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Finding Data: Data on Public Opinion


  • Selected Resources for:

    Public Opinion - Africa :: Public Opinion - Asia :: Public Opinion - Australia & New Zealand :: Public Opinion - Canada ::

  • Selected Resources for:

    Public Opinion - Europe :: Public Opinion - Latin America & the Carribean :: Public Opinion - Middle East ::

  • 2012 Latino Immigrant National Election Study
    Nationally representative telephone survey of Latino immigrants, the majority of whom were not U.S. citizens. It was administered in 2 waves. One survey wave was conducted during the fall campaign (N = 853); and a follow-up wave took place immediately after the election (N = 437 respondents from the pre-election survey plus 451 fresh respondents, for a total of 888). The questionnaire instrumentation used in the study was largely adapted from item wordings in the 2012 American National Election Study (ANES). The survey focuses on immigrant civic engagement and political socialization, including items on immigrant attitudes, opinions and electoral and non-electoral political behavior.

  • America's Barometer (2004+)
    Public opinion data for Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad, United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Once in the database click on "Enter site via IP authentication" then online data analysis. Click on either Beginner or Expert and then choose your database. 2004-2015 is also in ICPSR.

  • American National Election Studies (ANES)
    Oldest continuous series of survey data investigating electoral behavior and attitudes in the United States. The focus includes voter perceptions of the major political parties, the candidates, national and international issues, and of the importance of the election. Also explored are voter expectations about the outcome of the election, degree of voter interest in politics, political affiliation and voting history, as well as participation in the electoral process. ANES interviews are conducted before and after presidential elections and after national congressional elections. Post-election interviews include questions on actual voting behavior and voter reflections about the election outcome. See the Help Center for overviews. Also available through ICPSR.

  • American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy Series (1975+)
    Quadrennial studies designed to investigate the opinions and attitudes of the general public and a select group of opinion leaders (or elites) on matters relating to United States foreign policy and to define the parameters of public opinion within which decision-makers must operate.

  • American Soldiers Studies of WWII
    On the day after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the Research Branch of the Information and Education Division of the War Department conducted the first in a series of large-scale surveys of personnel in the United States armed forces. In the words of project staff director Samuel A. Stouffer, the purpose of the project was to provide the army command quickly and accurately with facts about the attitudes of soldiers which might be helpful in policy formation. By the end of World War II, more than half a million soldiers had been interviewed on such subjects as: their feelings toward the army, their living conditions and entertainment, their attitudes toward the enemy and the war, their mental health, American soldiers in World War II, their actual combat experiences, and many others.

  • Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA)
    Major archive for data on religion. Holds numerous international surveys on religion, including general population surveys, surveys of selected religious groups, surveys of religious professionals, and aggregate church, congregational and denominational data. Notable datasets include:
    • Anti-Semitism in the United States- Results of the 1981 study may be compared to the 1964 study.
    • Churches and Church Membership in the United States - Self-report forms were completed by all participating religious bodies. Data is available on a state level basis for 1952, 1971, 1980, and 1990 as well as a county level basis (1952, 1971, 1980, and 1990).
    • Cooperative Clergy Study Project Examines political beliefs, political involvement, community involvement, and religious beliefs of clergy.
    • Gallup Poll of Catholics - Interviews were conducted in 1987, 1992, 1993, 1999, and 2005.
    • National Survey of Youth and Religion (NSYR) -- nationally representative telephone survey of 3,290 English & Spanish-speaking teenagers between the ages of 13-17, and their parents. Also includes 80 oversampled Jewish households, not nationally representative, bringing the total number of completed cases to 3,370. Purpose is to research the shape & influence of religion & spirituality in the lives of American youth; to identify effective practices in the religious, moral, and social formation of the lives of youth; to describe the extent & perceived effectiveness of the programs & opportunities that religious communities are offering to their youth; and to foster an informed national discussion about the influence of religion in youth's lives, in order to encourage sustained reflection about and rethinking of our cultural and institutional practices with regard to youth & religion. The 2nd wave was designed to be a re-interview of all Wave 1 youth survey respondents. Parents of the youth respondents were not re-interviewed. At the time of the 2nd survey, respondents were between the ages of 16-21. Conducted from June 9-November 24, 2005. 2nd wave interviews were conducted only in English. Four youth respondents did not participate in the Wave 2 interview due to not being able to understand or speak English. Wave 2 covers many of the same topics as Wave 1. Many of the questions are identical. However, Wave 2 was re-designed to take into account changes in the lives of the respondents as they began to enter young adulthood. Wave 2 included new questions pertaining to behaviors occurring during the transition to adulthood, such as non-marital cohabitation, educational and career aspirations, pregnancy and marriage. In Wave 3 every attempt was made to re-interview all English-speaking Wave 1 youth survey respondents. At the time of the 3rd survey, respondents were between the ages of 18-24. Conducted from September 24, 2007-April 21, 2008. Wave 3 replicated many of the questions asked in Waves 1 & 2 with some changes made to better capture the respondents' lives as they grew older. For example, there were fewer questions on parental monitoring and more on post-high school educational aspirations.
    • Middletown Area Studies - Data were collected from 1978 to 2004. Assessed the views and lifestyles of citizens on a diverse range of subjects. Included questions on life satisfaction, education, income, family, religion, and politics.
    • Presbyterian data - Includes the Presbyterian Panel, Faith Communities Today, and the U.S. Congregational Life Survey. Long running surveys dating back to 1973.
    • Southern Focus Polls - Southerners tend to slip through the cracks between state surveys, which are unreliable for generalizing to the region, on the one hand, and national sample surveys, which usually contain too few Southerners to allow detailed examination, on the other. Moreover, few surveys routinely include questions specifically about the South. To remedy this situation, the Institute for Research in Social Science and the Center for the Study of the American South sponsor a Southern regional survey, called the Southern Focus Poll. Respondents in both the South and non-South are asked questions about economic conditions in their communities, cultural issues (such as Southern accent and the Confederate flag), race relations, religious involvement, and characteristics of Southerners and Northerners.
    • Survey of American Catholic Priests - Priests were surveyed about satisfaction with their training, their Presbyteral Council, and particularly their priestly ministry. Topics include their views on church authority, the role of the laity, the challenges of the priestly life, public perceptions of the priesthood, and sexuality. Survey results for 1985, 1993, and 2001 are available.
    • System for Catholic Research, Information and Planning - The aim was to develop a dataset describing the U.S. Catholic Church at the diocesan level. Diocesan information collected from Church and other sources were merged with U.S. Census data describing population and other characteristics of the counties that make up each diocese. The total project consists of six decades worth of data -- 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1990.
    • U.S. Congregational Life Survey (2001, 2008/2009, 2011) - Over 500,000 worshipers in over 5,000 congregations across America participated in the 2 waves of the U.S. Congregational Life Survey. Three types of surveys were completed in each participating congregation: (a) an attender survey completed by all worshipers age 15 and older who attended worship services during the weekend the survey was given; (b) a congregational profile describing the congregation's facilities, staff, programs, and worship services completed by one person in the congregation; and a leader survey completed by the pastor, priest, minister, rabbi, or other principal leader. Data sets are supplied for Southern Baptist, United Methodist, and Presbyterian faiths.

  • Attack on America and Civil Liberties Trade-Offs: A Three-Wave National Panel Survey, 2001-2004
    Three-wave national panel survey study that was designed to examine the relationship between fear of terrorism, trust in the government, and the willingness to exchange civil liberties for greater personal security and safety in the aftermath of the 2001 September 11 attacks. Respondents were asked about their opinions on the causes of terrorism against the United States, trust in the government, feelings about different groups of people, and various situations involving civil liberties. Demographic information collected include respondent age, gender, race, educational background, religion, and political affiliation.

  • Capturing Campaign Dynamics: The National Annenberg Election Survey (2000, 2004, 2008)
    The Annenberg 2000 Survey was the largest survey of the American electorate ever conducted. By the end of 2000, over 100,000 interviews were completed on Americans' political knowledge, media use, and opinions about candidates and issues. The large sample size enables analysis of groups that would be too small to measure confidently in ordinary election polls. Another key feature of the NAES is its use of the rolling cross sectional methodology, that allows the identification of trends and points of change in the public's reactions to political events as they unfold over the course of the election. For more information, see the NAES website.

