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Finding Data: Data on Women & Gender


  • Selected Resources for:

    Women & Gender - Non USA ::

  • Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Attachment, 1963-1967
    The sample consisted of 81 intellectually gifted women, including 29 homemakers, 25 married professionals with children, and 27 single professionals. The homemakers were women who had graduated with distinction from a high-ranking, large midwestern state university between 1945 and 1955. Both groups of professional women were on the faculty of the university the homemakers had attended. Addressed the following topics: early experiences; activities; attitudes; values; occupation; job satisfaction and difficulties; perceived future life satisfactions; and the effects of marriage, children, career, and menopause on a woman's life.

  • Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP) Recruitment Studies, 2008
    Studies of United States state legislators' and mayors' pathways to office. Data about state legislators and mayors of big cities were gathered through survey instruments that consisted primarily of questions concerning the decision to seek office, previous political experience, and personal background. All women serving in the legislatures of the 50 states were surveyed, along with a random sample of men state legislators; men were randomly selected and sampled in proportion to the number of women serving in each chamber and state. All women mayors of cities with a population of 30,000 and above serving in 2008 were surveyed, along with a random sample of men mayors. Demographic variables include age, education, race, and marital status.

  • Cultural Continuity Study, 1966-1972
    Longitudinal study that followed the lives of educated American women from their senior year in college for 5 years post graduation in order to examine the cultural values and role dilemmas of educated women in the two traditional fields of nursing and teaching.

  • Database: women & men in decision making
    Monitors the numbers of men and women in key decision-making positions in order to provide reliable statistics that can be used to monitor the current situation and trends through time. Covers positions of power and influence in politics, public administration, the judiciary, and various other key areas of the economy. Figures are available for decision-makers at European, national and regional level (politics only) and currently cover 34 countries -- the 28 EU Member States, 4 candidate countries (Iceland, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey) and the remaining EEA countries (Liechtenstein and Norway).

  • Effect of Job Transfer on American Women, 1977-1979
    Conducted to investigate the reasons why some employees and their families are willing to move and others are not, to examine what conditions make moving easy or difficult, and to assess the effects of a mobile lifestyle.

  • Effect of Welfare Women's Working on Their Families, 1969-1972
    Designed to study low-income mothers and their work, particularly how employment affects home and personal life and in what ways, if any, current family structure is a barrier to employment.

  • Gender, Institutions, and Development Database
    The Social Institutions and Gender Index is an innovative measure of underlying discrimination against women for over 100 countries. While other indices measure gender inequalities in outcomes such as education and employment, the SIGI helps policy-makers and researchers understand what drives these outcomes. The SIGI captures and quantifies discriminatory social institutions - these include among others, early marriage, discriminatory inheritance practices, violence against women, son bias, restrictions on access to public space and restricted access to productive resources. Methodology can be found at the GenderIndex page. The 2009 data is separate.

  • General Social Survey (1972-2016) (GSS)
    Produced biennially since 1994, the GSS is a long running survey of social, cultural and political indicators. In addition to the GSS, topic modules, designed to investigate new issues or to expand the coverage of an existing subject, are administered. Examples of topic modules include computer and Internet, racial and ethnic prejudice, and child mental-health stigma. Also included in ICPSR. The GSS has participated since 1985 in the International Social Survey Program. A listing of modules is available.

    Sample Size: Over the life of the survey, more than 43,000 respondents, with about 3,000 added biennially.

  • General Social Survey Topical Module 1988, 1994, 2002, 2012: Family and Changing Gender Roles
    Conducted in conjunction with the International Social Survey Program.

    A GSS module on the feminization of poverty was also conducted in 1986.

  • Growth of American Families, 1955-1960
    Women were asked questions about fertility and contraception, including contraceptive use and pregnancy histories, opinions on childbearing and childrearing, expectation of further children, etc. Background information such as marital history, education, income, religion, social characteristics, and place of residence was also collected. Also available through ICPSR.

