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Finding Data: Data on Sexual Attitudes, Orientation & Behavior


  • Selected Resources for:

    Sexual Attitudes, Orientation & Behavior - Non USA ::

  • Center for Population Research in LGBT Health
    Datasets useful for analysis of issues affecting sexual and gender minority populations in the United States.

  • Data Archive on Adolescent Pregnancy and Pregnancy Prevention (DAAPPP)
    In 1994, the scope of DAAPPP was expanded to include studies that focus more broadly on adolescent sexual health issues, thereby including studies examining behavioral factors related to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in addition to pregnancy.

  • General Social Survey (1972-2016) (GSS)
    Produced biennially since 1994, the GSS is a long running survey of social, cultural and political indicators. In addition to the GSS, topic modules, designed to investigate new issues or to expand the coverage of an existing subject, are administered. Examples of topic modules include computer and Internet, racial and ethnic prejudice, and child mental-health stigma. Also included in ICPSR. The GSS has participated since 1985 in the International Social Survey Program. A listing of modules is available.

    Sample Size: Over the life of the survey, more than 43,000 respondents, with about 3,000 added biennially.

  • General Social Survey Topical Module 1988, 1994, 2002: Sexual Behavior

  • Growth of American Families, 1955-1960
    Women were asked questions about fertility and contraception, including contraceptive use and pregnancy histories, opinions on childbearing and childrearing, expectation of further children, etc. Background information such as marital history, education, income, religion, social characteristics, and place of residence was also collected. Also available through ICPSR.

  • How Couples Meet and Stay Together (HCMST), Wave 1 2009, Wave 2 2010, Wave 3 2011, Wave 4 2013, Wave 5 2015, United States
    Surveyed how Americans met their spouses and romantic partners, and compared traditional to non-traditional couples. Covers data that was gathered over 5 waves. During the 1st wave, respondents were asked about their relationship status, including the gender, ethnicity, and race of their current partner, as well as the level of education of their parents. They were also asked about their living arrangements with their partner, the country, state, and city the respondent and/or the respondent's partner resided in most from birth to age 16, and whether the couple attended the same high school/college/university, or grew up in the same town. Information was collected on the legal status of the relationship, the city/state where the partnership was legalized, and how many times the respondent had previously been married. Additionally, respondents were asked about how often they visited with relatives, which gender they were most attracted to, their earned income in 2008, and the length of their current relationship. Finally, respondents were asked to recall how, when, and where they met their partner, how their parents felt about their partner, and to describe the perceived quality of their relationship. The 2nd wave followed up with respondents one year after Wave 1. Information was collected on respondents' changes, if any, in marital status, relationship status, living arrangements, and reasons for separation where applicable. The 3rd wave followed up with respondents one year after the 2nd wave, and collected information on respondents' relationships reported in the first 2 waves, again including any changes in the status of the relationship and reasons for separation. The 4th wave followed up with respondents 2 years after Wave 3. In addition to information on relationship status and reasons for separation, Wave 4 includes the subjective level of attractiveness for the respondent and their partner. Wave 5 collected updated data on respondents' changes, if any, in marital status, relationship status, and reasons for separation where applicable. Information about respondents' sexual orientations, sex frequencies, and attitudes towards sexual monogamy were also collected. Demographic information includes age, race/ethnicity, gender, level of education, household composition, religion, political party affiliation, and household income.

  • Iowa Youth and Families Project, 1989-1992 (IYFP)
    Contains the first 4 waves. Developed from an initial sample of 451 7th graders from 2-parent families in rural Iowa. Merged with the Iowa Single Parent Project (ISPP) to form the Iowa Family Transitions Project in 1994, when the target youth were seniors in high school. Survey data were collected from the target child (7th grader), a sibling within 4 years of age of the target child, and both parents. Field interviewers visited families at their homes on several occasions to administer questionnaires and videotape interaction tasks including family discussion tasks, family problem-solving tasks, sibling interaction tasks, and marital interaction tasks. The Household Data files contain information about the family's financial situation, involvement in farming, and demographic information about household members. The Parent and the Child Survey Data files contain responses to survey questions about the quality and stability of family relationships, emotional, physical, and behavioral problems of individual family members, parent-child conflict, family problem-solving skills, social and financial support from outside the home, traumatic life experiences, alcohol, drug, and tobacco use, and opinions on topics such as abortion, parenting, and gender roles. In addition, the Child Survey Data files include responses collected from the target child and his or her sibling in the study about experiences with puberty, dating, sexual activity, and risk-taking behavior. The Problem-Solving Data files contain survey data collected from respondents about the family interactions tasks. The Observational Data files contain the interviewers' observations collected during these tasks. Demographic variables include sex, age, employment status, occupation, income, home ownership, religious preference, frequency of religious attendance, as well as the ages and sex of all household members and their relationship to the head of household. Demographic information collected on the parents also includes their birth order within their family, the ages and political philosophy of their parents, the sex, age, education level, and occupation of their siblings, and the country of origin of their ancestors.