  • End of History Illusion
    Measured the personalities, values, and preferences of more than 19,000 people who ranged in age from 18 to 68, and asked them to report how much they had changed in the past decade and/or to predict how much they would change in the next decade. Young people, middle-aged people, and older people all believed they had changed a lot in the past but would change relatively little in the future. Includes Belgium, France, Switzerland, and the United States.

  • European Values Survey
    Explores the basic human values underlying European social and political institutions. 4 waves have been conducted (1st: 1981-1983; 2nd: 1989-1993; 3rd: 1999-2001; 4th: 2008-2010).
      Participants and waves included:
    • All: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Italy. Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Spain, Sweden
    • 1-2: Canada, USA
    • 1, 2, 4: Norway
    • 2-4: Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia-Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia
    • 3-4: Belarus, Croatia, Greece, Luxembourg, Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine
    • 4th: Albania,Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovinia, Cyprus, Georgia, Kosovo. Moldova, Montenegro, Northern Cyprus, Serbia, Switzerland

  • Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind Poll
    Poll on politics, economic factors, pop culture and society in New Jersey.

  • Fannie Mae National Housing Survey Monthly Key Indicators (a subset of the complete monthly Fannie Mae National Housing Survey)
    Track public attitudes toward owning and renting a home, purchase and rental prices, home ownership distress, household finances and overall confidence in the economy. Covers January 2010+. Includes a cumulative file.

  • Field Poll
    Also known as the California Poll. Established in 1947 and has operated continuously as an independent, non-partisan, media-sponsored public opinion news service. Data is available from 1956 forward (last 2 years not available). Press releases are available back to the origin. They cover a wide range of political and social topics, including: approval of important national and statewide political figures; reactions to significant political events and hot button issues; opinions on California ballot propositions; voter awareness; understanding and predispositions of major campaign issues; party affiliation; and demographics. Some are also contained in IPOLL.

  • Financial Crisis: A Longitudinal Study of Public Response
    Conducted to understand the trajectory of risk perception amidst an ongoing economic crisis. A nation-wide panel responded to eight surveys beginning in late September 2008 at the peak of the crisis and concluded in August 2011. At least 600 respondents participated in each survey, with 325 completing all 8 surveys. The online survey focused on perceptions of risk (savings, investments, retirement, job), negative emotions toward the financial crisis (sadness, anxiety, fear, anger, worry, stress), confidence in national leaders to manage the crisis (President Obama, Congress, Treasury Secretary, business leaders), and belief in one's ability to realize personal objectives despite the crisis. Latent growth curve modeling was conducted to analyze change in risk perception throughout the crisis. Demographic information includes ethnic origin, sex, age, marital status, income, political affiliation and education.

  • Gallup Analytics
    Analyze, visualize, and export data from Gallup's U.S. Daily tracking and World Poll surveys. U.S. tracks economic, wellbeing, and political data collected daily since 2008. It can be analyzed daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, and annually as well as by state and Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). World Poll data covers more than 80 metrics from 160+ countries collected since 2005. Does not include access to microdata.

  • Gallup poll public opinion, 1935-1997
    Must use Print Index. (DSS) HN90.P8 G3

  • Gallup Poll Social Series
    The Gallup Poll Social Series (GPSS) is a set of public opinion surveys designed to monitor U.S. adults' views on numerous social, economic, and political topics. The topics are arranged thematically across 12 surveys. Gallup administers these surveys during the same month every year and includes the survey's core trend questions in the same order each administration. Using this consistent standard allows for unprecedented analysis of changes in trend data that are not susceptible to question order bias and seasonal effects. Princeton has trend files from 2016 for January (mood), March (environment), July (consumption), September (governance), and October (crime). IPOLL has some older files from 2008 and 2009 on "values & beliefs" and "work & education". The Gallup Site has information on methodology.