  • KAPS: Family Planning Studies (Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices studies)
    In the 1960s and 70s, the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices studies surveyed women and men across the world about family planning, birth control, pregnancy, and sex. The majority of the samples are of women under the age of 50, married women, and women living in cities and metropolitan areas. The featured countries are Mexico, the United States, Israel, the Philippines, France, Brazil, Ecuador, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Argentina, Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Peru. What is the ideal family size? What is the impact of the population growth rate, will it cause societal problems? What methods of birth control are used the most frequently? Is it even acceptable to use birth control at all? What are the reasons people have children? Personal questions about fertility, conception, sterility, abortion, and unwanted pregnancies are also addressed. In addition to family planning, the KAPS studies also feature gender and societal topics. What kind of education would you want for your daughter? What are the appropriate roles for women? How often does your husband help with housework? Should married women work outside the home?

  • Longitudinal Study of the Life Patterns of College-Educated Women, 1960-1979
    Longitudinal study of the class of 1964 from a prestigious women's college in the eastern United States. A major purpose of the study was to determine the effects of personality and situation on the life outcomes of college-educated women. This study built upon a larger 1960 study in which Thematic Apperception Tests (TATs) were administered to 244 first-year women.

  • Marital Instability Over the Life Course Series
    Nationwide longitudinal study of marital instability. Measures were developed to predict marital instability and divorce and to assess marital quality. 6 waves of data were collected between 1980 and 2000 from married individuals between the ages of 18 and 55. Data are furnished on female labor force participation and life course perspective and the effects on marriage and marital instability.

  • Murray Research Archive - Gender Studies datasets
    Has a number of studies valuable for research of women and gender.

    Some useful datasets include:

    • Women and Family Project 1991-1996
    • Federal Sexual Harassment Survey
    • Women in Nontraditional and Traditional Blue Collar Occupations 1975-1978
    • Gender and Latina Politics in Boston

    Application may need to be made directly to the Murray Research Archive for permission to use the data.

  • National Fertility Survey, 1965, 1970, 1975
    Women were asked questions about fertility and contraception, including contraceptive use and pregnancy histories, opinions on childbearing and childrearing, desired family size, future childbearing intentions and expectation of further children. Questions about coital frequency at the time of interview were asked. Marital history, some labor force participation history, and background information such as education, income, religion, social characteristics, and place of residence was also collected. Also available through ICPSR.

  • National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Mature Women (NLSW)
    Set of surveys designed to gather information on labor market activities and other significant life events. The Young Women's survey includes women who were ages 14-24 when first interviewed in 1968. The Mature Women's survey includes women who were ages 30-44 when first interviewed in 1967. Social and financial research may be performed as stage of life data was collected. These surveys were last conducted in 2003; no future collection of data is planned. Documentation is available at the NLS site. See the NLS Investigator guide. For comparisons of National Longitudinal Surveys, Survey of Income and Program Participation, and Panel Study of Income Dynamics, see the comparison chart. Also see Finke and Huston.

    Sample Size: Each group began with more than 5,000 participants.

    National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Mature Women (NLSW) (Electronic File)
    Principal investigator: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.
    Producer: Ohio State University, Center for Human Resource Research and U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
    Distributor: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.

  • National Survey of Family Growth (1973+)
    Women were asked questions about fertility and contraception, including contraceptive use and pregnancy histories, desired family size, and expectation of further children. Also reports background information about the respondent and her husband, such as education, religion, ethnic origin, occupation, and earnings. For the final round see the CDC pages.

  • Retirement History Longitudinal Survey (1969-1979)
    10 year longitudinal study that investigated the changes in the economic and social characteristics of men and unmarried women in the United States, aged 58-63, as they approached and entered the retirement phase of their lives. The main purpose of the study was to assess the Social Security Program's provisions for retired workers, not only for recording the socioeconomic situation of Social Security beneficiaries, but also to aid policymakers in planning program changes. Covers (1) labor force history, (2) retirement and retirement plans, (3) health, (4) household, family, and social activities, and (5) income, assets, and debts.