  • Lesbian Christian Identity
    Purpose was to explore and distinguish identity management strategies used by lesbian Christians. The strategies were informed by Erving Goffman's book, Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Based on his work, 6 different scales were created: normalization, passing, ambivalence, superiority, minstrelization, and group affiliation. Additionally, a measure of evangelical Christian identity was created using church affiliations, self-identification as an evangelical, and beliefs consonant with evangelicalism. Variables include: the source of dissonance between religious beliefs and sexuality as well as resolution strategies for the dissonance.

  • Murray Research Archive - Diversity Archive (Race, Ethnicity, Sexual Orientation, Religion)
    Consists of numerous studies with racially and ethnically diverse samples. Also houses a number of studies focusing on specific ethnic groups and on ethnic relations.

    Application may need to be made directly to the Murray Research Archive for permission to use the data.

  • National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program (NAHDAP)
    Data relevant to drug addiction and HIV research.

  • National Couples Survey, 2005-2006 (Married and Cohabitating Couples Study and the Dating Couples Study)
    Examined couples' contraceptive decision making (but not consistency of use). Completed interviews were obtained from both partners of 413 married couples, 261 cohabiting couples and 335 dating non-cohabiting heterosexual couples (2,018 individuals), where the female is 20 to 35 years old and the male is 18 or older. Other eligibility criteria are that the female is not currently pregnant, postpartum, or trying to get pregnant, and where both partners are neither medically nor surgically sterile (for whom consistency of contraceptive use is of limited interest). Used computer-assisted self interviewing to collect data from an area probability sample of household residents in 4 cities and their adjacent county subdivisions: Baltimore, MD; Durham, NC; St. Louis, MO; and Seattle, WA. Obtained separate, parallel reports from both partners, providing unique and detailed data on the power relations, birth desires, and method-related expectancies, values, perceptions, preferences, and behaviors of men and women making contraceptive and disease prevention choices within the context of an intimate heterosexual relationship.

  • National Fertility Survey, 1965, 1970, 1975
    Women were asked questions about fertility and contraception, including contraceptive use and pregnancy histories, opinions on childbearing and childrearing, desired family size, future childbearing intentions and expectation of further children. Questions about coital frequency at the time of interview were asked. Marital history, some labor force participation history, and background information such as education, income, religion, social characteristics, and place of residence was also collected. Also available through ICPSR.

  • National Survey of Family Growth (1973+)
    Women were asked questions about fertility and contraception, including contraceptive use and pregnancy histories, desired family size, and expectation of further children. Also reports background information about the respondent and her husband, such as education, religion, ethnic origin, occupation, and earnings. For the final round see the CDC pages.

  • National Survey of Sexual Health & Behavior: Bisexualities Indiana Attitudes Scale
    Provides an assessment of attitudes toward bisexual men and women among a nationally representative sample of heterosexual, gay, lesbian, and "other" identified adults in the United States.

  • New Family Structures Study (NFSS)
    Comparative, social-science data-collection project, which focused on American young adults (ages 18-39) who were raised in different types of family arrangements with varying household experiences. Sample included respondents that had lived in biologically-intact households, lived with cohabiting parents, adoptive, step, or single parents, with parents who had same-sex relationships, or with parents who remarried after divorce. Respondents were asked about a range of topics, including social behaviors: such as educational attainment and performance, work history, risk-taking, and religiosity; health behaviors: such as substance abuse, sexually transmitted infections, and emotional states (depression, anger, and stress), and relationships: including the quality and stability of romantic relationships, marital history, fertility, sexual orientation, and family connectedness. Additional questions asked whether respondents voted in the 2008 presidential election, how much time they spent on various activities; watching TV, gaming, and on social networking sites, and how many Facebook "friends" they had. Demographic information includes age, education level, race, gender, income, marital status, employment status, and household size.

  • Population Research Center at NORC and The University of Chicago
    Makes available data from some of the Population Research Center's projects. Interesting datasets include the National Health and Social Life Survey, the Chicago Health and Social Life Survey, the Chinese Health and Family Life Survey, and the Taiwan Women and Family Studies. Profiles sexual behavior, demography and health.