  • General Social Survey (1972-2016) (GSS)
    Produced biennially since 1994, the GSS is a long running survey of social, cultural and political indicators. In addition to the GSS, topic modules, designed to investigate new issues or to expand the coverage of an existing subject, are administered. Examples of topic modules include computer and Internet, racial and ethnic prejudice, and child mental-health stigma. Also included in ICPSR. The GSS has participated since 1985 in the International Social Survey Program. A listing of modules is available.

    Sample Size: Over the life of the survey, more than 43,000 respondents, with about 3,000 added biennially.

  • Ghanaian Public Opinion on the United States' War on Terrorism, Involvement in Afghanistan, and Foreign Policy in the Middle East, 2002

  • Global Snap Poll on Tsunami in Japan and Impact on Views About Nuclear Energy, 2011
    Carried out by WIN-Gallup International from March 21 to April 10, 2011, in 47 countries across the globe. Aimed to measure public views about the tragic earthquake in Japan and its impact on opinions about nuclear energy. Respondents were asked whether they were in favor of or opposed to the use of nuclear energy as one of the ways to provide electricity to the world, whether they have heard or read about the earthquake and tsunami that hit parts of Japan, and whether they have heard or read about the leakage of radiation from nuclear reactors in Japan as a result of the earthquake. Respondents were also queried on what their views were about nuclear energy before the earthquake in Japan, what their major source of information about the tsunami and earthquake in Japan was, their view on how Japan's economy would recover, whether they were concerned about the possibility of a nuclear incident in their own country, and whether they thought that nuclear power plants in their country were properly secured against accidents. Demographic variables include sex, age, marital status, race, income, education level, employment status, religious preference, and type of residential area (e.g., urban or rural).

  • Global Views 2004: South Korean Public Opinion and Foreign Policy
    Studies the relationship between the United States public's and the Korean public's views on foreign policy. Highlights perceptions of security, use of force, economics, international rules, and other international issues.

  • Global Views: American Public Opinion and Foreign Policy (2004, 2008)
    Part of a quadrennial series designed to investigate the opinions and attitudes of the general public on matters related to foreign policy, and to define the parameters of public opinion within which decision-makers must operate. Demographic and other background information includes age, race, gender, marital status, religious affiliation, political party affiliation, employment status, education, household composition, type of housing, state of residence, and access to the Internet.

  • GlobeScan/BBC World Service Views of Countries' Poll, 2005-2009
    Major survey exploring how people in 33 countries view various countries.

  • Harris Interactive
    Summary data on Harris polls back to 1998. Requires free registration.

  • International Social Justice Project, 1991 and 1996
    The International Social Justice Project is a collaborative effort among 12 countries to conduct a comparative study of popular perceptions of economic and social justice in advanced industrialized nations. The countries participating in the study include Bulgaria, Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia for 1991), Germany (West Germany, and East Germany during its transition toward a democracy), Estonia, Great Britain, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, and the United States. Focused on normative social justice concepts such as entitlement, equality of economic opportunity, and reward distribution. Provides analysis of normative justice at a micro level, involving respondents' evaluation of justice or rewards received by individuals and small groups, and at a macro level, through the evaluation of fairness of reward distribution at the aggregate or societal level. Variables in the dataset include demographic characteristics of the respondent, such as age, sex, marital status, education, and occupation, actual and desired income, what factors respondents believe determine level of pay and their fairness, dependence on pension or social welfare programs, satisfaction with the sociopolitical system, perceived and/or preferred role of the government in job allocation, and standard of living.

  • International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (1985+)
    For the latest see the site's web page. A listing of modules performed as well as plans through 2020 is available (including questionnaires for not-yet-released years). Ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. Every survey includes questions about general attitudes toward various social issues such as the legal system, sex, and the economy. Special topics have included the environment, the role of government, social inequality, social support, family and gender issues, work orientation, the impact of religious background, behavior, and beliefs on social and political preferences, and national identity. Participating countries vary for each topical module. Registration is required. 1998-2007 is also available in an easy to use comparative program.

  • International Stability: What Ghanians are Thinking, 2006
    Used to gather public opinion data in Ghana on issues such as the global threat of terrorism, the United States foreign policy, and questions pertaining to the Middle East and Africa.

