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Finding Data: Data on South Africa

ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY.

  • "Census Microdata Holdings"
    Table listing microdata from international censuses either available at Princeton University or publicly accesible. Note that many are restricted and require permission from the national government to use.

  • African Foreign Relations and Internal Conflict Analysis (AFRICA) Project, 1964-1966
    Data on 14,669 foreign policy acts of 32 sub-Saharan African nations in the period 1964-1966. Acts are defined as official verbal or physical behavior from an African nation toward any other (including non-African) nation, leader, international organization, or group of states. These are further categorized into conflictual or cooperative acts. For each act, information provided includes actor, date, target, setting, WEIS action category, and type of foreign policy instrument used.

  • Afrobarometer
    Independent, nonpartisan research project that measures the social, political and economic atmosphere in Africa. During Round I (July 1999-June 2001), Afrobarometer surveys were conducted in 12 countries. Round 2 surveys were conducted from May 2002 through October 2003 in 16 countries. (Zimbabwe survey was carried out in April & May 2004). Round 3 surveys were conducted in 18 countries from March 2005 through February 2006. Round 4 surveys took place in 20 countries between March 2008 and June 2009. Round 5 surveys took place in 35 countries between 2011 and September 2013. Round 6 surveys began in March 2014. Survey microdata is released to the public 2 years after the first publication of a survey's results. The official site may be more up to date and includes an online analysis tool. See the coverage by country chart.

    Sample Size: Generally, 1,200 or 2,400 adult citizens in each participating country.

  • Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
    Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.

  • Billion Prices Project
    Academic initiative that uses prices collected from hundreds of online retailers around the world on a daily basis to conduct economic research. Data is available for the following: (1) Online - Offline Price Comparison: Online and offline prices for individual goods sold by 56 large multi-channel retailers in 10 countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, Japan, South Africa, UK, and the US. 2014 to 2016 (2) Supermaket Data: Daily prices for all goods sold by 7 of the largest supermarkets in Latin America and the US: 2 in Argentina, 1 in Brazil, 1 in Chile, 1 in Colombia, 1 in Venezuela, and 1 in the US. Covers 2007 to 2011 and (3) Global Retailers Data: Daily prices for all goods sold by APPLE, IKEA, ZARA, and H&M from 2008 to 2013 in 85 countries. Coverage of countries varies by retailer and time (but includes 2008 to 2013).

  • Children, Transport and Mobility in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2007-2008
    Focused on the mobility constraints faced by children in accessing health, educational and other facilities in Ghana, Malawi and South Africa.

  • Climate Change and African Political Stability
    Analyzes how climate change, conflict, governance, and aid intersect to impact African and international security. Includes mapping tools, a climate vulnerability model, and the following datasets: Social Conflict Analysis Database (SCAD) (includes Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean). , Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset (ACLED) , Malawi Geocoded and Climate Aid Dataset, and the Sub-National African Education and Infrastructure Access Data.

  • Committee to Protect Journalists
    Provides data on journalists killed, imprisoned, exiled, or missing. Also includes attacks on the press.

  • Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES)
    Collaborative program of cross-national research among election studies conducted in over fifty states. The CSES is composed of three tightly linked parts: First, a common module of public opinion survey questions is included in each participant country's post-election study. These "micro" level data include vote choice, candidate and party evaluations, current and retrospective economic evaluations, evaluation of the electoral system itself, in addition to standardized sociodemographic measures. Second, district level data are reported for each respondent, including electoral returns, turnout, and the number of candidates. Finally, system or "macro" level data report aggregate electoral returns, electoral rules and formulas, and regime characteristics.

    Covers the United States as well as a number of European democracies, some in Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia.

  • Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976
    Contains information gathered in 5 annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies. Was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. Data includes assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include 4 additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied.

  • Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA)
    Repository of detailed results - including votes received by each candidate/party, total votes cast, number of eligible voters, and seat figures where available - at a constituency level for the lower house legislative elections that have been conducted around the world. The dataset and documentation currently include 1,720 elections from 142 countries. Future releases are being planned that will include more countries & additional elections. Data available in SAS, STATA, SPSS, and raw data formats.

  • Correlates of War (1816+)
    Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.

  • Country Memberships in Selected Intergovernmental Organizations and Accession to Selected Regional and Global Treaty Regimes: Global, Country-Year Format, 1955-2010
    Listing of organizational memberships by country and year.

  • Coups d'Etat 1946-2016
    Event list includes successful, attempted, plotted, and alleged coup events reported in Keesings Record of World Events (Keesings Online) and other sources; successful coups are cross-referenced to the Polity IV data series to distinguish "adverse regime changes" from "autocratic coups"; also listed in the codebook are cases of leadership change that are not considered coups (e.g., assassinations, ouster by foreign forces, victory by rebel forces).

  • Cross-National Indicators of Liberal Democracy (1950-1990)
    Collection of crossnational measures of political democracy containing over 800 variables for most of the world's independent countries. Political, social, and economic measures are available in the data file, and topics include adult suffrage, civil liberties, political rights, the openness, fairness, and competitiveness of the electoral process, executive and legislative selection and effectiveness, political party legitimacy, political participation, limitations on the executive branch of the government, level of democratization, economic openness, constitutional development, government legitimacy, and the outlook for freedom. A series of variables focuses on freedom and barriers to freedom, including freedom of peaceful assembly and association, mail censorship, women's rights, freedom of information and technology, freedom of political opposition, and freedom of the press. Compulsory membership in state organizations and political parties and compulsory religion in schools are addressed as well.

  • Cross-national Nonstandard Work Data
    Country-level dataset with indicators of part-time work and other forms of nonstandard employment based on a sample of 50 countries between 2000 and 2010. The original sources for this dataset include the OECD, Eurostat, International Social Survey Programee, and ESS.

  • Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive
    Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Often referred to as Bank's Cross National Time Series.

  • Data Archive of Social Research on Aging (DASRA)
    Contains various large surveys for the USA: Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1984-1990; Longitudinal Retirement History Study, 1969-1979; Second Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA II): Baseline (Second Supplement on Aging (SOA II), 1994-1996) and Wave 2, Survivor and Decedent Files, 1994-1998, and Wave 3 Survivor and Decedent Files, 1999-2000; National Long-Term Care Survey: 1982, 1984, 1989; Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (Hispanic EPESE), Waves I-IV, 1993-2001; and National Survey of Self-Care and Aging (NSSCA), 1990-1994. Also contains select international studies: National Survey of the Japanese Elderly (NSJE): Wave 1-4, 1987-1996; Study on Global Aging and Adult Health (SAGE) (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russian Federation, and South Africa (2002-2004); and the Study on Global Aging and Adult Health (SAGE): Pilot Study, 2005. Part of Sociometrics.

  • Data on International Election Monitoring: Three Global Datasets on Election Quality, Election Events and International Election Observation
    Focuses on elections and election monitoring throughout the world. Dataset 1, Data on International Election Monitoring (DIEM), codes the assessement and activities of international election monitoring organizations to national-level legislative and presidential elections in 108 countries from 1980-2004. Dataset 2, Quality of Elections Data (QED), codes the quality of national-level legislative and presidential elections in 172 countries from 1978 to 2004. Dataset 3, Supplementary Election Data, includes supplementary information on all direct presidential and legislative elections in 182 countries from 1975-2004.