  • Role Outlook Study, 1964-1975
    Followed the career plans and development of female college students. Focused on students' yearly impressions of college, the development of their aspirations for after college, and influences that encouraged or inhibited career plans.

  • Study of Wife Abuse Among Vietnamese Immigrants to the US, 2000-2001
    Involved a purposive sample of 129 Vietnamese immigrant women to the United States, 57 of whom experienced domestic violence. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected on abuse, efforts to stop the abuse, immigration experiences, current and prior relationship with partners, and many facets of life. One year after the 1st interview, the women who had experienced abuse were re-interviewed to determine whether their circumstances had changed and why they had or had not changed. For both interviews, data were collected on contacts with the justice system and satisfaction with those contacts. To measure abuse and one-year outcomes, variables included: values/norms promoting husband's domination, conflict over expectations about gender roles and other aspects of family life, immigration (reasons for immigration, sequencing of husband's and wife's move, each person's legal status), and circumstances related to immigration (discrimination, employment and occupational status, proximity of extended family, wife's support network). Qualitative data on the pattern, nature, and context of the abuse was collected to provide description of why the abuse occurred, and to support findings from the quantitative analysis and/or better specify the causative model. Additional variables included wife's perceptions of immigration law and the outcome of criminal justice involvement; wife's perception of the consequences of divorce (financial, legal realities and cultural norms regarding child custody, effect of marital status on woman's social status and quality of life); need for and effects of wife moving from the ethnic community to the mainstream to escape abuse (need of identification with the ethnic group, support network of relatives and friends, social reactions to abuse); wife's economic power (ability to speak English, earn a living); wife's experience in seeking help (knowledge of United States legal system, availability of legal and victim assistance for abused women, experience with the justice system and victim assistance programs). Demographic variables included age, race, citizenship status, religion, education, and number of children.

  • Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) (1995+)
    Multi-site longitudinal, epidemiologic study designed to examine the health of women during their middle years. Examines the physical, biological, psychological, and social changes during this transitional period. The goal is to help learn how mid-life experiences affect health and quality of life during aging. Includes questions about doctor visits, medical conditions, medications, treatments, medical procedures, relationships, smoking, and menopause related information such as age at pre-, peri- and post-menopause, self-attitudes, feelings, and common physical problems associated with menopause. Also included are background characteristics (age, race, occupation, education, marital status, and family size). The research centers are located in the following communities: Ypsilanti and Inkster, MI; Boston, MA; Chicago, IL; Alameda and Contra Costa County, CA; Los Angeles, CA; Hackensack, NJ; and Pittsburgh, PA.

  • Survey of Business Owners
    Allows researchers to create customized tables and models and to study entrepreneurial activity and the relationships between business characteristics such as access to capital, firm size, employer-paid benefits, minority- and women-ownership, and firm age. Includes national- and state-level data and detailed characteristics of businesses and their owners while protecting the confidentiality of survey respondents. Includes earlier surveys back to 1992. For surveys prior to 1992, available in paper in the Trustees Reading Room under various call numbers (HD2346.U5 A17; HD2346.U5 S96; HD2346.U5 U48; HD2346.U5 U49). 2007 included microdata. 2012 data can be derived in tables using American FactFinder or through a series of APIs. One must apply for a key to retrieve.

  • UNICEF: Monitoring the Situation of Children and Women
    Contains the full range of statistical information made available by UNICEF. Includes the official global statistical databases published in The State of the World's Children. Indicators on child survival and health, child nutrition, maternal health, water and sanitation, education, child protection, HIV/AIDS, immunization, and Millennium Development Goals.

  • Violence Against Women Resource Guide
    Guide to data useful for the study of violence against women available from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data at ICPSR.

  • Virginia Slims American Women's Opinion Polls 1970-2000
    In 1970 with the Women's Movement well underway, Virginia Slims began commissioning surveys about the role of American women in society.