  • ipoll databank (Roper)
    Archive of public opinion and survey research.

  • Jewish Values Survey 2012
    Examined the values, issues and political preferences of Jewish Americans. Included questions that explored views about religion and Jewish culture and traditions. Featured items to gauge views about foreign policy, Iran and Israel. Also covered voting behavior, economic inequality, immigration and social issues such as abortion and same-sex marriage.

  • Kaiser Family Foundation Polls
    Questions and responses to health and healthcare surveys conducted by the Kaiser Family Foundation back to 1994.

  • Los Angeles County Social Survey, 1994 (LACSS)
    Conducted between April and July of 1994. Los Angeles County residents were asked questions concerning their attitudes and views of living in Los Angeles, the economy, neighborhoods, public services, and political views. It also includes segments regarding views on immigration, hiring practices, and ethnic identity and relations. A split ballot methodology was utilized concerning topics of affirmative action and immigration. Respondents were randomly selected to answer a series of questions from one of two ballots concerning economic conditions; and three ballots about ethnic relations. Demographic information collected includes race, gender, age, religion, political party affiliation and ideology, education level, occupation, birth place, and origin of ancestry.

  • Mexican Origin People in the United States: the 1979 Chicano Survey
    Household survey of persons of Mexican descent living in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, and Chicago, Illinois. The purpose was to compile a statistically representative and comprehensive body of empirical information about the social, economic, and psychological status of Chicanos. Major topics covered were mental and physical health and use of health services, family background and composition, customary practices and values, language use and attitudes, employment history, social identity, group consciousness, and political opinions and participation.

    Sample Size: Of over 11,000 people screened, 1,400 met the Mexican ancestry criterion. Of this total, 991 interviews were collected.

  • Michigan Public Policy Survey Public Use Datasets (2009+)
    Program of state-wide surveys of local government leaders in Michigan.

  • Monmouth University Poll
    Tracks public policy and quality of life in New Jersey.

  • MORI/GMF Poll: 2002 European World Views Survey
    This study of 6 European countries is the European counterpart to the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy, 2002 survey. Includes the US role in the world, looking at foreign policy goals, economic aid, spending, vital interests, the use of US troops, attitudes toward specific countries, NATO, foreign aid, trade, economic sanctions, globalization, and terrorism.

  • Muslims in the American public square: shifting political winds & fallout from 9/11, Afghanistan, and Iraq.
    Interviews of 1,846 Muslim Americans chosen at random nationwide. All calls were made from Zogby International headquarters in Utica, N.Y., from Thursday, August 5 to Wednesday, September 15, 2004.

  • National Science Foundation Surveys of Public Attitudes Toward and Understanding of Science and Technology, 1979-2006
    Monitored the general public's attitudes toward and interest in science and technology. The survey assessed levels of literacy and understanding of scientific and environmental concepts and constructs such as DNA, probability, and experimental methods, how scientific knowledge and information were acquired, attentiveness to public policy issues, and computer access and usage. Since 1979, the survey was administered at regular intervals (occurring every 2 or 3 years), producing 12 cross-sectional surveys through 2006. Respondents were asked how they received information concerning science or news (e.g., via newspapers, magazines, or television), what types of television programming they watched, and what kinds of magazines they read. They were also asked if they agreed with statements concerning science and technology and how they affect everyday living. Respondents were further asked a series of true and false questions regarding science-based statements (e.g., the center of the Earth is hot, all radioactivity is manmade, electrons are smaller than atoms, etc.). Additional topics included whether the respondent had a postsecondary degree, field of highest degree, number of science-based college courses taken, major in college, household ownership of a computer, access to the World Wide Web, number of hours spent on a computer at home or at work, and topics searched for via the Internet. Demographic variables include gender, race, age, marital status, number of people in household, level of education, and occupation.

  • National Survey of Latinos (2002, 2004+)
    Surveys among the Latino community with themes each year (immigration, politcs and civil participation, education). Many of the years are also available in Roper IPOLL.

    Sample Size: Nationally representative samples of Latino respondents ages 18 and older.