  • Demographic and Health Surveys
    Used to evaluate population, health, and nutrition programs. Provides national and sub-national data on family planning, maternal and child health, child survival, HIV/AIDS/sexually transmitted infections (STIs), infectious diseases, reproductive health and nutrition. Microdata is available free of charge by request. First check characteristics and sample sizes. See the model questionnaires and the recode manuals. Data is available for:
    • Afghanistan (2010, 2015)
    • Albania (2008/09)
    • Angola (2006/07, 2011, 2015/16)
    • Armenia (2000, 2005, 2010, 2015/16)
    • Azerbaijan (2006)
    • Bangladesh (1993/94, 1996/97, 1999-2001, 2004, 2007, 2011. 2014)
    • Benin (1996, 2001, 2006, 2011/12)
    • Bolivia (1989, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2008)
    • Botswana (1988) (restricted)
    • Brazil (1986, 1991, 1996)
    • Burkina Faso (1993, 1998/99. 2003, 2010)
    • Burundi (1987, 2010, 2012)
    • Cambodia (1998, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2014)
    • Cameroon (1991, 1998, 2004, 2011)
    • Cape Verde (2005)
    • Central African Republic (1994/95)
    • Chad (1996/97, 2004, 2014/15)
    • Colombia (1986, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015)
    • Comoros (1996, 2012)
    • Congo (Brazzaville) (2005, 2009, 2011/12)
    • Congo Democratic Republic (2007, 2013/14)
    • Cote d'Ivoire (1994, 1998/99, 2005, 2011/12)
    • Dominican Republic (1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2007, 2013)
    • Ecuador (1987)
    • Egypt (1988, 1992, 1995-1997, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2014, 2015)
    • El Salvador (1985)
    • Eritrea (1995, 2002) (restricted)
    • Ethiopia (2000, 2005, 2011, 2016)
    • Gabon (2000, 2012)
    • Gambia (2013]
    • Ghana (1988, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2007-2008, 2014)
    • Guatemala (1987, 1995, 1998/99, 2014/15)
    • Guinea (1999, 2005, 2012)
    • Guyana (2005, 2009)
    • Haiti (1994/95, 2000, 2005/06, 2012, 2013)
    • Honduras (2005/06, 2011/12)
    • India (19992/93, 1998/99, 2005/06)
    • Indonesia (1987, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2002-2003, 2007, 2012)
    • Jordan (1990, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2009, 2012)
    • Kazakhstan (1995, 1999)
    • Kenya (1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008/09, 2014)
    • Kyrgyz Republic (1997, 2012)
    • Lesotho (2004, 2009, 2014)
    • Liberia (1986, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013)
    • Madagascar (1992, 1997, 2003/04, 2008/09, 2011, 2013)
    • Malawi (1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2010, 2012-2016)
    • Maldives (2009)
    • Mali (1987, 1995/96, 2001, 2006, 2010, 2013)
    • Mauritania (2000/01, 2003/04) (restricted)
    • Mexico (1987)
    • Moldova (2005)
    • Morocco (1987, 1992, 1995, 2003/04)
    • Mozambique (1997, 2003, 2009, 2011)
    • Myanmar (2015/2016)
    • Namibia (1992, 2000, 2006/07, 2013)
    • Nepal (1987, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011)
    • Nicaragua (1998, 2001)
    • Niger (1992, 1998, 2006)
    • Nigeria (1990, 1999, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2013)
    • Nigeria (Ondo State) (1986)
    • Pakistan (1990/91, 2006/07, 2012/13)
    • Paraguay (1990)
    • Peru (1986, 1991/92, 1996, 2000, 2004-2012)
    • Philippines (1993, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2013)
    • Rwanda (1992, 2000, 2005, 2007/08, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014/15)
    • Sao Tome and Principe (2008/09)
    • Senegal (1986, 1992/93, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008/09, 2010/11, 2012/13, 2014-2016)
    • Sierra Leone (2008, 2013)
    • South Africa (1998)
    • Sri Lanka (1987)
    • Sudan (1989/90)
    • Swaziland (2006/07)
    • Tajikstan (2012)
    • Tanzania (1991/92, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003-2005, 2007/08, 2010-2012, 2015/16)
    • Thailand (1987)
    • Timor Leste (2009)
    • Togo (1988, 1998, 2013/2014)
    • Trinidad and Tobago (1987)
    • Tunisia (1988)
    • Turkey (1993, 1998, 2003)
    • Turkmenistan (2000)
    • Uganda (1988/89, 1995/96, 2000/01, 2004/05 (restricted), 2006, 2009, 2011)
    • Ukraine (2007)
    • Uzbekistan (1996, 2002)
    • Vietnam (1997, 2002, 2005)
    • Yemen (1991/92, 1997(restricted), 2013)
    • Zambia (1992, 1996, 2001/02, 2007, 2013/14)
    • Zimbabwe (1988, 1994, 1999, 2005/06, 2010/11, 2015)
    DHS data are also available through the Minnesota Population Center's Integrated Demographic and Health Series. Registered DHS dataset users can create customized, pre-merged datasets. The current IDHS database includes a subset of variables related to women of childbearing age and incorporates data from 96 samples from 21 countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivorie, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

  • Determinants of Aid in the Post-Cold War Era
    Estimates the responsiveness of aid to recipient countries' economic and physical needs, civil/political rights, and government effectiveness. Looks exclusively at the post-Cold War era and use fixed effects to control for the political, strategic, and other considerations of donors. Finds that aid and per capita income have been negatively related, while aid has been positively related to infant mortality, rights, and government effectiveness.

  • Education Statistics (World Bank)
    Worldwide data on education from national statistical reports, statistical annexes of new publications, and other data sources. Includes public expenditure data.

  • EM-DAT : the International Disaster Database
    Essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present.

  • Enterprise Surveys
    Company-level data on 130,000+ firms in 135 countries (emerging markets and developing economies). Data are used to create indicators that benchmark the quality of the business and investment climate across countries. Also known as "Micro-Enterprise Survey", "Financial Crisis Survey", "Investment Survey", "Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey", and "Informal Survey". Registration is required.

  • Forcibly Displaced Populations, 1964-2008
    World Refugee Survey series, annual, cross-national, time-series data: numbers of "source" and "host" refugees and internally displaced persons,

  • Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
    Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.

  • GDELT Project
    GDELT monitors print, broadcast, and web news media in over 100 languages from across every country in the world to keep continually updated on breaking developments anywhere on the planet. Its historical archives stretch back to January 1, 1979 and update daily (soon to be every 15 minutes). Through its ability to leverage the world's collective news media, GDELT moves beyond the focus of the Western media towards a far more global perspective on what's happening and how the world is feeling about it. "The GDELT Project is an initiative to construct a catalog of human societal-scale behavior and beliefs across all countries of the world, connecting every person, organization, location, count, theme, news source, and event across the planet into a single massive network that captures what's happening around the world, what its context is and who's involved, and how the world is feeling about it, every single day."

  • Generations of Talent Study
    Sought to examine several dimensions of quality of employment as experienced by today's multigenerational workforces. The primary goal was to explore how country-related factors and age-related factors affect employees' perceptions of quality of employment. Information was gathered from employees working in 11 different countries including the United States, United Kingdom, China, India, Spain, Brazil, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, South Africa, and Botswana. The industry sectors included technology, pharmaceuticals, consulting, energy, and finance. Demographic variables included gender, birth year, race/ethnicity, education, marital status, number of children, hourly wage, salary, and household income.

  • Global Barometer
    Represents the largest, most careful and systematic comparative survey of attitudes and values toward politics, power, reform, democracy and citizens' political actions in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Arabic region. Based on a common module of questions contained in regional barometer surveys; for additional regional-specific questions, see the original surveys at www.afrobarometer.org, www.arabbarometer.org, www.asianbarometer.org and www.latinobarometro.org. Cross-national comparative surveys have been implemented in 55 political systems -namely Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Vietnam, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Benin, Botswana, Cape Verde, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Jordan, Palestine, Algeria, Morocco, Kuwait and Lebanon. In each of the 55 countries or regions, a national research team administers a country-wide face-to-face survey using standardized survey instruments to compile the required micro-level data under a common research framework and research methodology.

