 30 % of a legislature, and when women achieved highly-visible political positions, such as prime minister, president, or head of parliament.
- World Bank Group Country Opinion Survey Program (COS)
Interested in gauging the views of clients and partners who are either involved in development in the given country or who observe activities related to social and economic development. Meant to give the World Bank's team that works in the given country, more in-depth insight into how the Bank's work is perceived.
- World Bank Microdata Library
Portal for all surveys and datasets held in catalogs maintained by the World Bank and a number of contributing external catalogs.
- World Contraceptive Use (2010)
Includes trends on contraceptive prevalence and unmet needs for family planning. 2012 is found on the UN Site.
- World Database of Happiness: States of Nations
Includes summary information from social surveys indicating levels of happiness in about 95 countries around the world, along with data on possible causal factors. Includes state level measures for the USA.
- World Development Indicators
Development indicators from the World Bank. Covers population, education, health, aid, poverty and environmental indicators for 208 countries.
- World Event/Interaction Survey (WEIS) Project, 1966-1978
Record of the flow of action and response between countries (as well as non-governmental actors, e.g., NATO) reflected in public events reported daily in the New York Times from January 1966 through December 1978. The unit of analysis in the dataset is the event/interaction, referring to words and deeds communicated between nations, such as threats of military force. Each event/interaction is a daily report of an international event. Coded for each event are the actor, target, date, action category, and arena. Also provided are brief textual descriptions for each event.
Sample Size: 98,043 events
- World Fertility Data (2006, 2008)
Data on fertility and marriage for 192 countries. The indicators are selected in such a way as to present a concise picture of reproductive behavior from both period and cohort perspectives. The data are compiled from civil registration, population censuses and nationally representative sample surveys. The basic criterion for inclusion of data is its reliability. No attempts were made to estimate missing data. For each country, available data are presented for 2 dates. An earlier date was centered on 1970 and the most recent on 2000 or later. In cases where data for 1970 are not available, the closest date is selected from within the 1960-1985 period. For the later date, the most recent available estimate since 1986 is selected. Reference dates were chosen on the basis of two criteria: the database should contain most recent available data and the benchmark data that should correspond to the beginning of sustained fertility decline in most parts of the world. 2012 is found on the UN site.
- World Health Survey (WHS) (2002-2004)
Monitors critical health outcomes and health systems through the fielding of a valid, reliable, and comparable household survey instrument. The WHS was implemented between 2002 and 2004 in countries selected to represent all regions of the world. Study samples were nationally representative and probabilistically selected. Sampling weights were generated and adjusted for the population distribution with final post-stratification corrections for non-response. The total sample size, using nationally representative samples, includes over 300,000 individuals aged 18+ years. For China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa, WHS also serves as SAGE Wave 0. Household data includes a household roster, health insurance coverage, health expenditures, and indicators of permanent income or wealth. Individual level data include sociodemographic information, health state descriptions, health state valuation, risk factors, chronic conditions, mortality, health care utilization, health systems responsiveness and social capital. Registration is required. Each nation was surveyed once during this period. ICPSR has Wave 0 only. Countries covered: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain. Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil,
Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo Republic, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic. Lao PDR, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia,
Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Singapore, Slovak Republic,
Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Syria, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates,
United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- World Income Inequality Database
The UNU/WIDER World Income Inequality Database (WIID) collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries.
- World Marriage Data (2006, 2008)
Contains data on marriage for 192 countries. Indicators are selected in such a way as to present a concise picture of marital behavior from both period & cohort perspectives. Data are compiled from civil registration, population censuses and nationally representative sample surveys. The basic criterion for inclusion of data is its reliability. No attempts were made to estimate missing data. For each country, marital statuses and period indicators are presented for 2 dates. An earlier date was centered on 1970 and the most recent on 2000 or later. In cases where data for 1970 are not available, the closest date is selected from within the 1960-1985 period. For the later date, the most recent available estimate since 1986 is selected. Reference dates were chosen on the basis of two criteria: the database should contain most recent available data and the benchmark data that should correspond to the beginning of sustained fertility decline in most parts of the world. 2012 is found on the UN site.
- World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series (1961-1993)
Worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending.