  • National Surveys on Energy and Environment [United States] (NSEE) (2008+)
    Include twice per year national opinion surveys on issues directly related to climate change and energy policy, as well as other surveys conducted on a range of topics such as hydraulic fracturing ("fracking"), the Great Lakes, and wider issues of energy and environment. From 2008-2012 the survey was called the "National Survey of American Public Opinion on Climate Change" (NSAPOOC); starting in 2013 the survey was renamed to the "National Surveys on Energy and Environment" (NSEE). Although the datasets are listed by survey wave, the NSEE is a valuable source of longitudinal public-opinion data on climate change and energy policy. Many questions have been asked over multiple waves, including questions about belief in global warming that have been asked in every wave of the NSEE. Also check Open ICPSR for additional rounds.

  • NORC: The Early Years
    The National Opinion Research Center is a non-profit organization associated with the University of Chicago. NORC has been conducting polls since 1941. There are over 150 NORC polls from the 1940s and 1950s that document the public's opinion about World War II, the Cold War, foreign policies, and a range of other topics.

  • Odum Institute Public Opinion Poll Question Database
    The Odum Institute houses the Louis Harris Data Center, the national depository for publicly available survey data collected by Louis Harris and Associates, Inc. More than 1,000 Harris Polls from as early as 1958 are archived at the Center. Other public opinion data at the Institute include the Carolina Polls and Southern Focus Polls, Gallup polls from the U.S. and other countries, and polls from major broadcasting networks and newspapers. Many of the datasets, including the Harris polls, are available for direct download. Includes many state polls.

  • Office of Public Opinion Research Collection
    The Office of Public Opinion Research Collection, established by Hadley Cantril, spans the turbulent years of World War II. The first survey took place less than a year after Germany invaded Poland, the United States having yet to enter the fray. The final survey was completed after German surrender, but before Japanese surrender.

  • Pew Global Attitudes Project
    Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.

  • Pew Research Center For The People & The Press data archive
    The Pew Research Center is an independent opinion research group that studies attitudes toward the press, politics and public policy issues. They are best known for regular national surveys that measure public attentiveness to major news stories, and for their polling that charts trends in values and fundamental political and social attitudes.

  • Pew Social and Demographic Trends
    Studies behaviors and attitudes of Americans in key realms of their lives, including family, community, health, finance, work and leisure. Includes datasets on aging, mobility, gender, middle class, race, marriage, parenthood, Muslim Americans, personal finance, social trust, work, optimism, cars, and family bonds.

  • Policy Agendas Project
    Attempt to provide comparable measures of policy changes in the United States since the Second World War. Includes information summarizing each U.S. Congressional hearing from 1946-2015; information from all articles in the main chapters of the Congressional Quarterly Almanac from 1948-2011; information about each public law passed from 1948-2014; bills introduced in Congress from 1947-2015; every congressional roll call vote from 1946-2013; information about each executive order issued from 1945-2015; information on each quasi-statement in the Presidential State of the Union Speeches from 1946-2017; presidential veto rhetoric from 1985-2016; Democratic Party platforms 1948-2016; Republican Party platforms 1948-2016; contains information on each case on the Supreme Courts docket from from 1944-2009; time-series database of all associations in the Encyclopedia of Associations, coded both by the EA subject categories as well as by the major topics of the PAP from 1966 to 2001; responses to Gallup's Most Important Problem question aggregated at the annual level from 1947-2015; a systematic random sample of the New York Times Index from 1946-2014; information on the number of pages in the New York Times Index and an estimate of the number of articles per page; television news policy agendas from 1968-2010; annual data, adjusted for inflation, of U.S. Budget Authority from FY 1947-FY 2015; tax expenditures from 1979-2014; and highlights of the main issues concerning the study of budgetary outcomes across countries and time.

  • Polling the Nations
    Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.

  • Portraits of American Life Study (PALS) (2006, 2012)
    Seeks to understand the impact of religion in everyday life, and ultimately the connections between religious change and other forms of change among diverse individuals and families over the course of their lives. Free registration is required.