  • Global Bilateral Migration Database
    Global matrices of bilateral migrant stocks spanning the period 1960-2000, disaggregated by gender and based primarily on the foreign-born concept are presented. Over one thousand census and population register records are combined to construct decennial matrices corresponding to the last 5 completed census rounds.

  • Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Adult Population Survey Data Set, 1998-2012
    Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries.

  • Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM): Expert Questionnaire Data, 1999-2003
    Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries. Seeks to measure the national attributes considered critical for new firm births and small firm growth.

    Sample Size: 4,685 experts from over 38 countries and 3 subnational regions: Hong Kong, Shenzhen (China), and Taiwan.

  • Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) Database (2011+)
    Measures how people around the world - including the poor, women, and rural residents - manage their day-to-day finances and plan for the future. Expected to be conducted every 3 years. First round included 140 countries.

  • Global Snap Poll on Tsunami in Japan and Impact on Views About Nuclear Energy, 2011
    Carried out by WIN-Gallup International from March 21 to April 10, 2011, in 47 countries across the globe. Aimed to measure public views about the tragic earthquake in Japan and its impact on opinions about nuclear energy. Respondents were asked whether they were in favor of or opposed to the use of nuclear energy as one of the ways to provide electricity to the world, whether they have heard or read about the earthquake and tsunami that hit parts of Japan, and whether they have heard or read about the leakage of radiation from nuclear reactors in Japan as a result of the earthquake. Respondents were also queried on what their views were about nuclear energy before the earthquake in Japan, what their major source of information about the tsunami and earthquake in Japan was, their view on how Japan's economy would recover, whether they were concerned about the possibility of a nuclear incident in their own country, and whether they thought that nuclear power plants in their country were properly secured against accidents. Demographic variables include sex, age, marital status, race, income, education level, employment status, religious preference, and type of residential area (e.g., urban or rural).

  • Global Terrorism Database (1970+)
    Open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world. Unlike many other event databases, includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 150,000 cases.

  • Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in South Africa [HAALSI] Baseline Survey: Agincourt, South Africa, 2015
    Population-based survey that aims to examine and characterize a population of older men and women in rural South Africa with respect to health, physical and cognitive function, aging, and well-being, in harmonization with other Health and Retirement Studies. The baseline survey was conducted among 5,059 men and women aged 40 years or older, who were sampled from within the existing framework of the Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance system (AHDSS), in rural Mpumalanga province, South Africa. Survey data were collected on cognitive and physical functioning, social networks, cardiometabolic disease and risk factors, HIV and HIV risk, and economic well-being. The survey also included anthropometric measures and point-of-care blood tests for hemoglobin, glucose and lipids. Dried bloodspots (DBS) were collected at the survey and later tested for HIV, HIV viral load, glucose and CRP. A sub-sample had more extensive laboratory follow-up testing, which will be available in future data releases. Demographic information includes age, sex, income, education, marital status, number of children, and employment.

  • Immigration Policy: 1783-2010 [Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom, United States]
    Measures the restrictiveness of immigration policy for low-skill immigration in the 19 listed countries from the 19th century through to today. The measure is comparable across countries and across time. In addition, the sub-measures used to create the immigration policy variables are included as well.

  • Intergroup Contact and the Construction of Racial Inequality and Injustice in Post-Apartheid South Africa, 2006-2007
    Two surveys were conducted in post-apartheid South Africa to explore, among other factors, attitudes towards race-targeted policies, perceptions of racial justice and discrimination, and racial prejudice. Also examined people's experiences of inter-racial contact in terms of both its frequency and its quality and were designed to explore the relationship between such contact and various kinds of political attitudes. Survey 1 sampled black, coloured, Indian & white South Africans. Survey 2 sampled white & black South Africans. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • International Crisis Behavior Project (1918-2013)
    Consists of 470 crises and 1,036 crisis actors.

  • International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Datasets
    In collaboration with institutions throughout the world, IFPRI is often involved in the collection of primary data and the compilation and processing of secondary data. The resulting datasets provide a wealth of information at the local (household and community), national, and global levels. Includes geospatial data, household and community-level surveys, institution-level surveys, regional data, and social accounting matrices.

  • International Military Intervention (1946-2005)
    Updates International Military Intervention (IMI), 1946-1988. This newer study documents 447 intervention events from 1989 to 2005. To ensure consistency across the full 1946-2005 time span, the original coding procedures were followed. The data collection thus "documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states" in the international system). "Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute". As with the original IMI (OIMI) collection, the 1989-2005 dataset includes information on actor and target states, as well as starting and ending dates. It also includes a categorical variable describing the direction of the intervention, i.e., whether it was launched in support of the target government, in opposition to the target government, or against some third party actor within the target state's borders. The intensity of the military intervention is captured in ordinal variables that document the scale of the actor's involvement, "ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, act of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling or bombing". Casualties that are a direct result of the military intervention are coded as well. A novel aspect of IMI is the inclusion of a series of variables designed to ascertain the motivations or issues that prompted the actor to intervene, including to take sides in a domestic dispute in the target state, to affect target state policy, to protect a socio-ethnic or minority group, to attack rebels in sanctuaries in the target state, to protect economic or resource interests, to intervene for strategic purposes, to lend humanitarian aid, to acquire territory or to dispute its ownership, and to protect its own military/diplomatic interests. The variable, civilian casualties, which complements IMI's information on the casualties suffered by actor and target military personnel has been added. OIMI variables on colonial history, previous intervention, alliance partners, alignment of the target, power size of the intervener, and power size of the target have been deleted.

  • International Religious Freedom Data (2001, 2003, 2005, 2008)
    Contains aggregate measures from U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Reports. This coding produced data on 196 different countries and territories but excluded the United States. Also includes 3 indexes calculated from these data: Government Regulation of Religion index, Social Regulation of Religion index, Government Favoritism of Religion index. Part of the Association of Religion Data Archives. 2008 is found separately.

  • International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (1985+)
    For the latest see the site's web page. A listing of modules performed as well as plans through 2020 is available (including questionnaires for not-yet-released years). Ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. Every survey includes questions about general attitudes toward various social issues such as the legal system, sex, and the economy. Special topics have included the environment, the role of government, social inequality, social support, family and gender issues, work orientation, the impact of religious background, behavior, and beliefs on social and political preferences, and national identity. Participating countries vary for each topical module. Registration is required. 1998-2007 is also available in an easy to use comparative program.

  • IPUMS - Fertility and Mortality Records
    Some IPUMS samples include separate data files documenting fertility or mortality events in the period prior to the census. These data do not fit within the data structure of the IPUMS extracts, because they can include multiple observations per household or per woman. Researchers must download the files and link them to data from the IPUMS extract system.

    Mortality samples are currently available for Brazil (2010), Burkina Faso (1996), Cambodia (2008), El Salvador (1992, 2007), Ethiopia (2007), Guinea (1983), Indonesia (1976), Malawi (1987, 1998, 2008), Mali (1987, 1998), Mozambique (2007), Nepal (2001), Rwanda ((2002), Senegal (2002), Sierra Leone (2004), South Africa (2001, 2007, 2011), South Sudan (2008), Sudan (2008), Uganda (2002), and Zambia (2010).

    Fertility samples are currently available for Guinea (1983) and Mali (1987, 1998).

