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Finding Data: Data on Censuses


  • "Census Microdata Holdings"
    Table listing microdata from international censuses either available at Princeton University or publicly accesible. Note that many are restricted and require permission from the national government to use.

  • 1940 Census
    Allows full access to the 1940 census images, in addition to 1940 census maps and descriptions for the United States.

  • African Census Analysis Project (ACAP)
    Collaborative initiative between the University of Pennsylvania and African institutions specializing in demographic research and training. ACAP has obtained and archived 55 censuses from 26 African nations thus preventing some of them from further destruction. Data exploration is through the African Census Navigator. Microdata is not available for download. Currently the following is available: (Botswana 1981, 1991; Gambia 1973, 1983, 1993; Lesotho 1986, 1996; Malawi 1977; Nigeria 1991; Senegal 1976; Sudan 1973; Swaziland 1986; Zambia 1980) Registration is required.

  • American Community Survey (ACS) (1996+)
    Nationwide survey designed to provide communities with a fresh look at how they are changing. 2005 is the first full year. Prior years were small test runs. Replaces the decennial long form. Tells us what the population looks like and how it lives. Includes occupancy status, homeownership data, and housing cost data. IPUMS also contains the data in an easier to use format. More recent data may be found directly on the Census website. For summary statistics, use Social Explorer.

  • Annual Survey of Jails (1985+)
    Only data collection effort that provides an annual source of data on local jails and jail inmates. As of 2008, title changed to Annual Survey of Jails: Jail-Level Data, previously Annual Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level Data.

  • Annual Survey of Jails in Indian Country (1998+)
    Purpose was to gather data on all adult and juvenile jail facilities and detention centers in Indian reservations, pueblos, rancherias, and other Native American and Alaska Native communities throughout the United States. Provides data on the number of inmates, staffing, and facility characteristics and needs of all confinement facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

  • Annual Survey of Jails: Individual Reporting-Level Data
    The Annual Survey of Jails (ASJ) is the only data collection effort that provides an annual source of data on local jails and jail inmates. Data on the size of the jail population and selected inmate characteristics are obtained every 5 to 6 years from the Census of Jails. In each of the years between the full censuses, a sample survey of jails is conducted to estimate baseline characteristics of the Nation's jails and inmates housed in these jails. The ASJ supplies data on characteristics of jails such as admissions and releases, growth in the number of jail facilities, changes in their rated capacities and level of occupancy, growth in the population supervised in the community, changes in methods of community supervision, and crowding issues. Also provides information on changes in the demographics of the jail population, supervision status of persons held, and a count of non-citizens in custody. Used to track growth in the number of jails and the capacities nationally, changes in the demographics of the jail population and supervision status of persons held, the prevalence of crowding issues, and a count of non-United States citizens within the jail population.

  • Brazilian Public Use Micro Samples (PUMS 1%) (1970)
    Documentation located at (DSS) HA974 1970.A467

  • Canadian Census and Election Data, 1908-1968
    Contains 7 files of Canadian census and election data, each corresponding to a particular electoral period when the number of constituencies was fixed. The data files include returns from the federal elections of 1908 and 1911 and data from the 1911 Census (Part 1), the elections of 1917 and 1921 and the 1921 Census (Part 2), the elections of 1925, 1926, and 1930 (Part 3), the elections of 1935, 1940, and 1945 (Part 4), the election of 1949 and the 1951 Census (Part 5), the elections of 1957, 1958, 1962, 1963, and 1965 and the 1961 Census (Part 6), and the election of 1968 (Part 7). The election data include information on the total valid vote cast and the percentage of the total vote received by each of the major parties, including the Conservative, Liberal, Socialist, Labor, Independent, Progressive, CCF, Social Credit, NDP, and Creditiste parties, as well as a total for all other parties. The census data provide demographic information on religion, including Anglican, Baptist, Jewish, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, United Church, and other denominational sects, and ethnic origin, including British, French, German, Italian, Scandinavian, Russian, Polish, Asiatic, Native, and others, as well as information on age, education, occupation, and income from the 1961 Census.

  • Censimento della popolazione (1991, 2001) (Italy)
    1% Sample for 1991 and 2% Sample for 2001 of Italian census. Documentation for 1991 is at (DSS) HA1364 1991.A12

  • Census and property survey of Florentine domains and the city of Verona in the fifteenth century ltaly

  • Census Hub (Eurostat)
    Summary statistics for EU member countries from the 2011, 2001, and 1990/1991 round of national censuses. 2011 and 2001 contain national and subnational statistics; 1990/1991 national level only.