  • Presidential Approval Ratings 1937-2016
    Roper Center compiled approval ratings of U.S. Presidents.

  • PRRI/RNS Religion News Survey (2010-2013)
    Conducted by Public Religion Research Institute, in partnership with Religion News Service, to examine attitudes on breaking news and emerging issues at the intersection of religion and politics.

  • Public Understanding of Science and Technology, NSF 1979-2006
    Used to monitor public attitudes toward a variety of science-related issues and topics since 1979. Has also been used to gauge how much the public knows about science and the scientific process, how interested people are in science, and where they get information about science.

  • Religion, Values, and Immigration Reform Survey
    Addressed respondents' views on immigration reform in America. Gauged views on the immigration system, levels of support for immigration reform policies, and perceptions of immigrants' influence on the economy and the job market. Additional questions focused on attitudes toward both illegal and legal immigrants, the moral implications of immigration, and Congress' ability to handle immigration reform during the economic downturn. Consists of a national sample as well as samples for Arkansas and Ohio.

  • Roper Center - Public Opinion on Space Exploration
    Selection of surveys that look at how the American people feel about the money spent on space exploration; the practicality of a space based defense; the value of learning if there were ever living creatures on Mars; and if they believe in UFOs and beings from other planets.

  • Roper Fortune Collection (1938-1949)
    The most prominent feature of this collection is the wide range of questions about World War II. There are also many studies that focus on Franklin Delano Roosevelts 4 terms as president. Questions are asked about his job performance, the New Deal, voter preferences in the elections, and his wartime policies. There are a host of other topics covered in these surveys, ranging from social issues to labor unions to gender differences.

  • Roper Social and Political Trends Data, 1973-1994

  • Rutgers Work Trend Polls
    The John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development is based at Rutgers University. The university-based research and policy center, founded in 1997, is dedicated to raising the effectiveness of the American workplace by strengthening workforce education, placement and training programs and policies.

  • Rutgers-Eagleton Poll (1971+)
    New Jersey poll reporting attitudes about candidates, politics, public policy, the economy, and social trends.

  • Simon Poll: [Illinois Statewide] (2008+)
    Illinois public opinion poll on a variety of societal issues.

  • Southern Illinios Poll (2010-2013)
    Survey of registered voters in Southern Illinois counties on a variety of topics.

  • Survey of Consumer Attitudes and Behavior (1953-March 2014)
    Measure changes in consumer attitudes and expectations, to understand why these changes occur, to evaluate how they relate to consumer decisions to save, borrow, or make discretionary purchases, and to forecast changes in aggregate consumer behavior. Changes in consumers' willingness to buy are best assessed by making use of the answers to all questions asked in the surveys, especially the open-ended questions that probe underlying reasons. Nevertheless, in order to make available a summary measure of change in consumer sentiment, the Survey Research Center uses the answers to selected questions to calculate an Index of Consumer Sentiment. Each survey also probes a different aspect of consumer confidence. The surveys use a national sample of dwelling units selected by area probability sampling that is representative of the adult population of the United States. For time periods not held by ICPSR, see the Surveys of Consumers website. Free registration is required. There is an embargo on the most recent 6 months. Up to date summary data can be found in Datastream. Also known as the Surveys of Consumers.

    Sample Size: National sample of dwelling units selected by area probability sampling that is representative of the adult population of the United States.

  • Transatlantic Trends Survey Series (2003+)
    Aim is to identify the attitudes of the public in the United States and in 12 European countries towards foreign policy issues and transatlantic issues. Each year, participants have been asked their views on each other and on global threats, foreign policy objectives, world leadership, and multilateral institutions. This study is a follow-on to Worldviews 2002: American and European Public Opinion on Foreign Policy. Periodically asks about views on immigration.

  • UBS Index of Investor Optimism, 1996+
    Survey of investor outlook in the United States and Europe. Introduced in 1996 as a quarterly survey, which became monthly in 1999, the Index profiles individual investors to ensure that their attitudes, perceptions and concerns are represented in the national dialogue.

  • University of Texas at Austin Energy Poll (2011-2017)
    Public opinion poll that measures and reports biannually (October and April) on consumer opinions and attitudes toward energy consumption, pricing, development and regulation.