  • Project 90 (Partial Data)
    Project 90 was a prospective study of the influence of network structure on the dynamics of HIV transmission in a community of high-risk heterosexuals. The data was collected between 1988 and 1992 in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Included in this release are two tab-separated files that describe the structure of the Project 90 network and the individual-level attributes of study participants.

  • Project STRIDE: Stress, Identity, and Mental Health
    Three-year research project that examines the effect of stress and minority identity related to sexual orientation, race/ethnicity and gender on mental health. Describes social stressors that affect minority populations, explores the coping and social support resources that they utilize as they confront these social stressors, and assesses the associations of stress and coping with mental health outcomes including mental disorders and wellbeing. Also explores the impact of various identity characteristics -- such as whether an identity is viewed positively or negatively, or whether it is prominent or not -- on the relationship of stress and mental health outcomes. The study, using extensive quantitative and some qualitative measures, is a longitudinal survey of 525 men and women between the ages 18 and 59 who are residents of New York City. Socio-demographic information collected about respondents included age, education (i.e., highest grade completed ranging from some high school to doctoral degree), race, and Hispanic ethnicity, adopting the measures developed and used by the United States Census Bureau in the United States population survey of 2000. In addition to these items, racial/ethnic identity was also assessed with the question "What is the country of origin related to your or your family's ethnic or national background, if any?" Respondents were allowed to select up to two nations from a comprehensive listing. For the purposes of the study, the instrument also assessed whether or not participants were natives of New York City or migrated as adults. Additional demographic variables include employment status, religion, relationship status, and sexual orientation.

  • Social Justice Sexuality Project: 2010 National Survey, including Puerto Rico
    One of the largest national surveys of Black, Latina/o, Asian and Pacific Islander, and multiracial lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. With over 5,000 respondents, the final sample includes respondents from all 50 states; Washington, DC, and Puerto Rico; in rural and suburban areas, in addition to large urban areas; and from a variety of ages, racial/ethnic identities, sexual orientations, and gender identities. The purpose is to document and celebrate the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people of color. Knowledge-based study that investigates the sociopolitical experiences of this population around 5 themes: racial and sexual identity; spirituality and religion; mental and physical health; family formations and dynamics; civic and community engagement. Demographic variables include: race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, education, religion, household, income, height, weight, location, birthplace, and political affiliation.

  • Sociometrics
    Consists of original research data and instruments on adolescent pregnancy, aging, alternative medicine, demograhy, disability, HIV/AIDS, mental health, poverty, social context, and substance abuse.

  • Start Strong Evaluation Student Survey Data, 2010-2012
    Longitudinal survey of middle school students conducted as part of the evaluation of Start Strong: Building Healthy Teen Relationships, a national program to prevent teen dating violence and abuse by teaching 11- to- 14-year-olds about healthy relationships. 8 schools in 3 of the Start Strong sites participated in the evaluation, 4 implementing Start Strong and 4 which did not have any teen dating violence prevention programs. Topics covered by the 4 waves of the survey, which were conducted in fall 2010, spring 2011, fall 2011 and spring 2012, include self-confidence, self-reported school grades, coping with anger and disagreements, gender roles in relationships, dating violence, bullying, communication with parents and teachers, alcohol use, dating and relationship history, social media use, age of dating partners, school and community resources for dating violence victims, and family background.

  • Survey of State Legislators Relationship with their Districts, 2008
    Data from state legislators within states that passed an initiative or referendum on same-sex marriage and who responded to a fall 2008 mail survey. The legislators were surveyed about information they use to make decisions (including measures of trustee and delegate styles), how much time they and their staff spend on different tasks, how they try to stay in contact with their constituents (communication methods and social media use), as well as their perceptions of their constituents issue positions. Data were also collected about the district population demographics and ideologies. Additional information was collected about the legislators' previous positions, previous election, and their ambitions regarding whether they aspired to hold a similar office or otherwise. Demographic information included in this collection are sex, year born, and political ideology.

  • Toledo Adolescent Relationships Study (TARS) Series
    Explores the relationship qualities and the subjective meanings that motivate adolescent behavior. Seeks to examine the nature and meaning of adolescent relationship experiences (e.g. with family, peers, and dating partners) in an effort to discover how experiences associated with age, gender, race, and ethnicity influence the meaning of dating relationships. Further investigates the relative impact of dating partners and peers on sexual behavior and contraceptive practices, as well as involvement in other problem behaviors that can contribute independently to sexual risk-taking. The longitudinal design of the Toledo Adolescent Relationship Study includes a schedule of follow-up interviews occurring one, three, and five years after the initial interview. Wave 1 was in 2001; Wave 2 in 2002; Wave 5 in 2011.

This page last updated: October 21, 2009