    Several IPUMS samples have comparable data organized as a series of variables on the household record. These unharmonized variables can be accessed through the data extract system: Mortality - Burkina Faso (1985), Cameroon (1976, 1987), Haiti (2003), Panama (2000), Tanzania (1988), and Vietnam (1989, 1999). Registration is required.

  • IPUMS-International Census Data
    Project dedicated to collecting and distributing census data from around the world. Samples are currently available for Argentina (1970, 1980, 1991, 2001, 2010), Armenia (2001, 2011), Austria (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Bangladesh (1991, 2001, 2011), Belarus (1999, 2009), Bolivia (1976, 1992, 2001), Botswana (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Brazil (1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010), Burkina Faso (1985, 1996, 2006), Cambodia (1998, 2008), Cameroon (1976, 1987, 2005), Canada (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Chile (1960, 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002), China (1982, 1990, 2000), Colombia (1964, 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005), Costa Rica (1963, 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011), Cuba (2002), Dominican Republic (1960, 1970, 1981, 2002, 2010), Ecuador (1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010), Egypt (1986, 1996, 2006), El Salvador (1992, 2007), Ethiopia [1984, 1994, 2007], Fiji (1966, 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007), France (1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2011), West Germany (1970, 1987), East Germany (1971, 1981) Ghana (1984, 2000, 2010), Greece (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Guinea (1983, 1996), Haiti (1971, 1982, 2003), Hungary (1970, 1980, 1990, 2001, 2011, India (1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004, 2009 -- all employment surveys), Indonesia (1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Iran (2006, 2011), Iraq (1997), Ireland (1971, 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2002, 2006, 2011), Israel (1972, 1983, 1995), Italy (2001), Jamaica (1982, 1991, 2001), Jordan (2004), Kenya (1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009), Kyrgyz Republic (1999, 2009), Liberia (1974, 2008), Malawi (1987, 1998, 2008), Malaysia (1970, 1980, 1991, 2000), Mali (1987, 1998, 2009), Mexico (1960, 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015), (Mongolia 1989, 2000), Morocco (1982, 1994, 2004), Mozambique [1997, 2007], Nepal (2001), Netherlands (1960, 1971, 2001), Nicaragua (1971, 1995, 2005), Nigeria (2006-2010), Pakistan (1973, 1981, 1998), Palestine (1997, 2007), Panama (1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010), Paraguay [1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002], Peru (1993, 2007), Philippines (1990, 1995, 2000), Poland (1978, 1988, 2002, 2011), Portugal (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Puerto Rico (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Romania (1977, 1992, 2002, 2011), Rwanda (1991, 2002), Saint Lucia (1980, 1991), Senegal (1988, 2002), Sierra Leone (2004), Slovenia (2002), South Africa (1996, 2001, 2007, 2011), Spain (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), South Sudan (2008), Sudan (2008), Switzerland (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Tanzania (1988, 2002, 2012), Thailand (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Trinidad and Tobago (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011), Turkey (1985, 1990, 2000), Uganda (1991, 2001), Ukraine (2001), United Kingdom (1991, 2001), United States (1850+), Uruguay (1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2011), Venezuela (1971, 1981, 1990, 2001), Vietnam (1989, 1999, 2009), Zambia (1990, 2000, 2010). Registration is required.

  • Justice of Land in a Land of Injustice, 2004
    Examined the lingering effects of Apartheid, with a focus on land distribution. Respondents were asked about their media usage, their interest in politics, whether they discussed politics with others, the general economic situation in South Africa, and their family's standard of living. They were then asked about their relationships with other people, including whether they got along with those with differing opinions, viewpoints, and values. Respondents were also asked about property rights. Questions included whether the land rights of the wealthy should be reduced, if community rights were more important than individual rights, if only property owners should be allowed to vote, if people had a right to land they had lived on for a long time despite not owning it, whether people should receive compensation if their land should be taken away for land reform, the possible consequences of taking away land rights, if land should be taken away from certain groups only, or whether all land right claims should be denied. Respondents were queried about civil rights and freedoms. Questions included how important rights such as free speech, the right to protest, and the right to land ownership were to them. They were also asked whether it was acceptable for the police to search houses without permission in order to fight crime and if sometimes it would be necessary to ignore the law to solve problems. Respondents were then asked to list the groups they do and do not identify with, and how they felt about being a member of a group. They were asked to self-categorize into groups and then queried about their interactions and relations with other groups. They were asked how much contact they had with other groups and how many of their "true" friends were members of different groups. Respondents were also asked how well they understood the customs of other groups, if they were uncomfortable being around or sharing the same political party with a group, and if South Africa would be better off if other groups were not present. Next, respondents were asked about Apartheid. Questions included how many Black people were harmed by Apartheid, if large companies both inside and outside of South Africa were to blame for the harm done, and whether these companies should be forced to pay for the harm they caused under Apartheid. Additionally, they were queried about their life under Apartheid compared to their current life, including past experiences such as having to use a pass to move around, and being assaulted by the police. Respondents were also asked about their knowledge of government organizations including the South African Constitutional Court and Parliament, and their satisfaction with these organizations. They were then asked how important certain issues were to them such as drugs, unemployment, and racial reconciliation. Additionally, they were asked about the election of leaders, and whether multi-party elections were effective ways to choose those leaders. Respondents were also asked about the goods they owned and their financial assets. The survey also included several vignettes with scenarios of land disputes, which were read to the respondents. They were then asked their opinions of the possible outcomes of these vignettes. Demographic information included age, year of birth, highest education level completed, language spoken mostly at home, attendance at places of religious worship, religion, employment status, household composition, how long they have lived in their current community, whether that community had a Traditional Leader, ownership of goods, membership in organizations, whether someone close has died of AIDS, has AIDS, or are HIV positive, and province, size, and metropolitan area of residence. Finally, interviewer attributes and observations are included.

  • Labour Force Survey (South Africa) (1999+)
    Twice-yearly rotating panel household survey, specifically designed to measure the dynamics of employment and unemployment in South Africa. Free registration is required. Princeton has 2000-2002 in house.

  • Labour Market Dynamics in South Africa (2008+)
    Registration is required.

  • Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) household surveys
    Established by the World Bank in 1980 to explore ways of improving the type and quality of household data collected by government statistical offices in developing countries. Objectives were to develop new methods for monitoring progress in raising levels of living, to identify the consequences for households of current and proposed government policies, and to improve communications between survey statisticians, analysts, and policymakers. Surveys have been conducted in more than two dozen countries. See the LSMS Data Set Finder for topics by country.

    Data is available for download from the web site for:

    • Albania 1996 (requires permission), 2002-2005, 2008, 2012
    • Azerbaijan 1995
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina 2001-2004
    • Brazil 1996-1997
    • Bulgaria 1995, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2007
    • China 1995, 1997
    • Cote d'Ivoire 1985-1988
    • Ethiopia 2011-2012, 2013-2014
    • Guatemala 2000
    • India 1997-1998
    • Iraq 2006-2007, 2012-2013
    • Yugoslavia- Kosovo 2000
    • Kyrgyz Republic 1993, 1996-1998
    • Malawi 2004-2005 (restricted), 2010-2011, 2013 (unrestricted)
    • Nicaragua 1993, 1998-1999, 2001, 2005
    • Niger 2011
    • Nigeria 2010-2011, 2012-2013
    • Panama 1997, 2003, 2008
    • Papua New Guinea 1996
    • Peru 1985, 1990-1991, 1994
    • Serbia 2002, 2003, 2007
    • South Africa 1993
    • Tajikistan 1999, 2003, 2007, 2009
    • Tanzania 1991-1994, 2004, 2008-2011
    • Timor Leste 2001, 2007
    • Uganda 2010-2012

    Surveys have been done in other countries but procedures for obtaining the data vary.