  • Census of Canada. 1996. Public Use Microdata File
    Contains files for individuals, households and housing, and families.

  • Census of Canada. 2001. Public Use Microdata File (Households and Families)
    Contains files for individuals, households and housing, and families. Individuals File is the 2nd revision.

  • Census of Canada. 1971: Public Use Samples

    Sample Size: 1 in 100

  • Census of Canada. 1976: Public Use Samples

    Sample Size: 1 in 100

  • Census of Canada. 1981. Public Use Microdata File (Households and Families; Individuals)
    Contains files for individuals and households and families.

  • Census of Canada. 1986. Public Use Microdata File
    Contains files for individuals, households and housing, and families.

  • Census of Canada. 1991. Public Use Microdata File
    Contains files for individuals, households and housing, and families.

  • Census of Canada. 2006. Public Use Microdata File.
    Contains files for individuals and hierarchical files.

  • Census of India 1991. Primary Census Abstract.
    Summary data from the 1991 Census of India.

  • Census of India 2001: housing microdata sample
    Contains: Vol. 1 (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Punjab, Haryana and Delhi) -- Census of India Housing Micro Data Sample, Vol. 2 (Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh) -- Census of India Housing Micro Data Sample, Vol. 3 (Bihar and Jharkhand) -- Census of India Housing Micro Data Sample, Vol. 4 (Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya and Assam) -- Census of India Housing Micro Data Sample, Vol. 5 (Sikkim, West Bengal, Orissa and Andaman and Nicobar Islands) -- Census of India Housing Micro Data Sample, Vol. 6 (Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh) -- Census of India Housing Micro Data Sample, Vol. 7 (Gujarat, Daman & Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Maharashtra and Goa) -- Census of India Housing Micro Data Sample, Vol. 8 (Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka) -- Census of India Housing Micro Data Sample, Vol. 9 (Lakshadweep, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry). Additional documentation is available.

  • Census of India 2001: primary census abstract
    Summary data for the 2001 Census of India. Also available from the Census of India website.

  • Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) (1997+)
    Administered every other year, in odd-numbered years. Replaced the Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities, also known as the Children in Custody (CIC) census, which had been conducted since the early 1970s. Also see the Matched Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP)/Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) Series.

  • Census of Population and Housing, 1981: Households Sample File [Australia]: Data
    Also available in SDA format.

  • Census of Population and Housing, 1986: Households Sample File (Section of State) [Australia]
    Also available in SDA format.

  • Census of Population. Small Area Population Statistics (1981-2002); 5% Anonymised Records (1996-2002)
    5% anonymised, individual level sample of the Census for 1996 and 2002. The Small Area Population Statistics for the 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, and 2002 Censuses for Ireland. This breaks the national data down by various levels (Electoral Division, Gaeltacht, etc.). Both data sets are restricted. Researchers can access 2006 SAPS data directly from the CSO website at:

  • Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities (1971+)
    Information on the population and characteristics of public (through 1984-1985) or public and private (1986-1987 and beyond) juvenile facilities in operation in the United States each February. Annual data for the previous calendar year are included as well. Residential programs and group homes were included in the census if they housed three or more residents, if at least 50% of the residents were juveniles, and if accused or adjudicated delinquents and status offenders were at least 1% of their average daily population. In California, however, all California Youth Authority Facilities were included in the census. Juvenile facilities operated as part of adult jails were excluded, as were nonresidential facilities, facilities exclusively for drug or alcohol abusers or nonoffenders, and federal juvenile correctional facilities.

  • Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities (1979+)
    Descriptive analysis of federal and state-operated adult confinement and correctional facilities nationwide. Includes prisons, penitentiaries, and correctional facilities; boot camps; community corrections; prison farms; reception, diagnostic, and classification centers; road camps; forestry and conservation camps; youthful offender facilities (except in California); vocational training facilities; prison hospitals; and correctional drug and alcohol treatment facilities. Variables include physical security, age of facilities, functions of facilities, programs, inmate work assignments, staff employment, facilities under court order/consent decree for conditions of confinement, capital and operating expenditures, custody level of residents/inmates, one-day and average daily population counts, race/ethnicity of inmates, inmate deaths, special inmate counts, and assaults and incidents by inmates. The institution is the unit of analysis. Produced every 5 years.

  • Census of Turin, Italy (1705)
    Census enumeration of the city of Turin, Italy, in 1705. A house-by-house survey of all inhabitants was conducted to assess how many men were able to bear arms and how many people there were to feed. All of the inhabitants, including both citizens and immigrants streaming into the city from the surrounding countryside to escape the invaders, were listed by name, along with their ages, family relationships, birthplaces, occupations, dwelling places, and any weapons kept in the household. Fifty cantonieri (ward-captains) were assigned to survey the 122 isole (city blocks). The information for 15 of the isole are absent.