- World Mortality Report (2011)
Includes death rates, infant mortality, under age 5 mortality, life expectancy, and probability of dying between ages 15 and 60. Some data goes back to 1950 with projections to 2015.
- World Population Prospects
Comprehensive set of demographic indicators for 1950-2100. Includes measures of fertility, life expectancy, migration, and measures of the impact of HIV/AIDS. Older versions are on the DSS server.
- World Public Opinion.org
Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.
- World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database (16th. Ed. - 2012)
Contains time series data for 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from 1975-2011 for around 140 different telecommunication and ICT statistics covering the telecommunication network and ICT uptake, mobile services, quality of service, traffic, staff, tariffs, revenue and investment. Data for over 200 economies are available.
- World Values Survey (WVS) and European Values Study (EVS). (1981+). Coverage includes: Albania - 1998, 2002; Algeria - 2002; Andorra - 2005;
Argentina - 1991, 1995, 1999, 2006; Armenia - 1997; Australia - 1995, 2005; Austria - 1990, 1999; Azerbaijan - 1997; Bangladesh - 1996, 2002; Belarus - 1996, 2000; Belgium - 1981, 1990, 1999; Bosnia and Herzegovinia - 1998, 2001; Brazil - 1990, 1997, 2006; Bulgaria - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2006; Burkina Faso - 2007; Canada - 1982, 1990, 2000, 2006; Chile - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2006; China - 1990, 1995, 2001, 2006; Colombia - 1998, 2005; Croatia - 1996, 1999; Cyprus - 2006; Czech Republic - 1991, 1998, 1999; Denmark - 1981, 1990, 1999; Dominican Republic - 1998; Egypt - 2000, 2008; El Salvador - 1999; Estonia - 1990, 1996, 1999; Ethiopia - 2007; Finland - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2005; France - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; Georgia - 1996, 2008; Germany - 2006; Germany East - 1990, 1997; Germany West - 1981, 1990, 1997; Ghana - 2007; Great Britain - 1981, 1990, 1998, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Greece - 1999; Hong Kong - 2005; Hungary - 1991, 1998, 1999; Iceland - 1984, 1990, 1999; India - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006; Indonesia - 2001, 2006; Iran - 2003, 2005; Iraq - 2006; Ireland - 1981, 1990, 1999; Israel - 2001; Italy - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2005; Japan - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005; Jordan - 2007; Kyrgyzstan - 2003; Lativa - 1990, 1996, 1999; Lithuania - 1990, 1997, 1999; Luxembourg - 1999; Macedonia - 1998, 2001; Malaysia - 2006; Mali - 2007; Malta - 1983, 1991, 1999; Mexico - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2005; Moldova - 1996, 2006; Montenegro - 1996, 2001; Morocco - 2001, 2007; Netherlands - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; New Zealand - 1998, 2004; Nigeria - 1990, 1995, 2000; Northern Ireland - 1981, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Norway - 1990, 1996, 2007; Pakistan - 1997, 2001;
Peru - 1995, 2001, 2006; Philippines - 1996, 2001; Poland - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2005;
Portugal - 1990, 1999; Puerto Rico - 1995, 2001; Romania - 1993, 1998, 1999, 2005; Russia - 1996, 1999, 2006; Rwanda - 2007; Saudi Arabia - 2003; Serbia - 1996, 2001, 2006;
Singapore - 2002; Slovakia - 1991, 1998, 1999; Slovenia - 1992, 1995, 1999, 2005; South Africa - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006; South Korea - 1980, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2005; Spain - 1981, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007; Sweden - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2006; Switzerland - 1989, 1996, 2007; Taiwan - 1995, 2006; Tanzania - 2001; Thailand - 2007; Trinidad and Tobago - 2006; Turkey - 1990, 1997, 2001, 2007; Uganda - 2001; Ukraine - 1996, 1999, 2006; United Kingdom - 2006 (also see Great Britain and Northern Ireland); United States - 1982, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2006; Uruguay - 1996, 2006; Venezuela - 1996, 2000; Vietnam - 2001, 2006; Zambia - 2007; and Zimbabwe - 2001.
Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Data is also contained in the UKDA. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. For more on the European Values Study and the World Values Survey, see their homepages
This page last updated: October 21, 2009