    • Armenia 1996
    • Ecuador 1994,1995,1998
    • Ghana 1987-1989, 1991-1992, 1998-1999, 2005-2006
    • Guyana 1992-1993
    • Jamaica 1988-2000
    • Kazakhstan 1996
    • Morocco 1991
    • Nepal 1996, 2003-2004, 2010-2011
    • Pakistan 1991
    • Romania 1994-1995
    • Viet Nam 1992-1993, 1997-1998, 2002-2004

  • Luxembourg Income Studies (LIS)
    Household income surveys involving 43 countries. Also available are the Luxembourg Employment Study, a database containing data on labor force characteristics for 16 countries (ceased in 2000 and incorporated into LIS), and the Luxembourg Wealth Study, a database containing data on household wealth in 12 countries. Users must register to gain access, but registration is free for academic use. For variables in the LIS and LWS over time see their web sites.

  • Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946-2016
    Annual, cross-national, time-series data on interstate, societal, and communal warfare magnitude scores (independence, interstate, ethnic, and civil; violence and warfare); also, scores for neighboring countries and regional context

  • Manifesto Project Database
    Deals with different aspects of political party performance as well as the structure and development of party systems. Based on quantitative content analyses of parties' election programs from more than 50 countries covering all free, democratic elections since 1945.

  • Manpower Employment Outlook Survey (1st Quarter 2007+)
    Indicator of hiring activity for the next quarter. The forecast includes responses from over 65,000 employers in 42 countries and covers the world's major labor markets.

  • Manpower Survey 1965-1994
    Survey of enterprises in South Africa that provided industry and occupation data by gender and race. Covered both the private and public sector, but excluded workers in the informal sector and agricultural sector, and domestic workers in private households. Enterprise details for the survey sample were obtained from government sources, and the survey instrument was a form mailed to enterprise managers.

  • Measurement of Cross-cutting Cleavages and Other Multidimensional Cleavage Structures
    Contains 69 new indices for race, ethnicity, language, religion, income, and geography.

  • Measuring Brain Drain by Gender 1990-2000
    Emigration stocks and rates are provided by level of schooling and gender for 195 source countries in 1990 and 2000.

  • Migration and Remittances Factbook

  • Migration and Remittances Surveys

  • Migration Household Survey 2009 (South Africa)
    Includes data on migration and remittance behavior in South Africa.

  • Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1945+)
    Tracks 282 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. Focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have "political significance" in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. Political significance is determined by: (1) The group collectively suffers, or benefits from, systematic discriminatory treatment compared to other groups in a society and (2) The group is the basis for political mobilization and collective action in defense or promotion of its self-defined interests.

  • National Income Dynamics Study (2008+)
    Face-to-face longitudinal survey of individuals living in South Africa as well as their households. Designed to give effect to the dimensions of the well-being of South Africans, to be tracked over time. At the broadest level, these were: Wealth creation in terms of income and expenditure dynamics and asset endowments; Demographic dynamics as these relate to household composition and migration; Social heritage, including education and employment dynamics, the impact of life events (including positive and negative shocks), social capital and intergenerational developments; Access to cash transfers and social services.

  • Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) Database
    Contains occupational wage data for 161 occupations in 171 countries from 1983 to 2008.

  • OECD Health Data
    Examines national health systems from 1960 forward for OECD member countries and select non-OECD countries in a general, demographic, economic, and social context.

  • Offshoring and Outsourcing Innovation? The New Challenge for Multinationals, 2007-2010
    Western multinationals are now increasingly locating their research and development (R&D) activities in the emerging economies of China and India. This offshoring of innovation raises the following questions for policy makers and multinational firms: 1) What is the extent and nature of outsourcing and offshoring innovation, especially to emerging economies like India and China? 2) What are the main drivers of the globalisation of innovation? Answering these questions involved collecting secondary data on the R&D locations of the world's largest multinationals. The sample covers a wide range of industries, including pharmaceuticals, chemicals, electronics, engineering, and equipment manufacturing. Data were collected in 4 steps. First, an in-depth search of corporate and subsidiary websites across individual countries was used to objectively identify the location and number of R&D facilities across nations. Second, these data were cross-checked and complemented with searches of the Factiva and Corporate Affiliations databases. Factiva provides news reports from global media, and includes reports of R&D activities. Corporate Affiliations is a repository of information of corporations' affiliates, subsidiaries, and divisions worldwide. Third, a subset of these data were further cross-checked by matching the locations of R&D centres with the addresses of inventors of patents assigned in the last 3 years to these firms; the Delphion database and the US Patent and Trade Office website were used for these searches. Fourth, managers of individual firms were contacted to clarify contradictions. Includes Fortune 500 companies listed in 2008 (excluding financial services firms) in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, UK & USA.These data are under embargo at the request of the depositor until 1 January 2012. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Pew Global Attitudes Project
    Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.

  • Political Business Cycles in Open Economies in 28 Developing Countries From Latin America, Asia, and Africa, 1976-2002
    Looked at whether opportunistic and partisan business cycles influence fiscal policy in 28 developing countries when controlling for de facto exchange rate regimes and capital mobility. Several issues were investigated: 1) opportunistic business cycles, whether elections cause the governments budget balance (taxes minus spending) to experience fiscal expansion (lower taxes and higher spending) in order to stimulate the economy; 2) partisan business cycles, whether left-wing parties engage in more fiscal expansion; 3) whether growing capital mobility (the ability of financial capital to move across borders) will encourage or inhibit a government's ability to engage in fiscal expansion with an impending election or left-wing party; and 4) whether the exchange rate regime (the rules for determining the exchange rate) is a mitigating factor.

  • Political Events Project, 1948-1965
    Contains data on 6,754 political instability events in 84 selected nations in the period 1948-1965. These data, which permit measurement of political instability and the correlates of internal conflict behavior, are concerned with conflict directed by groups and individuals in the prevailing political system against other groups or persons, and with uncovering the determinants of stability within all national political systems. The variables in the dataset are divided into four basic types: variables that identify events, classify events, describe events, and evaluate events. The study provides a conflict intensity rating for each event. Political instability events are classified from low to high and include institutionally prescribed elections, the fall of cabinets, martial laws, assassinations of significant group leaders, mass arrests, coup d'etats, and civil wars.

  • Political Regimes and Regime Transitions in Africa, 1910-1994
    Focuses on political regimes and regime transitions in 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The first part contains information on the characteristics of post-colonial political regimes from independence to December 31, 1989. Economic variables include GNP per capita, inflation, structural adjustment programs, overseas development assistance, and external debt, while social indicators concern ethnic & religious fragmentation. Political variables provide a listing of every national election in Africa from independence to 1989, for totals of presidential and parliamentary contests, the number of political parties, association groups, and media outlets in each country in 1975 and 1989, and type of political regime, including the duration of each regime in years and the total number and mode of previous regime transitions up to 1989. The second part covers the political dynamics of regime transitions from 1990-1994. Includes political protests, liberalization reforms, elections, and changes of government in each country. In addition, there is a complete set of standard election results for every multiparty contest in Africa from 1990-1994, along with information on whether observers ruled the vote as free and fair, whether incumbents were ousted, and whether losers accepted the results.

  • Polity IV: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-2016
    Contains information on and access to the most recent update of the well-known and highly respected Polity data series, originally designed by Ted Robert Gurr. Polity IV contains coded annual information on regime and authority characteristics for all independent states (with greater than 500,000 total population) in the global state system.

  • Polling the Nations
    Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.

  • Population Exposure Estimates in Proximity to Nuclear Power Plants, Locations
    Provides a global data set of point locations and attributes describing nuclear power plants and reactors.