  • CensusInfo (Occupied Palestinian Territory)
    Contains data drawn from the 2007 Population, Housing and Establishment Census for the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

  • CensusInfo Egypt
    Contains over 90.000 data values from the 2006 census and the 1996 census.

  • CensusInfo Malawi
    Contains 56 data/indicators with more than 23,000 data values covering all topics of the 2008 Population and Housing Census of Malawi.

  • Characteristics of Municipios: Data from the 1950 and 1960 Censuses of Mexico
    Contains socio-economic characteristics of the population of each municipio: occupational and industrial structure, educational attainment, migration, urbanization, bilingualism, etc. Requires free registration.

  • China Data Online
    Offers comprehensive statistical and economic information of China in English. Note: If you do not see "Welcome: Princeton University" on the top banner, click on "Direct Access to Institutional Users". Set the encoding of your browser to Simplified Chinese (GB): this will display bullets and other symbols better. Text is always English. Includes summary data from the Industrial Census (1995), Economic Census (2004), and the population censuses of 1982, 1990, 1995, and 2005 as well as the provincial and county censuses of 2000. For 2012+, use the China Statistical Bureau Website. Must use in Internet Explorer. Select geo-coded data is contained in the Geo-Explorer I component. The China Statistical Yearbook (1999-2000, 2002-2004, 2006-2010, 2012-2014) can also be found on the DSS server and in the CNKI collection for 1981+.

  • Cornwall Census (1841, 1851)
    Contains complete transcripts of the Cornwall (England) returns of the census of 1841 and 1851. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Folketaellingen 1801 (Danish Census 1801)

  • Historical Demographic Data of Southeastern Europe: Orasac, 1824-1975
    This component of the series focuses exclusively on the Serbian village of Orasac and is composed of 64 datasets. These data record a variety of demographic and economic information between the years of 1824 and 1975. General population information at the individual level is available in official census records from 1863, 1884, 1948, 1953, and 1961, and from population register records for the years of 1928, 1966, and 1975. Census data at the household level is also available for the years of 1863, 1928, 1948, 1953, and 1961. These data are followed by detailed records of engagement and marriage. Many of these data were obtained through the courtesy of village and county officials. Priest book records from 1851 through 1966, as well as death records from 1863 to 1976 and tombstone records from 1975, are also available. Information regarding migrants and emigrants was obtained from the village council for the years of 1946 through 1975. Lastly, the data provide economic and financial information, including records of individual landholdings (for the years of 1863, 1952, 1966, and 1975), records of government taxation at the individual or household level (for 1813 through 1840, as well as for 1952), and livestock censuses (at both the individual and household level for the years of 1824 and 1825, and only at the individual level for the years of 1833 and 1834).

  • Integrated Census Microdata (I-CeM)
    Standardized, integrated dataset of most of the censuses of Great Britain for the period 1851 to 1911: England and Wales for 1851-1861, 1881-1911; Scotland for 1851-1901, making available to academic researchers the detailed information on parish-level about everyone resident in this country collected at each decennial census from 1851 to 1911.