  • Women in Development Series (1979-1980, 1983)
    Series of studies on women in development in 1970 with data drawn primarily from national censuses, surveys, statistical abstracts, and international statistical compendia. References are also made in some cases to evaluative studies conducted by individual researchers, research teams, and the staff of the International Demographic Data Center of the Bureau. These data constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The aim of this data series was to provide a reliable, up-to-date, accessible database on women in development which can illuminate the discrepancies in the roles and status of women against those of men throughout the world in order to serve as a basis for the promotion of both intranational and international parity between the sexes. The studies that comprise the Women in Development series consist of national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socio-economic variables. Wherever possible, the data are broken down by age and urban/rural residence to facilitate further analysis. The series is cumulative and the data are presented in basic tabular format. Initially, the data tables were compiled for 69 developing nations from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Near East that were recipients of the United States Agency for International Development aid. The first collection, Women in Development, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8053), included all the aid-recipient nations regardless of population size. Subsequently, data were compiled for all remaining nations of the world with a population of five million or more, and statistics for the original nations were updated to reflect more recent information. The second collection in the series, Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155), covered approximately 120 nations from Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Near East, North America, Europe, and the Soviet Union.

  • Women in National Parliaments (1997+)
    World and regional averages of the percentage of women in national parliaments.

  • Women in Parliament, 1945-2003: Cross-National Dataset
    Information on women's inclusion in parliamentary bodies in over 150 countries from 1945 to 2003. Allows for extensive, large-scale, cross-national investigation of the factors that explain women's attainment of political power over time and provides educators with comprehensive international and historical information on women in a variety of political positions. Information is provided on female suffrage, the first female member of parliament, yearly percentages of women in parliaments, when women reached important representational milestones, such as 10 %, 20 %, and 30 % of a legislature, and when women achieved highly-visible political positions, such as prime minister, president, or head of parliament.

  • Women in Prison in the 1990s: A Temporal and Institutional Comparison
    Explores the attitudes, perceptions and experiences of women in 2 prisons in California. Includes both a temporal component comparing women's experiences in one prison in the early 1960s and the mid-1990s, and a comparative institutional component, comparing women's experiences in 2 different prisons operating in the social and policy milieu of the mid-1990s. Analyzes surveys of inmates and secondary data collected from official records, archives, and an earlier study of women in prison in California. Portrayed women's reactions to prison as a function of (1) inmates' pre-prison characteristics, (2) characteristics of inmates' prison careers, (3) institutional structures and processes, (4) crime control ideologies and policies, (5) public attitudes toward crime and criminals, and (6) women's roles, opportunities, and lifestyles in the wider society. Closed-ended questions were developed for the survey designed to measure (1) the most difficult aspects of doing time, (2) the specific problems of prison life, (3) the various types of inmates and inmate relations, and (4) the nature of inmate-staff relations. The survey also included questions based on measures and scales used in penology research and the survey initially administered by Ward and Kassebaum to women prisoners in the 1960s. Demographic questions included age, ethnicity, if born in the United States, length of residence in the United States, marital status, and education.

  • Women's International Nongovernmental Organizations, 1950-2013

  • Women's Movements and Women's Policy Offices in Western Postindustrial Democracies, 1970-2001
    Contains 130 policy debates/observations from 13 countries coded on 28 concepts and over 110 variables. Provides information on women's movements, women's policy offices, policy making processes, and policy debates.

  • Worcester Family Research Project: Baseline Data, 1992-1995
    Collected in order to gather comprehensive qualitative & quantitative data on homeless families and a low-income housed comparison group in Worcester, Massachusetts. The major goal was to gain knowledge about the risk factors for homelessness and its impact on the social, emotional, and cognitive development of children. Data included demographics, information on housing, income, education, jobs, family structure, life events, service utilization, personal network, social resources, history of sexual or violent assault, mental health and substance disorders, and health status. Each child was also directly assessed using a battery of developmentally appropriate instruments and questions.

This page last updated: October 21, 2009