  • Post Apartheid Labour Market Series 1994-2012
    Registration is required.

  • RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents
    Records terrorist incidents that occurred from 1968-2009. Free registration is required.

  • Religion and State Constitutions, 1990-2002
    Set of measures that systematically gauge the intersection between government and religion. Examines constitutional clauses that address religion for 169 states on a yearly basis between 1990 and 2002. This constitutes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more, as well as a sampling of smaller states.

  • Research on Early Life and Aging Trends and Effects (RELATE): A Cross-National Study (1996--2008)
    Compiles cross-national data that contain information that can be used to examine the effects of early life conditions on older adult health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, obesity, functionality, mortality, and self-reported health. The complete cross sectional/longitudinal dataset (n=147,278) was compiled from major studies of older adults or households across the world that in most instances are representative of the older adult population either nationally, in major urban centers, or in provinces. It includes over 180 variables with information on demographic and geographic variables along with information about early life conditions and life course events for older adults in low, middle and high income countries. Selected variables were harmonized to facilitate cross national comparisons.

  • Seki-Williams Government and Ministers Data
    Government composition data from 1945 to 2014.

  • SIPRI's databases (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
    Includes databases including statistics on securty trends, multilateral peace operations, military expenditures, arms transfers, arms embargoes, and arms exports.

  • Siyakha Nentsha: Enhancing the Health, Economic and Social Capabilities of Highly Vulnerable Young People, 2008-2011
    Randomized experiment that targeted young people in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. Addressed the real-life economic, social and health challenges young people encounter on a daily basis. The educational programme developed for the intervention was accredited by the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA, the national government body that accredits education and training curricula) meaning that not only will young people who complete the program have received valuable skills, but that they have documentation of these skills that can be used in future job searches. Siyakha Nentsha was delivered in secondary schools during school hours. It was led by young adult mentors who were chosen from the local community and received extensive training. Sessions with students occurred 2-3 times per week and each was approximately 1 hour in length. The long-term objective of the programme is to improve lifelong functional capabilities and well-being of adolescent females and males who face high risks for HIV, teenage pregnancy, school dropout, and unemployment, coupled with the actual or potential loss of one or both parents. The skills are geared to help offer protective strategies against HIV and mechanisms for coping with and mitigating the impacts of AIDS, with the long-term goal of building economic, social and health assets. The study has 3 intervention arms: control, partial intervention and full intervention. These arms were randomized at the classroom level for 10th and 11th graders in Round 1 in 7 secondary schools. One school that received a delayed intervention served as the control sample. The 2 versions of the intervention differ in that the full version includes HIV/AIDS education, social capital building, and financial capabilities, whereas the partial version omits the financial capabilities component. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • South Africa - General Household Survey
    Annual household survey specifically designed to measure the living circumstances of South African households. Collects data on education, health and social development, housing, household access to services and facilities, food security, and agriculture. Free registration is required. Preceded by the October Household Survey.

  • South Africa - Impact Evaluation of the Upgrading of Informal Settlements Programme 2010

  • South Africa - Income and Expenditure Survey 2010-2011

  • South Africa - Migration Household Survey 2009

  • South Africa Limpopo Basin Climate Change Adaptation Dataset
    This household survey was conducted as part of a project aimed to provide policymakers and stakeholders in South Africa with tools to better understand, analyze, and form policy decisions to adapt to global change.

  • South Africa: KwaZulu-Natal Income Dynamics Study (KIDS), 1993-1998
    Combines the KwaZulu-Natal portion of the 1st South African national household survey, the Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development (PSLSD) with a re-survey of the same households from March to June 1998. Combining the 2 surveys yields a panel dataset in which the same individuals and households have been interviewed at 2 points in time. In 1993, the KwaZulu-Natal portion of the PSLSD sample was representative at the provincial level, conditional on the accuracy of the 1991 census and other information used for the sampling frame, and contained 1519 households of all races. It was decided not to re-survey the small number of white (112) and coloured (53) households in 1998. So the 1998 sample includes only African and Indian households. The 1993 survey was an integrated household survey similar in design to a World Bank Living Standards Measurement Survey. The main component was a comprehensive household survey that collected a broad array of information on the socio-economic condition of households and included sections on household demographics, household environment, education, food and non-food expenditures, remittances, employment and income, agricultural activities, health, and anthropometry. The 1998 household questionnaire largely followed the 1993 version with a few important changes: (1) greater focus on individual ownership of assets and control over their use; (2) expanded emphasis on those individuals not living in the household but economically linked to it; (3) four new sections on economic shocks, social capital, assets brought to marriage, and household decisionmaking. Community surveys were also completed in both years; the 1998 community questionnaire included new sections on economic shocks and social capital in addition to sections on local economic activity, infrastructure, and prices. Must be requested from IFPRI.

  • South Africa: KwaZulu-Natal Income Dynamics Study (KIDS), 2004
    The 3rd round of the KwaZulu-Natal Income Dynamics Study (KIDS) dataset contains information on the socio-economic circumstances of households. This 3rd round conducted in 2004 re-interviewed households contacted in 1993 and 1998. The 2004 questionnaire is based on the original 1993. It includes the collection of anthropometric data from children aged 6 years or less. New modules include the administration of a literacy test to children aged 7-9 years, a module on employment histories, and a module on the Child Support Grant (CSG). Also, several existing modules have been expanded or amended, including the information on deaths in the household, the module on health and caring, that on social capital and the information collected on children. Must be requested from IFPRI.

  • South African Data Archive
    The national data archive for South Africa. Registration is required.

  • South African Income and Expenditure Survey 1995 and 2000
    Comprehensive national survey has been conducted every 5 years to gather data on the income and expenditure of households in South Africa. The objectives are to:
    • determine the weights for the CPI;
    • present the earning and spending capacity of S.A. households; and
    • identify the pattern of household consumption.
    The survey includes households throughout the country, including the 13 historical metropolitan areas as well as other urban areas and rural areas. Data of the 1995 and 2000 surveys are available. 2005/2006 can be requested directly from the South African Data Archive.

  • South African October Household Survey (1995-1999)
    1993 and 1994 are available through free registration with the South African Data Archive. The questions included are on: particulars of and services in the dwelling; perceived quality of life; socio-biographic information; Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP)-related information on unemployment; the informal and formal sectors; statistics on births and deaths. The followup title is the General Household Survey.

  • South African Population Census (1991, 1996)
    The 1991 Census was enumerated according to the place where the persons were located during data collection in 1991. Data is available in both Stata and SAS formats. The 1996 Population Census contains the 10% sample of unit records from South Africa's 1996 population census. Data were gathered in October 1996.

  • South African Schools Data Base 1996 and 1996 (revised)
    Consists of a schools database in MS Access 97 format. There are detailed geographic information such as magisterial districts, national roads, provincial and national boundaries of the schools in the data base.

  • South African Time Use Survey (2000)
    Provides new information on the division of both paid and unpaid labor between women and men; and generates insight into productive activities such as subsistence work, casual work, and work in the informal sector.