  • IPUMS-International Census Data
    Project dedicated to collecting and distributing census data from around the world. Samples are currently available for Argentina (1970, 1980, 1991, 2001, 2010), Armenia (2001, 2011), Austria (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Bangladesh (1991, 2001, 2011), Belarus (1999), Bolivia (1976, 1992, 2001), Brazil (1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010), Burkina Faso (1985, 1996, 2006), Cambodia (1998, 2008), Cameroon (1976, 1987, 2005), Canada (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001), Chile (1960, 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002), China (1982, 1990), Colombia (1964, 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005), Costa Rica (1963, 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011), Cuba (2002), Dominican Republic (1960, 1970, 1981, 2002, 2010), Ecuador (1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010), Egypt (1996, 2006), El Salvador (1992, 2007), Ethiopia [1984, 1994, 2007], Fiji (1966, 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007), France (1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2011), West Germany (1970, 1987), East Germany (1971, 1981) Ghana (1984, 2000, 2010), Greece (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001), Guinea (1983, 1996), Haiti (1971, 1982, 2003), Hungary (1970, 1980, 1990, 2001, India (1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004 -- all employment surveys), Indonesia (1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Iran (2006), Iraq (1997), Ireland (1971, 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2002, 2006, 2011), Israel (1972, 1983, 1995), Italy (2001), Jamaica (1982, 1991, 2001), Jordan (2004), Kenya (1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009), Kyrgyz Republic (1999, 2009), Liberia (1974, 2008), Malawi (1987, 1998, 2008), Malaysia (1970, 1980, 1991, 2000), Mali (1987, 1998, 2009), Mexico (1960, 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010), (Mongolia 1989, 2000), Morocco (1982, 1994, 2004), Mozambique [1997, 2007], Nepal (2001), Netherlands (1960, 1971, 2001), Nicaragua (1971, 1995, 2005), Nigeria (2006-2010), Pakistan (1973, 1981, 1998), Palestine (1997, 2007), Panama (1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010), Paraguay [1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002], Peru (1993, 2007), Philippines (1990, 1995, 2000), Portugal (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Puerto Rico (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Romania (1977, 1992, 2002), Rwanda (1991, 2002), Saint Lucia (1980, 1991), Senegal (1988, 2002), Sierra Leone (2004), Slovenia (2002), South Africa (1996, 2001, 2007, 2011), Spain (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), South Sudan (2008), Sudan (2008), Switzerland (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Tanzania (1988, 2002), Thailand (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Turkey (1985, 1990, 2000), Uganda (1991, 2001), Ukraine (2001), United Kingdom (1991, 2001), United States (1850+), Uruguay (1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2011), Venezuela (1971, 1981, 1990, 2001), Vietnam (1989, 1999, 2009), Zambia (1990, 2000, 2010). Registration is required.

  • Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) Series
    Collects basic information on facility characteristics, including size, structure, security arrangements, and ownership. Also provides information on the use of bed space in the facility to indicate whether the facility is experiencing crowding. Includes questions about the type of facility, such as detention center, training school, ranch, or group home. This information is complemented by a series of questions about other residential services provided by the facility, such as independent living, foster care, or other arrangements. Uses 4 modules to collect information on the health care, education, substance abuse treatment, and mental health treatment provided to youth in these facilities. These 4 modules are not always collected each year. While not evaluating the effectiveness or quality of these services, the JRFC gathers important information about the youth the services are directed toward and how the services are provided. The census indicates the use of screenings or tests conducted to determine counseling, education, health, or substance abuse needs, and also examines prominent issues about conditions of confinement, including the restraint of youth and improper absences from the facility. Congress requires the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to report annually on the number of deaths of juveniles in custody; JRFC collects information on such deaths for the one-year period just prior to the census reference date. The census reference date is the 4th Wednesday in October. The inclusion criteria for facilities are: (1) the facility must house persons under the age of 21, (2) who were charged with or adjudicated for an offense, and (3) were present in the facility on the reference date because of that offense. JRFC does not capture data on adult prisons or jails, nor does it include facilities that are used exclusively for mental health or substance abuse treatment or for dependent children.

  • Liberian Census Data, 1843
    Variables include age, number of members in family, date of arrival in the colony, connections in the colony, occupation, education, health, family status and place of settlement. Requires free registration. Courtesy of University of Wisconsin.

  • Mexico census 1990 (Census tract level data (AGEB 1990) and Locality level data (ITER 1990))
    Summary data at the tract and locality level for Mexico in 1990.

  • National Household Survey (2011)
    The Canadian census questions cover basic demographic characteristics such as age, sex, marital and common-law status, household relationships and mother tongue. Information previously collected by the mandatory long-form census questionnaire will be collected as part of the new voluntary National Household Survey (NHS).

  • National Jail Census (1970+)
    Excluded from the census were federal- or state-administered facilities, including the combined jail-prison systems in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Data include jail population by reason being held, age (juvenile or adult) and sex, maximum sentence that can be served in the facility, available services, type of security available, facility capacity, age, construction and renovation of the facility, employment, and operating expenditures. Also know as the Census of Jail Inmates.

  • North Atlantic Population Project (NAPP)
    Database of the complete censuses of Canada (1881), Denmark (1787, 1801), Great Britain (1881, 1911), Norway (1801, 1865, 1900, 1910), Sweden (1880, 1890, 1900), the United States (1880) and Iceland (1703, 1729, 1801, 1901, 1910). Samples of census data are also available for Canada (1852, 1871, 1891, 1901, 1911), Great Britain (1851), the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1819), Norway (1875), and the United States (1850, 1860, 1870, 1900, 1910), which support cross-temporal analyses. Has enabled linking of individuals between census years for longitudinal analysis. NAPP includes samples of the United States that link 1880 to seven other census years, samples for Norway that link males and couples between the 1865, 1875, and 1900 censuses, and samples for Great Britain that link males, females and couples between 1851 and 1881.