  • Virginia Slims American Women's Opinion Polls 1970-2000
    In 1970 with the Women's Movement well underway, Virginia Slims began commissioning surveys about the role of American women in society.

  • Voice of the People Series (2005+)
    Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.

  • World Public
    Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.

  • World Values Survey (WVS)
    Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Coverage includes: Albania - 1998, 2002; Algeria - 2002, 2014; Andorra - 2005; Argentina - 1991, 1995, 1999, 2006, 2013; Armenia - 1997, 2011; Australia - 1995, 2005, 2012; Austria - 1990, 1999; Azerbaijan - 1997, 2011-2012; Bahrain (2014); Bangladesh - 1996, 2002; Belarus - 1996, 2000, 2011; Belgium - 1981, 1990, 1999; Bosnia and Herzegovinia - 1998, 2001; Brazil - 1990, 1997, 2006, 2014; Bulgaria - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2006; Burkina Faso - 2007; Canada - 1982, 1990, 2000, 2006; Chile - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2006; China - 1990, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Colombia - 1998, 2005, 2012; Croatia - 1996, 1999; Cyprus - 2006, 2011; Czech Republic - 1991, 1998, 1999; Denmark - 1981, 1990, 1999; Dominican Republic - 1998; Ecuador - 2013; Egypt - 2000, 2008, 2012; El Salvador - 1999; Estonia - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2011; Ethiopia - 2007; Finland - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2005; France - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; Georgia - 1996, 2008, 2014; Germany - 2006, 2013; Germany East - 1990, 1997; Germany West - 1981, 1990, 1997; Ghana - 2007, 2011; Great Britain - 1981, 1990, 1998, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Greece - 1999; Hong Kong - 2005, 2013; Hungary - 1991, 1998, 1999; Iceland - 1984, 1990, 1999; India - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2014; Indonesia - 2001, 2006; Iran - 2003, 2005; Iraq - 2006, 2013; Ireland - 1981, 1990, 1999; Israel - 2001; Italy - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2005; Japan - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010; Jordan - 2007, 2014; Kazakhstan - 2011; Kuwait - 2013; Kyrgyzstan - 2003, 2011; Lativa - 1990, 1996, 1999; Lebanon - 2013; Libya - 2013; Lithuania - 1990, 1997, 1999; Luxembourg - 1999; Macedonia - 1998, 2001; Malaysia - 2006, 2011; Mali - 2007; Malta - 1983, 1991, 1999; Mexico - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2005, 2012; Moldova - 1996, 2006; Montenegro - 1996, 2001; Morocco - 2001, 2007, 2011; Netherlands - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2012; New Zealand - 1998, 2004, 2011; Nigeria - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2011; Northern Ireland - 1981, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Norway - 1990, 1996, 2007; Pakistan - 1997, 2001, 2012; Palestine - 2013; Peru - 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Philippines - 1996, 2001, 2012; Poland - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2012; Portugal - 1990, 1999; Puerto Rico - 1995, 2001; Qatar- 2010; Romania - 1993, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2012; Russia - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Rwanda - 2007, 2012; Saudi Arabia - 2003; Serbia - 1996, 2001, 2006; Singapore - 2002, 2012; Slovakia - 1991, 1998, 1999; Slovenia - 1992, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2011; South Africa - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013; South Korea - 1980, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2010; Spain - 1981, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2011; Sweden - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Switzerland - 1989, 1996, 2007; Taiwan - 1995, 2006, 2012; Tanzania - 2001; Thailand - 2007, 2013; Trinidad and Tobago - 2006, 2010; Turkey - 1990, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2011; Uganda - 2001; Ukraine - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; United Kingdom - 2006 (also see Great Britain and Northern Ireland); United States - 1982, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2006, 2011; Uruguay - 1996, 2006, 2011; Uzbekistan - 2011; Venezuela - 1996, 2000; Vietnam - 2001, 2006; Yemen - 2013; Zambia - 2007; and Zimbabwe - 2001, 2011.

This page last updated: October 21, 2009