  • Southern African Subsystem Events Data, 1973-1976
    Event/interaction data characterizing over 13,000 events related to affairs in Southern Africa. An event/interaction is defined as an activity undertaken by an international or transnational actor wherein it may be inferred that the actor has undertaken the activity in order to affect the behavior of the target of the event. The actor or target is defined as one of nine core states (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Malawi, South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, and Swaziland), 17 liberation movements within those states (e.g., the ANC, MPLA, and FNLA), seven Bantu homelands (Bophutha Tswana, Ciskei, Ganzankulu, Kwazulu, Lebowa, Transkei, and Vhavenda), five peripheral African powers (Zaire, Tanzania, Zambia, Malagasy Republic, and Mauritius), 11 non-African powers "intrusive" in the region (United States, Brazil, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Portugal, West Germany, Soviet Union, China, Japan, and Cuba), and eight international organizations (e.g., NATO, EEC, and OAU). Two versions of the data were created: Part 1, which contains numeric data only, and Part 2, which includes text that briefly describes each event/interaction. Contents of the files include types of action (including both conflictual and cooperative verbal evaluation or perceptions, verbal desire, verbal intent, and physical deeds), issue areas over which the actors interact (coded in five main values categories: security, territory, status, human resources, and nonhuman resources), dyad descriptions, change-continue scale, multilateral-unilateral scale, isolationist-internationalist scale, event source, and year, month, day, and page of source.

  • Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals
    Investigates the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. Includes surveys in 10 countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile, Guatemala, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, India, the Philippines, and South Korea. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis.

  • State Fragility Index and Matrix, Time-Series Data, 1995-2016
    Provides annual state fragility, effectiveness, and legitimacy indices and the 8 component indicators for the world's 167 countries with populations greater than 500,000 in 2016.

  • Statistical Abstracts of the World (ProQuest)
    For a select list of countries, contains recent yearbooks. Tables are available in Excel format and have been converted to English.

  • Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009)
    Includes data for 49 countries. Dates vary by country but range from 1980-2009. For post 2009, use ILOSTAT. Once in click on "Browse by subject" then "Yearly indicators" then Industrial Relations.

    Citation:
    Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009) (Electronic File)
    Producer: International Labor Office

  • Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Survey, 2010
    Explores key findings from more than 25,000 face-to-face interviews conducted on behalf of the Pew Research Center's Forum on Religion & Public Life in more than 60 languages or dialects in Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, and Tanzania from December 2008 to April 2009. The countries were selected to span this vast geographical region and to reflect different colonial histories, linguistic backgrounds and religious compositions.

  • Survey of Truth and Reconciliation in South Africa, 2000-2001
    Explored the relationship between truth acceptance and reconciliation among South Africans during and since the political transition from Apartheid to democracy.

  • Survey Study of 43 Supreme Court Common Law Judges on the Use of Foreign Law in Constitutional Rights Cases
    Survey study of 43 judges from the British House of Lords, the Caribbean Court of Justice, the High Court of Australia, and the Supreme Courts of Ireland, India, Israel, South Africa, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States on the use of foreign law in constitutional rights cases. As the focus of attempts to both explain and justify the use of foreign law in constitutional discourse, the attitudes of apex judges are clearly at issue. Aims to shed light on how common law judges view foreign law as a source of argument in constitutional rights matters, and how they "see" transnational sources.

  • Terra Populus: Integrated Data on Population and Environment
    Integrates the world's population and environmental data, including population censuses and surveys; land cover information from remote sensing; climate records from weather stations; and land use records from statistical agencies. Currently includes over 80 countries.

  • Third International Mathematics and Science Study: International Curriculum Analysis, 1992-1995 (TIMSS)
    Provided curricular and textbook information from each country participating. Comparative study of education in mathematics and the sciences conducted in over 40 countries on 5 continents. The goal was to measure student achievement in mathematics and science in participating countries and to assess some of the curricular and classroom factors that are related to student learning in these subjects.

  • Transnational Social Movement Organization Dataset, 1953-2003
    Brings new data to the investigation of relationships between globalization, social movements, and political change. Aims to enhance understanding of the organizational foundations for transnational activism, namely the population of transnational social movement organizations. Contains 301 variables. The variables were either taken directly from the Yearbook of International Organizations, or created from information in the Yearbook.

  • United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems
    Collects data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. Results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The surveys were started in 1977, covering 5-year intervals from 1970-1994. Starting in 1995 surveys cover 2 or 3 year intervals. Data may also be accessed through ICPSR.

  • Voice of the People Series (2005+)
    Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.

  • WHO Mortality Database
    World Health Organization compilation of mortality data by age, sex and cause of death, as reported annually by member states from their civil registration systems.

  • Women in Development Series (1979-1980, 1983)
    Series of studies on women in development in 1970 with data drawn primarily from national censuses, surveys, statistical abstracts, and international statistical compendia. References are also made in some cases to evaluative studies conducted by individual researchers, research teams, and the staff of the International Demographic Data Center of the Bureau. These data constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The aim of this data series was to provide a reliable, up-to-date, accessible database on women in development which can illuminate the discrepancies in the roles and status of women against those of men throughout the world in order to serve as a basis for the promotion of both intranational and international parity between the sexes. The studies that comprise the Women in Development series consist of national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socio-economic variables. Wherever possible, the data are broken down by age and urban/rural residence to facilitate further analysis. The series is cumulative and the data are presented in basic tabular format. Initially, the data tables were compiled for 69 developing nations from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Near East that were recipients of the United States Agency for International Development aid. The first collection, Women in Development, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8053), included all the aid-recipient nations regardless of population size. Subsequently, data were compiled for all remaining nations of the world with a population of five million or more, and statistics for the original nations were updated to reflect more recent information. The second collection in the series, Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155), covered approximately 120 nations from Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Near East, North America, Europe, and the Soviet Union.

  • Women in National Parliaments (1997+)
    World and regional averages of the percentage of women in national parliaments.

  • Women in Parliament, 1945-2003: Cross-National Dataset
    Information on women's inclusion in parliamentary bodies in over 150 countries from 1945 to 2003. Allows for extensive, large-scale, cross-national investigation of the factors that explain women's attainment of political power over time and provides educators with comprehensive international and historical information on women in a variety of political positions. Information is provided on female suffrage, the first female member of parliament, yearly percentages of women in parliaments, when women reached important representational milestones, such as 10 %, 20 %, and 30 % of a legislature, and when women achieved highly-visible political positions, such as prime minister, president, or head of parliament.

  • Workplace Ethnography (WE) Project, 1944-2002
    Provided deep descriptions on a wide range of topics, such as worker behavior, management behavior, coworker relations, labor process, conflict and resistance, citizenship behavior, emotional labor, and sexual harassment. Coding of these characteristics yielded variables based on descriptions of worklife in specific organizational settings. The study data was collected in mainly two periods: the early 1990s and the early 2000s. The study generated 204 ethnographic cases. These cases were derived from 156 separate books since the observations reported in some books allowed the coding of multiple cases. The general scope of questions included organizational factors such as occupation, workplace organization, pay scheme, employment size, the situation of the company, the nature of company ownership, staff turnover, layoff frequency, how well the organization operated in terms of communications, recruitment and retention of personnel, and maintenance of equipment, as well as substantive facts concerning labor market opportunity, and labor force composition. On the topic of management, questions addressed leadership, organization of production, sexual harassment, and control strategies. Community factors were assessed through questions regarding unemployment and if the area was rural or urban. A series of questions addressed job satisfaction, pay, benefit package, job security, effort bargain, conflict with management/supervisors, training, worker strategies, conditions of consent/compliance, and nature of consent/compliance. The nature of work was queried through questions regarding autonomy, creativity, meaningful work, freedom of movement, comfort of work, injuries, employment status, and frequency of conflict with customers. Additional questions included size and nature of the focal group, group dynamics, conflict between the focal group and management, basis of alternative social groups at work, and if work friendships carried over to the outside. Questions about methodology covered ethnographer's theoretical orientation, focus of ethnography, ethnographer's gender, data collection method, supplemental data used, main type of supplemental data used, and position of key informant. Additional items gathered basic information about book title, author's last name, modal occupation, industry, country/region, and observer's role.