  • Palestinian Population, Housing, and Establishment Census, 1997
    Includes 1) all persons present in the Palestinian territory on the reference date, irrespective of nationality, purpose of stay and place of residence in the Palestinian territory. (2) all Palestinians temporarily living abroad (for less than one year prior to the night of the reference date) and who have a usual place of residence in the Palestinian territory (these persons are enumerated as part of their households). (3) all Palestinians studying abroad irrespective of the study period and the period of stay abroad and all Palestinian detainees in the Israeli jails regardless of the detention period.

    Sample Size: 10%

  • Politico-Religious Organization and Economic Change in Zinacantan, Mexico, 1952-1987
    Stems from anthropological field work on politico-religious organization and economic change in Zinacantan, Mexico. Major areas of investigation include local economics, economic stratification, and political and religious organization. Men of Zinacantan, Mexico, held year-long religious posts called ''cargos,'' and waiting lists were kept to record the names of men who wished to serve in the future. The cargo data presented in this collection include information on cargo waiting lists such as the year in which the lists were used, the cargo requested, and the hamlet of residence of the requester. The census data for the hamlet Nachig for the years 1967, 1983, and 1987 include information such as age, residence, tax-paying status, land holdings, wealth, economic activity, economic status, political affiliation, and religious and civil offices held. The unit of analysis for the cargo data is the cargo requested. For the census data, the unit of analysis is married men.

  • Population Census of Indonesia (1971)
    Contains personal data on the individuals place of birth, age, sex, relationship to head of household, marital status, ethnic origin, religion, language spoken, literacy, educational attainment, migration patterns, number of children born and living, and employment history and present status. Requires registration. Courtesy of University of Wisconsin.

    Sample Size: .38% Sample and 3.8% Sample for Jakarta and Jogjakarta

  • Population Registers of Sart, Belgium, 1811-1900

  • Public Use Samples. Excerpts for General Use from the Swiss Federal Population Censuses 1970-2000.
    5% Sample of the Swiss population.

  • Puerto Rico Census Project 1910 and 1920
    Individual and household records drawn from the 1910 and 1920 Puerto Rican Population Censuses.

  • SCINCE : Sistema para la consulta de informacion censal 2000, Distrito Federal : XII Censo General de Poblacion y Vivienda 2000
    Population and housing statistics on the states of Mexico from its 2000 Census. Princeton also has the edition covering 1990.

  • Social Explorer (1790+)
    Allows user to visually analyze and understand the demography of the United States through the use of interactive maps and data reports. Covers the censuses from 1790+ along with the American Community Surveys and some religion data. Also includes the 2011 censuses for Canada and the United Kingdom.

  • South African Population Census (1991, 1996)
    The 1991 Census was enumerated according to the place where the persons were located during data collection in 1991. Data is available in both Stata and SAS formats. The 1996 Population Census contains the 10% sample of unit records from South Africa's 1996 population census. Data were gathered in October 1996.

  • Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities
    Nationally representative sample of state federal inmates. Gathered extensive information on demographic, socioeconomic, and criminal history characteristics. Also obtained were details of inmates' military service records such as time of service and branch of service, eligibility for benefits, type of discharge, and contact with veterans' groups. Other variables include age, ethnicity, education, gun possession and use, lifetime drug use and alcohol use and treatment, prior incarceration record, and prearrest annual income. Data on characteristics of victims and on prison activities, programs and services are provided as well.

    Surveys of State prison inmates have been conducted in 1974, 1979, 1986, 1991, 1997, and 2004. Sentenced Federal prison inmates were first interviewed in the 1991 survey. Surveys are conducted every approximately every 5 years.

  • Thailand Population and Housing Census 1990

  • U. S. Census - IPUMS. 1850+
    Public use samples of individual-level data from the U. S. census.

  • UK Data Archive. Census data.
    Various census data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom.

  • United Kingdom Individual Licensed Samples of Anonymised Record (2001)
    Restricted 3% sample of the 2001 United Kingdom Census. Each user must get permission. Contact For specifications, see

  • Urban Population Database, 1801-1911
    Uses census returns to construct a consistent time series of population for urban centres in England and Wales 1801-1911. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Warwickshire Census Returns, 1891
    Contains a complete transcript of the Warwickshire (England) returns of the census of 1891 To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Wiltshire Census Returns, 1841
    Contains a complete transcript of the Wiltshire (England) returns of the census of 1841. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

This page last updated: October 21, 2009