  • World Bank Group Country Opinion Survey Program (COS)
    Interested in gauging the views of clients and partners who are either involved in development in the given country or who observe activities related to social and economic development. Meant to give the World Bank's team that works in the given country, more in-depth insight into how the Bank's work is perceived.

  • World Bank Microdata Library
    Portal for all surveys and datasets held in catalogs maintained by the World Bank and a number of contributing external catalogs.

  • World Contraceptive Use (2010, 2012, 2016)
    Includes trends on contraceptive prevalence and unmet needs for family planning. 2012 and 2016 can also be found on the UN Site..

  • World Database of Happiness: States of Nations
    Includes summary information from social surveys indicating levels of happiness in about 95 countries around the world, along with data on possible causal factors. Includes state level measures for the USA.

  • World Development Indicators
    Development indicators from the World Bank. Covers population, education, health, aid, poverty and environmental indicators for 217 countries.

  • World Fertility Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
    Presents data on age-specific fertility rates, total fertility and mean age at childbearing for 201 countries or areas of the world. Covers the time period from 1950 to the present. Data for the time period before 1950 have been included as well, if readily available, but no systematic attempt was made to collect data prior to 1950 for all countries. 2015 is also found on the UN site.

  • World Handbook of Aging and Social Security Indicators (1950-1980)
    Contains 184 variables prepared by the authors in connection with their comparative study of government support of the aged. The data is focused on indicators relevant to social security (social welfare) programs and to the health and welfare of the aged. Some variables have data on up to 131 nations, although most variables have data on fewer nations, as only a limited number of nations have social security data available.

  • World Health Survey (WHS) (2002-2004)
    Monitors critical health outcomes and health systems through the fielding of a valid, reliable, and comparable household survey instrument. The WHS was implemented between 2002 and 2004 in countries selected to represent all regions of the world. Study samples were nationally representative and probabilistically selected. Sampling weights were generated and adjusted for the population distribution with final post-stratification corrections for non-response. The total sample size, using nationally representative samples, includes over 300,000 individuals aged 18+ years. For China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa, WHS also serves as SAGE Wave 0. Household data includes a household roster, health insurance coverage, health expenditures, and indicators of permanent income or wealth. Individual level data include sociodemographic information, health state descriptions, health state valuation, risk factors, chronic conditions, mortality, health care utilization, health systems responsiveness and social capital. Registration is required. Each nation was surveyed once during this period. ICPSR has Waves 0 and 1 only. Countries covered: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain. Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo Republic, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic. Lao PDR, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

  • World Income Inequality Database
    The UNU/WIDER World Income Inequality Database (WIID) collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries.

  • World Marriage Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
    Provides comparable data on the marital status of the population by age and sex for 231 countries or areas of the world. Contains data on marital status of men and women, currently married men and women, ever married men and women and singulate mean age at marriage (SMAM). Data are presented from around 1970 to the most recent data available. 2015 is also found on the UN site.

  • World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series (1961-1993)
    Worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending.

  • World Mortality Report (2011)
    Includes death rates, infant mortality, under age 5 mortality, life expectancy, and probability of dying between ages 15 and 60. Some data goes back to 1950 with projections to 2015.

  • World Population Prospects
    Comprehensive set of demographic indicators for 1950-2100. Includes measures of fertility, life expectancy, migration, and measures of the impact of HIV/AIDS. Older versions are on the DSS server.

  • World Public Opinion.org
    Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.

  • World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database (2016 ed.)
    Contains time series data for 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from 1975-2015 for around 180 different telecommunication and ICT statistics covering the telecommunication network and ICT uptake, mobile services, quality of service, traffic, staff, tariffs, revenue and investment. Data for over 200 economies are available. For select series more recent data may be available on the ITU website. Also see ITU Historical Statistics with select data from 1849-1967.

  • World Values Survey (WVS)
    Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Coverage includes: Albania - 1998, 2002; Algeria - 2002, 2014; Andorra - 2005; Argentina - 1991, 1995, 1999, 2006, 2013; Armenia - 1997, 2011; Australia - 1995, 2005, 2012; Austria - 1990, 1999; Azerbaijan - 1997, 2011-2012; Bahrain (2014); Bangladesh - 1996, 2002; Belarus - 1996, 2000, 2011; Belgium - 1981, 1990, 1999; Bosnia and Herzegovinia - 1998, 2001; Brazil - 1990, 1997, 2006, 2014; Bulgaria - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2006; Burkina Faso - 2007; Canada - 1982, 1990, 2000, 2006; Chile - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2006; China - 1990, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Colombia - 1998, 2005, 2012; Croatia - 1996, 1999; Cyprus - 2006, 2011; Czech Republic - 1991, 1998, 1999; Denmark - 1981, 1990, 1999; Dominican Republic - 1998; Ecuador - 2013; Egypt - 2000, 2008, 2012; El Salvador - 1999; Estonia - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2011; Ethiopia - 2007; Finland - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2005; France - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; Georgia - 1996, 2008, 2014; Germany - 2006, 2013; Germany East - 1990, 1997; Germany West - 1981, 1990, 1997; Ghana - 2007, 2011; Great Britain - 1981, 1990, 1998, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Greece - 1999; Hong Kong - 2005, 2013; Hungary - 1991, 1998, 1999; Iceland - 1984, 1990, 1999; India - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2014; Indonesia - 2001, 2006; Iran - 2003, 2005; Iraq - 2006, 2013; Ireland - 1981, 1990, 1999; Israel - 2001; Italy - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2005; Japan - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010; Jordan - 2007, 2014; Kazakhstan - 2011; Kuwait - 2013; Kyrgyzstan - 2003, 2011; Lativa - 1990, 1996, 1999; Lebanon - 2013; Libya - 2013; Lithuania - 1990, 1997, 1999; Luxembourg - 1999; Macedonia - 1998, 2001; Malaysia - 2006, 2011; Mali - 2007; Malta - 1983, 1991, 1999; Mexico - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2005, 2012; Moldova - 1996, 2006; Montenegro - 1996, 2001; Morocco - 2001, 2007, 2011; Netherlands - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2012; New Zealand - 1998, 2004, 2011; Nigeria - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2011; Northern Ireland - 1981, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Norway - 1990, 1996, 2007; Pakistan - 1997, 2001, 2012; Palestine - 2013; Peru - 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Philippines - 1996, 2001, 2012; Poland - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2012; Portugal - 1990, 1999; Puerto Rico - 1995, 2001; Qatar- 2010; Romania - 1993, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2012; Russia - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Rwanda - 2007, 2012; Saudi Arabia - 2003; Serbia - 1996, 2001, 2006; Singapore - 2002, 2012; Slovakia - 1991, 1998, 1999; Slovenia - 1992, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2011; South Africa - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013; South Korea - 1980, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2010; Spain - 1981, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2011; Sweden - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Switzerland - 1989, 1996, 2007; Taiwan - 1995, 2006, 2012; Tanzania - 2001; Thailand - 2007, 2013; Trinidad and Tobago - 2006, 2010; Turkey - 1990, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2011; Uganda - 2001; Ukraine - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; United Kingdom - 2006 (also see Great Britain and Northern Ireland); United States - 1982, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2006, 2011; Uruguay - 1996, 2006, 2011; Uzbekistan - 2011; Venezuela - 1996, 2000; Vietnam - 2001, 2006; Yemen - 2013; Zambia - 2007; and Zimbabwe - 2001, 2011.

  • World Wealth and Income Database
    Provides distribution of top incomes and wealth for many nations.

  • Zogby Africa poll
    In-person and telephone interviews were conducted of 220 opinion leaders in six African nations: Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa and Uganda representing 5 different sectors: business, government, media, non-governmental organizations and religion.

This page last updated: October 21, 2009